Skip Navigation
small NCES header image

Table B.1.26b. Average TIMSS science scores of eighth-grade students, by jurisdiction: 1995, 1999, 2003, and 2007

Jurisdiction 1995   1999   2003   2007
Average score   s.e.     Average score   s.e.     Average score   s.e.     Average score   s.e.  
TIMSS scale average   500   0.0     500   0.0     500   0.0     500   0.0
   
Algeria                           408   1.7
Argentina   (1)                            
Armenia                   461   3.5     488   5.8
Australia   514   3.9       540 3  4.4     527   3.8       515   3.6  
Austria   539 4  3.8                        
                                               
Bahrain                   438   1.8     467   1.7
Belgium (Flemish)   533 5  6.4     535 5  3.1     516   2.5        
Belgium (French)   466 4  3.8                        
Bosnia and Herzegovina                           466   2.8
Botswana                   365   2.8     355   3.1
                                               
Bulgaria   545 4  5.2     518   5.4       479   5.2     470 6  5.9
Canada   514   2.6       533   2.1                
Chile           420   3.7     413   2.9        
Chinese Taipei           569   4.4     571   3.5     561   3.7
Colombia   365   6.2                     417   3.5
                                               
Cyprus   452   2.1     460   2.4     441   2.0     452   2.0
Czech Republic   555   4.5     539   4.2             539   1.9
Denmark   (7)                            
Egypt                   421   3.9     408   3.6
El Salvador                           387   2.9
                                               
England   533 5,8      538 5  4.8     (9)         542 5  4.5
Estonia                   552   2.5        
Finland           535   3.5                
France   488   3.2                        
Georgia                           421 10  4.8
                                               
Germany   518 4,5,10  5.5                          
Ghana                   255   5.9     303   5.4
Greece   (7)                            
Hong Kong SAR11   510   5.8       530 5  3.7     556 5,12  3.0     530 5  4.9  
Hungary   537   3.1     552   3.7     543   2.8     539   2.9
                                               
Iceland   484   5.8                        
Indonesia   (1)         435   4.5     420 10  4.1     427   3.4
Iran, Islamic Republic of   463   3.6     448   3.8     453 12  2.3     459   3.6
Ireland   518   5.1                          
Israel   (13)         468 8  4.9     488 8  3.1     468 8  4.3
                                               
Italy   (1)         493 12  3.9     491   3.1     495   2.8
Japan   554   1.8     550   2.2     552   1.7     554   1.9
Jordan           450   3.8     475   3.8     482   4.0
Korea, Republic of   546   2.0     549   2.6     558 14  1.6     553   2.0
Kuwait   (13)                       418 14  2.8
                                               
Latvia (LSS)15   476 10  3.3     503 10  4.8       513   2.9        
Lebanon                   393   4.3     414   5.9
Lithuania   464 10,12  4.0     488 10,14  4.1     519 10  2.1     519 10  2.6  
Macedonia, Republic of           458   5.2     449 8  3.6        
Malaysia           492   4.4     510   3.7     471   6.0
                                               
Malta                           457   1.4
Mexico   (16)                            
Moldova, Republic of           459   4.0     472   3.4        
Morocco           323   4.3     396 2,6,10  2.5       (17)    
Netherlands   541 9  6.0     545 5  6.9     536 5  3.1          
                                               
New Zealand   511   4.9       510   4.9       520   5.0          
Norway   514   2.4               494   2.2     487   2.2
Oman                           423   3.0
Palestinian National Authority                   435   3.2     404   3.5
Philippines   (18)         345   7.5     377   5.8        
                                               
Portugal   473   3.1                        
Qatar                           319   1.7
Romania   471   5.1     472   5.8     470   4.9     462   3.9
Russian Federation   523 12  4.5       529   6.4       514   3.7     530   3.9
Saudi Arabia                   398   4.0     403 6  2.4
                                               
Scotland   501 2  5.6               512 5  3.4     496 5  3.4
Serbia                   468 10  2.5     470 10,12  3.2
Singapore   580   5.5     568   8.0     578   4.3     567   4.4
Slovak Republic   532   3.3     535   3.3     517   3.2        
Slovenia   514   2.7       533 3  3.2       520   1.8       538   2.2
                                               
South Africa   (13)         243   7.9     244   6.7        
Spain   504   2.3                          
Sweden   553   4.4             524   2.7       511   2.6
Switzerland   509 10  2.8                          
Syrian Arab Republic                           452   2.9
                                               
Thailand   (7)         482   4.0             471   4.3
Tunisia           430   3.4     404   2.1     445   2.1
Turkey           433   4.3             454 6  3.7
Ukraine                           485   3.5
United States   513 5  5.6       515   4.6       527 2  3.1       520 5,12  2.9  
∆ Score is higher than U.S. score (p <.05).  
▼ Score is lower than U.S. score (p <.05).  
— Not available. (Data were not collected or not reported.)  
† Not applicable.  
1 Argentina, Italy, and Indonesia were unable to complete the steps necessary for their data to appear in TIMSS 1995 report (Peak, 1996).  
2 Nearly satisfied guidelines for sample participation rates only after substitute schools were included.  
3 Because of national-level changes in the starting age/date for school, data cannot be compared with other years.  
4 Sampling issue identified by the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). See TIMSS 1995 report (Peak, 1996) for more details.  
5 Met guidelines for sample participation rates only after substitute schools were included.  
6 Data not comparable with previous cycles.  
7 Data not shown because of unapproved sampling procedures at classroom level.  
8 National Defined Population covers less than 90 percent of the National Target Population (but at least 77 percent).  
9 England collected data in 2003, but due to problems with meeting the minimum sampling requirements its eighth-grade data are not reported.  
10 National Target Population did not include all of the International Target Population defined by TIMSS.  
11 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.  
12 National Defined Population covers 90 percent to 95 percent of National Target Population.  
13 Data not shown because of unapproved sampling procedures at classroom level and failure to meet other guidelines.  
14 Tested the same cohort of students, but later, at the beginning of the next school year.  
15 Only Latvian-speaking schools (LSS) were included.  
16 Mexico participated in the testing portion of TIMSS, but chose not to release its results at grades 7 and 8 in the international report.  
17 Morocco failed to meet the required school participation rates in 2007 because of a procedural difficulty with some schools.  
18 Data for the Philippines are not shown because characteristics of its school sample are not completely known.  
NOTE: Science scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. The TIMSS 1995 average scores were rescaled to allow for trend analysis. For more details, see appendix A of Provasnik, Gonzales, and Miller (2009). The tests for significance take into account the standard error for the reported difference. Thus, a small difference between the United States and one country may be significant while a large difference between the United States and another country may not be significant. Standard error is noted by s.e.  
SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 1995, 1999, 2003, and 2007. Provasnik, S., Gonzales, P., and Miller, D. (2009). U.S. Performance Across International Assessments of Student Achievement: Special Supplement to The Condition of Education 2009 (NCES 2009-083), table A-7. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.  
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.
National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education