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Table B.1.25. Percentage distribution of 15-year-old students scoring at each proficiency level on the PISA problem-solving scale, by jurisdiction: 2003

Jurisdiction Below level 1   Level 1   Level 2   Level 3
Percent s.e.   Percent s.e.   Percent s.e.   Percent s.e.
  OECD average 17.3 0.25   30.4 0.20   34.2 0.22   18.2 0.18
                         
OECD countries                      
  Australia 9.4 0.59   25.8 0.67   39.1 0.83   25.7 0.84
  Austria 13.6 1.00   32.3 1.07   36.8 1.06   17.2 1.16
  Belgium 14.0 0.80   23.8 0.88   34.1 0.82   28.1 0.81
  Canada 8.5 0.48   27.0 0.70   40.0 0.69   24.5 0.72
  Czech Republic 12.1 1.14   29.4 1.20   37.0 1.12   21.5 1.24
                         
  Denmark 10.5 0.76   30.2 0.92   39.2 0.90   20.1 0.93
  Finland 4.6 0.51   22.1 0.84   43.3 0.82   30.1 0.92
  France 11.7 0.95   28.1 1.04   37.5 1.05   22.7 0.99
  Germany 14.2 1.00   27.7 1.14   36.4 1.49   21.7 1.39
  Greece 32.7 1.53   36.1 1.01   24.3 1.21   7.0 0.80
                         
  Hungary 16.1 0.98   31.8 1.40   34.9 1.20   17.2 1.16
  Iceland 12.4 0.66   32.5 1.01   40.2 0.97   14.9 0.64
  Ireland 12.5 0.91   36.9 1.17   38.3 1.05   12.3 0.76
  Italy 24.7 1.32   34.7 1.16   30.0 0.99   10.6 0.66
  Japan 9.9 1.00   20.0 0.98   34.5 1.25   35.6 1.58
                         
  Korea, Republic of 5.2 0.54   21.6 1.02   40.8 1.11   32.4 1.35
  Luxembourg 17.0 0.71   34.1 0.95   34.7 1.04   14.2 0.56
  Mexico 58.1 1.86   29.7 1.07   10.9 0.99   1.3 0.24
  Netherlands 10.7 1.13   30.5 1.31   35.8 1.41   23.0 1.13
  New Zealand 9.9 0.81   25.3 0.85   36.5 1.01   28.3 0.92
                         
  Norway 19.4 0.88   32.6 1.15   33.1 0.97   14.9 0.84
  Poland 17.5 0.98   37.2 1.02   33.6 1.14   11.7 0.66
  Portugal 23.9 1.73   36.5 1.09   31.0 1.36   8.6 0.63
  Slovak Republic 17.5 1.40   34.4 1.16   34.0 1.34   14.1 0.96
  Spain 20.1 0.87   35.5 1.08   32.9 1.15   11.6 0.83
                         
  Sweden 12.0 0.85   32.4 1.12   38.2 1.02   17.4 0.99
  Switzerland 11.4 0.74   26.8 1.02   38.7 1.10   23.1 1.42
  Turkey 51.2 2.51   32.5 1.58   12.4 1.64   3.9 1.24
  United States 23.7 1.12   33.7 0.83   30.3 1.03   12.4 0.78
                         
Non-OECD jurisdictions                      
  Hong Kong-China 8.0 1.05   20.5 0.99   36.5 1.17   35.0 1.39
  Indonesia 73.5 1.71   22.9 1.36   3.5 0.64   #
  Latvia 20.3 1.48   35.6 1.27   32.5 1.39   11.6 0.96
  Liechtenstein 10.2 1.54   26.0 2.35   36.8 3.56   27.1 2.62
  Macao-China 6.3 0.82   27.3 1.37   42.1 2.00   24.2 1.59
                         
  Russian Federation 22.8 1.69   34.5 1.03   30.6 1.28   12.2 1.02
  Serbia and Montenegro 42.6 1.70   39.5 1.16   15.8 1.17   2.1 0.31
  Thailand 41.4 1.57   40.5 1.08   15.6 1.10   2.6 0.47
  Tunisia 77.1 1.05   20.4 0.82   2.5 0.51   #
  Uruguay 47.2 1.58   30.5 1.33   17.5 1.23   4.7 0.54
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
NOTE: In order to reach a particular proficiency level, a student must have been able to correctly answer a majority of items at that level. Students were classified into problem solving levels according to their scores on a scale from 0 to 1,000. Exact cut point scores are as follows: below level 1 (a score less than or equal to 404.06); level 1 (a score greater than 404.06 and less than or equal to 498.08); level 2 (a score greater than 498.08 and less than or equal to 592.10); level 3 (a score greater than 592.10). The OECD average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member countries with data available. Because PISA is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD jurisdictions are displayed separately from those of the OECD countries and are not included in the OECD average. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2003. Lemke, M., Sen, A., Pahlke, E., Partelow, L., Miller, D., Williams, T., Kastberg, D., and Jocelyn, L. (2004). International Outcomes of Learning in Mathematics Literacy and Problem Solving: PISA 2003 Results From the U.S. Perspective (NCES 2005-003), table B-15. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education