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Table B.1.17. Average PISA mathematics literacy scores of 15-year-old students, by jurisdiction: 2000, 2003, and 2006

    20001,2   2003   2006
Jurisdiction Average score   s.e.     Average score s.e.     Average score s.e.  
OECD average   500   0.7       500 0.6     498 0.5
                                 
OECD countries                                
Australia   533   3.5     524 2.1     520 2.2
Austria   515   2.5     506 3.3     505 3.7
Belgium   520   3.9     529 2.3     520 3.0
Canada   533   1.4     532 1.8     527 2.0
Czech Republic   498   2.8       516 3.5     510 3.6
                               
Denmark   514   2.4     514 2.7     513 2.6
Finland   536   2.2     544 1.9     548 2.3
France   517   2.7     511 2.5     496 3.2
Germany   490   2.5       503 3.3     504 3.9
Greece   447   5.6     445 3.9     459 3.0
                               
Hungary   488   4.0       490 2.8       491 2.9
Iceland   514   2.3     515 1.4     506 1.8
Ireland   503   2.7       503 2.4     501 2.8
Italy   457   2.9     466 3.1     462 2.3
Japan   557   5.5     534 4.0     523 3.3
                               
Korea, Republic of   547   2.8     542 3.2     547 3.8
Luxembourg   446   2.0     493 1.0     490 1.1
Mexico   387   3.4     385 3.6     406 2.9
Netherlands   (3)         538 3.1     531 2.6
New Zealand   537   3.1     523 2.3     522 2.4
                               
Norway   499   2.8       495 2.4     490 2.6
Poland   470   5.5     490 2.5       495 2.4
Portugal   454   4.1     466 3.4     466 3.1  
Slovak Republic           498 3.3     492 2.8
Spain   476   3.1     485 2.4       480 2.3  
                               
Sweden   510   2.5     509 2.6     502 2.4
Switzerland   529   4.4     527 3.4     530 3.2
Turkey           423 6.7     424 4.9
United Kingdom   529   2.5     (4)       495 2.1
United States   493   7.6       483 2.9       474 4.0  
                                 
Non-OECD jurisdictions                                
Albania   381 5  3.1            
Argentina   388 5  9.4           381 6.2
Azerbaijan                 476 2.3  
Brazil   334   3.7     356 4.8     370 2.9
Bulgaria   430 5  5.7           413 6.1
                               
Chile   384 5  3.7           411 4.6
Chinese Taipei                 549 4.1
Colombia                 370 3.8
Croatia                 467 2.4  
Estonia                 515 2.7
                               
Hong Kong-China   560 5  3.3     550 4.5     547 2.7
Indonesia   367 5  4.5     360 3.9     391 5.6
Israel   433 5  9.3           442 4.3
Jordan                 384 3.3
Kyrgyz Republic                 311 3.4
                               
Latvia   463   4.5     483 3.7       486 3.0
Liechtenstein   514   7.0     536 4.1     525 4.2
Lithuania                 486 2.9
Macao-China           527 2.9     525 1.3
Macedonia, FYR   381   2.7            
                               
Montenegro, Republic of6                 399 1.4
Peru   292   4.4            
Qatar                 318 1.0
Romania   426   4.3           415 4.2
Russian Federation   478   5.5       468 4.2     476 3.9  
                               
Serbia, Republic of6           437 3.8     435 3.5
Slovenia                 504 1.0
Thailand   432 5  3.6     417 3.0     417 2.3
Tunisia           359 2.5     365 4.0
Uruguay           422 3.3     427 2.6
∆ Score is higher than U.S. score (p <.05).
▼ Score is lower than U.S. score (p <.05).
— Not available. (Data were not collected or not reported.)
† Not applicable.
1 Tests for significance have been updated from what was presented in the PISA 2000 U.S. report (Lemke, Calsyn, Lippman, Jocelyn, Kastberg, Liu, Roey, Williams, Kruger, and Bairu, 2001). Some jurisdiction differences reported here were not reported as statistically significant in the PISA 2000 U.S. report. In that report, a Bonferroni adjustment was used in all multiple comparisons of jurisdictions. This was not the case when PISA 2003 and 2006 data were analyzed and reported, thus PISA 2000 tests have been updated in this report to keep consistency across years. For more details, see appendix A of Provasnik, Gonzales, and Miller (2009).
2 The PISA mathematics framework was revised in 2003. Because of changes in the framework, it is not possible to compare mathematics learning outcomes from PISA 2000 with those from PISA 2003 and PISA 2006. The line dividing PISA 2000 results from those of PISA 2003 and PISA 2006 indicates that these data are not comparable. For more details, see OECD 2007 (available at http://www.oecd.org/dataoecd/30/17/39703267.pdf).
3 Because of technical problems with its sample, 2000 data for the Netherlands have been omitted from PISA reports.
4 Because of low response rates, 2003 data for the United Kingdom have been omitted from PISA reports.
5 Did not participate with other jurisdictions in PISA in 2000; administered PISA in 2001.
6 The Republics of Montenegro and Serbia were a united jurisdiction for the PISA 2003 assessment.
NOTE: The OECD average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member countries. Because PISA is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD jurisdictions are displayed separately from those of the OECD countries and are not included in the OECD average. Mathematics literacy scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. The tests for significance take into account the standard error for the reported difference. Thus, a small difference between the United States and one jurisdiction may be significant while a large difference between the United States and another jurisdiction may not be significant. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2000, 2003, and 2006. Provasnik, S., Gonzales, P., and Miller, D. (2009). U.S. Performance Across International Assessments of Student Achievement: Special Supplement to The Condition of Education 2009 (NCES 2009-083), table A-5. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education