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Table B.1.11b. Average TIMSS mathematics content and cognitive domain scores of eighth-grade students, by jurisdiction: 2007

Jurisdiction Content domains   Cognitive domains      
Number   Algebra   Geometry   Data and chance   Knowing   Applying   Reasoning      
Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.   Average score   s.e.      
TIMSS scale average 500 * 0.0   500   0.0   500 * 0.0   500 * 0.0   500 * 0.0   500   0.0   500 * 0.0      
                                                             
Algeria 403 * 1.7   349 * 2.4   432 * 2.1   371 * 1.7   371 * 1.9   412 * 2.0          
Armenia 492 * 3.1   532 * 2.5   493 * 4.1   427 * 3.9   507   3.1   493 * 3.8   489 * 3.8      
Australia 503   3.7   471 * 3.7   487   3.6   525   3.2   487 * 3.3   500   3.4   502   3.3      
Bahrain 388 * 2.0   403 * 1.8   412 * 2.1   418 * 2.1   395 * 1.7   403 * 1.9   413 * 2.1      
Bosnia and Herzegovina 451 * 3.0   475 * 3.2   451 * 3.5   437 * 2.3   478 * 2.9   440 * 2.6   452 * 2.9      
                                                             
Botswana 366 * 2.9   394 * 2.2   325 * 3.2   384 * 2.6   376 * 2.1   351 * 2.6          
Bulgaria 458 * 4.7   476 * 5.1   468 * 5.0   440 * 4.7   477 * 4.7   458 * 4.8   455 * 4.7      
Chinese Taipei 577 * 4.2   617 * 5.4   592 * 4.6   566 * 3.6   594 * 4.5   592 * 4.2   591 * 4.1      
Colombia 369 * 3.5   390 * 3.1   371 * 3.3   405 * 3.8   364 * 3.4   384 * 3.7   416 * 3.3      
Cyprus 464 * 1.6   468 * 2.0   458 * 2.7   464 * 1.6   468 * 1.6   465 * 1.8   461 * 2.1      
                                                             
Czech Republic 511   2.5   484 * 2.4   498 * 2.7   512 * 2.8   502 * 2.5   504   2.7   500   2.6      
Egypt 393 * 3.1   409 * 3.3   406 * 3.4   384 * 3.1   392 * 3.6   393 * 3.6   397 * 3.4      
El Salvador 355 * 3.0   331 * 3.7   318 * 3.7   362 * 3.0   336 * 3.1   347 * 3.3          
England1 510   5.0   492   4.6   510 * 4.4   547 * 5.0   503 * 4.0   514 * 4.9   518 * 4.3      
Georgia2 421 * 5.6   421 * 6.6   409 * 6.7   373 * 4.3   427 * 5.8   401 * 5.5   389 * 5.8      
                                                             
Ghana 310 * 4.0   358 * 3.6   275 * 4.9   321 * 3.6   313 * 4.6   297 * 4.2          
Hong Kong SAR1,3 567 * 5.6   565 * 5.6   570 * 5.5   549 * 4.7   574 * 5.4   569 * 5.9   557 * 5.6      
Hungary 517   3.6   503   3.6   508 * 3.6   524   3.3   518   3.3   513 * 3.1   513 * 3.2      
Indonesia 399 * 3.7   405 * 3.5   395 * 4.5   402 * 3.6   397 * 4.0   398 * 3.7   405 * 3.3      
Iran, Islamic Rep. of 395 * 3.9   408 * 3.9   423 * 4.4   415 * 3.5   403 * 4.1   402 * 4.2   427 * 3.5      
                                                             
Israel4 469 * 3.2   470 * 3.9   436 * 4.3   465 * 4.4   473 * 3.7   456 * 4.1   462 * 4.1      
Italy 478 * 2.8   460 * 3.2   490 * 3.1   491 * 3.1   476 * 3.0   483 * 2.9   483 * 2.8      
Japan 551 * 2.3   559 * 2.5   573 * 2.2   573 * 2.2   560 * 2.2   565 * 2.2   568 * 2.4      
Jordan 416 * 4.3   448 * 4.1   436 * 3.9   425 * 3.8   432 * 4.2   422 * 4.1   440 * 3.6      
Korea, Rep. of 583 * 2.4   596 * 3.0   587 * 2.3   580 * 2.0   596 * 2.5   595 * 2.8   579 * 2.3      
                                                             
Kuwait5 347 * 3.1   354 * 3.0   385 * 2.8   366 * 3.5   347 * 3.1   361 * 2.7          
Lebanon 454 * 3.4   465 * 3.2   462 * 4.0   407 * 4.4   464 * 3.9   448 * 4.6   429 * 4.0      
Lithuania2 506   2.7   483 * 2.7   507 * 2.6   523 * 2.3   508   2.5   511 * 2.4   486 * 2.5      
Malaysia 491 * 5.1   454 * 4.3   477   5.6   469 * 4.1   477 * 4.8   478 * 4.9   468 * 3.8      
Malta 496 * 1.3   473 * 1.4   495 * 1.1   487 * 1.4   490 * 1.6   492 * 1.0   475 * 1.3      
                                                             
Norway 488 * 2.0   425 * 2.8   459 * 2.3   505 * 2.5   458 * 1.8   477 * 2.2   475 * 2.3      
Oman 363 * 2.7   391 * 3.2   387 * 3.0   389 * 3.0   372 * 3.5   368 * 3.0   397 * 3.3      
Palestinian Nat'l Auth. 366 * 3.2   382 * 3.4   388 * 3.8   371 * 2.9   365 * 3.8   371 * 3.4   381 * 3.5      
Qatar 334 * 1.6   312 * 1.5   301 * 1.8   305 * 1.6   307 * 1.4   305 * 1.4          
Romania 457 * 3.5   478 * 4.6   466 * 4.0   429 * 3.7   470 * 4.2   462 * 4.0   449 * 4.6      
                                                             
Russian Federation 507   3.8   518 * 4.5   510 * 4.1   487 * 3.8   521   3.9   510   3.7   497   3.6      
Saudi Arabia 309 * 3.3   344 * 2.8   359 * 2.6   348 * 2.2   308 * 2.6   335 * 2.3          
Scotland1 489 * 3.7   467 * 3.7   485   3.9   517 * 3.5   481 * 3.3   489 * 3.7   495 * 3.3      
Serbia2,6 478 * 2.9   500   3.2   486   3.6   458 * 3.0   500 * 3.2   478 * 3.3   474 * 3.3      
Singapore 597 * 3.5   579 * 3.7   578 * 3.4   574 * 3.9   581 * 3.4   593 * 3.6   579 * 4.1      
                                                             
Slovenia 502 * 2.3   488 * 2.4   499 * 2.4   511 * 2.3   500 * 2.2   503   2.0   496 * 2.5      
Sweden 507   1.8   456 * 2.4   472 * 2.5   526   3.0   478 * 2.0   497   2.0   490 * 2.6      
Syrian Arab Republic 393 * 3.4   406 * 3.7   417 * 3.4   387 * 2.7   393 * 4.2   401 * 3.4   396 * 3.4      
Thailand 444 * 4.8   433 * 5.0   442 * 5.3   453 * 4.1   436 * 4.8   446 * 4.7   456 * 4.4      
Tunisia 425 * 2.6   423 * 2.6   437 * 2.6   411 * 2.3   421 * 2.6   423 * 2.4   425 * 2.3      
                                                             
Turkey 429 * 4.0   440 * 5.1   411 * 5.1   445 * 4.4   439 * 4.8   425 * 4.5   441 * 4.2      
Ukraine 460 * 3.7   464 * 3.9   467 * 3.6   458 * 3.5   471 * 3.5   464 * 3.5   445 * 3.8      
United States1,6 510   2.7   501   2.7   480   2.5   531   2.8   514   2.6   503   2.9   505   2.4      
— Not available. Average achievement could not be estimated.          
† Not applicable.                                                            
* Average score is significantly different from U.S. average score (p <.05).                                      
1 Met guidelines for sample participation rates only after substitute schools were included.      
2 National Target Population did not include all of the International Target Population defined by the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS).      
3 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.      
4 National Defined Population covered less than 90 percent of the National Target Population (but at least 77 percent).                                                            
5 Kuwait tested the same cohort of students as other countries, but later in 2007, at the beginning of the next school year.      
6 National Defined Population covered 90 percent to 95 percent of the National Target Population.      
NOTE: Mathematics scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. The tests for significance take into account the standard error for the reported difference. Thus, a small difference between the United States and one jurisdiction may be significant while a large difference between the United States and another jurisdiction may not be significant. For details on footnotes see Appendix A of Gonzales et al. (2008). Standard error is noted by s.e.      
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 2007. Gonzales, P., Williams, T., Jocelyn, L., Roey, S., Kastberg, D., and Brenwald, S. (2008). Highlights From TIMSS 2007: Mathematics and Science Achievement of U.S. Fourth- and Eighth-Grade Students in an International Context (NCES 2009—001 Revised), table E-4. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.      
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