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Table B.1.10b. Average TIMSS mathematics scores of eighth-grade students, by jurisdiction: 1995, 1999, 2003, and 2007

  1995   1999   2003   2007
Jurisdiction Average score   s.e.     Average score   s.e.     Average score   s.e.     Average score   s.e.  
TIMSS scale average   500   0.0       500   0.0       500   0.0       500   0.0
   
Algeria                           387   2.1
Argentina   (1)                            
Armenia                   478   3.0     499   3.5
Australia   509   3.7     525 3  4.8     505   4.6       496   3.9
Austria   529 4  3.1                        
                                               
Bahrain                   401   1.7     398   1.6
Belgium (Flemish)   550 5  5.9     558 5  3.3     537   2.8        
Belgium (French)   518 4  3.8                        
Bosnia and Herzegovina                           456   2.7
Botswana                   366   2.6     364   2.3
                                               
Bulgaria   527 6  5.8     511   5.9       476   4.3     464   5.0
Canada   521   2.2     531   2.5                
Chile           392   4.4     387   3.3        
Chinese Taipei           585   4.0     585   4.6     598   4.5
Colombia   332   5.6                     380   3.6
                                               
Cyprus   468   2.2     476   1.8     459   1.7     465   1.6
Czech Republic   546   4.5     520   4.2             504   2.4  
Denmark   (7)                            
Egypt                   406   3.5     391   3.6
El Salvador                           340   2.8
                                               
England   498 5,8  3.0       496 4  4.2       (9)         513 5  4.8  
Estonia                   531   3.0        
Finland           520   2.7                
France   530   2.8                        
Georgia                           410 10  6.0
                                               
Germany   502 4,5,10  4.5                          
Ghana                   276   4.7     309   4.4
Greece   (7)                            
Hong Kong SAR11   569   6.1     582 5  4.3     586 5  3.3     572 5  5.8
Hungary   527   3.2     532   3.7     529 12  3.2     517   3.5  
                                               
Iceland   484   4.9                          
Indonesia   (1)         403   4.9     411 10  4.8     397   3.8
Iran, Islamic Republic of   418   3.9     422   3.4     411 12  2.4     403   4.1
Ireland   519   4.8                        
Israel   (13)         466 8  3.9     496 8  3.4       463 8  3.9
                                               
Italy   (1)         479 12  3.8     484   3.2     480   3.0
Japan   581   1.6     579   1.7     570   2.1     570   2.4
Jordan           428   3.6     424   4.1     427   4.1
Korea, Republic of   581   2.0     587   2.0     589 14  2.2     597   2.7
Kuwait   (13)                         354 14  2.3
                                               
Latvia (LSS)15   488 10  3.6       505 10  3.4       505   3.8          
Lebanon                   433   3.1     449   4.0
Lithuania   472 10,12  4.1     482 10,14  4.3     502 10  2.5       506 10  2.3  
Macedonia, Republic of           447   4.2     435 8  3.5        
Malaysia           519   4.4     508   4.1       474   5.0
                                               
Malta                           488   1.2
Mexico   (16)                            
Moldova, Republic of           469   3.9     460   4.0        
Morocco           337   2.6     387 2,10,17  2.5     (18)    
Netherlands   529 4  6.1     540 5  7.1     536 5  3.8        
                                               
New Zealand   501   4.7       491   5.2       494   5.3          
Norway   498   2.2               461   2.5     469   2.0
Oman                           372   3.4
Palestinian National Authority                   390   3.1     367   3.5
Philippines   (19)         345   6.0     378   5.2        
                                               
Portugal   451   3.0                        
Qatar                           307   1.4
Romania   474   4.6     472   5.8     475   4.8     461   4.1
Russian Federation   524 12  5.3     526   5.9     508   3.7       512   4.1  
Saudi Arabia                   332   4.6     329 17  2.9
                                               
Scotland   493 2  5.7               498 5  3.7       487 5  3.7
Serbia                   477 10  2.6     486 10,12  3.3
Singapore   609   4.0     604   6.3     605   3.6     593   3.8
Slovak Republic   534   3.1     534   4.0     508   3.3          
Slovenia   494 4  2.9       530 3  2.8       493   2.2     501   2.1
                                               
South Africa   (13)         275   6.8     264   5.5        
Spain   483   2.3                          
Sweden   540   4.3             499   2.6       491   2.3
Switzerland   534 10  2.7                        
Syrian Arab Republic                           395   3.8
                                               
Thailand   (7)         467   5.1             441   5.0
Tunisia           448   2.4     410   2.2     420   2.4
Turkey           429   4.3             432 17  4.8
Ukraine                           462   3.6
United States   492 5  4.7       502   4.0       504 2  3.3       508 5,12  2.8  
∆ Score is higher than U.S. score (p <.05).  
▼ Score is lower than U.S. score (p <.05).  
— Not available. (Data were not collected or not reported.)  
† Not applicable.  
1 Argentina, Italy, and Indonesia were unable to complete the steps necessary for their data to appear in TIMSS 1995 report (Peak, 1996).  
2 Nearly satisfied guidelines for sample participation rates only after substitute schools were included.  
3 Because of national-level changes in the starting age/date for school, data cannot be compared with other years.  
4 Sampling issues identified by the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). See TIMSS 1995 report (Peak, 1996) for details.  
5 Met guidelines for sample participation rates only after substitute schools were included.  
6 Did not satisfy guidelines for sample participation rates.  
7 Data not shown because of unapproved sampling procedures at classroom level.  
8 National Defined Population covers less than 90 percent of the National Target Population (but at least 77 percent).  
9 England collected data in 2003, but due to problems with meeting the minimum sampling requirements its eighth-grade data are not reported.  
10 National Target Population did not include all of the International Target Population defined by TIMSS.  
11 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.  
12 National Defined Population covers 90 percent to 95 percent of the National Target Population.  
13 Data not shown because of unapproved sampling procedures at classroom level and failure to meet other guidelines.  
14 The same cohort of students was tested as other countries, but later in the same year, at the beginning of the next school year.  
15 Only Latvian-speaking schools (LSS) are included.  
16 Mexico participated in the testing portion of TIMSS, but chose not to release its results at grades 7 and 8 in the international report.  
17 Data not comparable with previous cycles.  
18 Morocco failed to meet the required school participation rates in 2007 because of a procedural difficulty with some schools.  
19 Data for the Philippines are not shown because characteristics of its school sample are not completely known.  
NOTE: Mathematics scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. The TIMSS 1995 average scores were rescaled to allow for trend analysis. For more details, see appendix A of Provasnik, Gonzales, and Miller (2009). The tests for significance take into account the standard error for the reported difference. Thus, a small difference between the United States and one jurisdiction may be significant while a large difference between the United States and another jurisdiction may not be significant. Standard error is noted by s.e.  
SOURCE: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 1995, 1999, 2003, and 2007. Provasnik, S., Gonzales, P., and Miller, D. (2009). U.S. Performance Across International Assessments of Student Achievement: Special Supplement to The Condition of Education 2009 (NCES 2009-083), table A-4. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.  
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