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Table B.1.07. Average PISA reading literacy scores of 15-year-old students, by sex and jurisdiction: 2000, 2003, and 2006

    2000   2003   2006
    Male   Female   Male - female score point difference     Male   Female   Male - female score point difference     Male   Female   Male - female score point difference  
Jurisdiction   Average score s.e.   Average score s.e.   s.e.   Average score s.e.   Average score s.e.   s.e.   Average score s.e.   Average score s.e.   s.e.
  OECD average 485 0.8   517 0.8   -32 0.9   477 0.7   511 0.7   -34 0.8   473 0.7   511 0.7   -38 0.8
                                                     
OECD countries                                                      
Australia 513 4.0   546 4.7   -34 5.4   506 2.8   545 2.6   -39 3.6   495 3.0   532 2.2   -37 3.6
Austria 495 3.2   520 3.6   -26 5.2   467 4.5   514 4.2   -47 5.2   468 4.9   513 5.5   -45 6.0
Belgium 492 4.2   525 4.9   -33 6.0   489 3.8   526 3.3   -37 5.1   482 4.1   522 3.5   -40 4.8
Canada 519 1.8   551 1.7   -32 1.6   514 2.1   546 1.8   -32 2.0   511 2.8   543 2.5   -32 2.3
Czech Republic 473 4.1   510 2.5   -37 4.7   473 4.1   504 4.4   -31 4.9   463 5.0   509 5.4   -46 6.2
                                                     
Denmark 485 3.0   510 2.9   -25 3.3   479 3.3   505 3.0   -25 2.9   480 3.6   509 3.5   -30 3.2
Finland 520 3.0   571 2.8   -51 2.6   521 2.2   565 2.0   -44 2.7   521 2.7   572 2.3   -51 2.8
France 490 3.5   519 2.7   -29 3.4   476 3.8   514 3.2   -38 4.5   470 5.2   505 3.9   -35 4.4
Germany 468 3.2   502 3.9   -35 5.2   471 4.2   513 3.9   -42 4.6   475 5.3   517 4.4   -42 3.9
Greece 456 6.1   493 4.6   -37 5.0   453 5.1   490 4.0   -38 4.1   432 5.7   488 3.5   -57 5.6
                                                     
Hungary 465 5.3   496 4.4   -32 5.7   467 3.2   498 3.1   -31 3.8   463 3.7   503 3.9   -40 4.1
Iceland 489 2.1   528 2.1   -40 3.1   464 2.3   522 2.2   -58 3.5   460 2.8   509 2.3   -48 3.3
Ireland 513 4.2   542 3.6   -29 4.6   501 3.3   530 3.7   -29 4.6   500 4.5   534 3.8   -34 4.9
Italy 469 5.1   507 3.6   -38 7.1   455 5.1   495 3.4   -39 6.0   448 3.4   489 2.8   -41 4.0
Japan 507 6.7   537 5.4   -30 6.4   487 5.5   509 4.1   -22 5.4   483 5.4   513 5.2   -31 7.7
                                                     
Korea, Republic of 519 3.8   533 3.7   -14 6.0   526 3.7   547 4.3   -21 5.6   539 4.6   574 4.5   -35 5.9
Luxembourg 429 2.6   456 2.3   -27 3.8   463 2.6   496 1.8   -33 3.4   464 2.0   495 2.1   -32 3.2
Mexico 412 4.2   432 3.8   -20 4.3   389 4.6   410 4.6   -22 4.4   393 3.5   427 3.0   -34 2.5
Netherlands       503 3.7   524 3.2   -21 3.9   495 3.7   519 3.0   -24 3.4
New Zealand 507 4.2   553 3.8   -46 6.3   508 3.1   535 3.3   -28 4.4   502 3.6   539 3.6   -37 4.6
                                                     
Norway 486 3.8   529 2.9   -43 4.0   475 3.4   525 3.4   -49 3.7   462 3.8   508 3.3   -46 3.3
Poland 461 6.0   498 5.5   -36 7.0   477 3.6   516 3.2   -40 3.7   487 3.4   528 2.8   -40 2.9
Portugal 458 5.0   482 4.6   -25 3.8   459 4.3   495 3.7   -36 3.3   455 4.4   488 3.5   -33 3.7
Slovak Republic       453 3.8   486 3.3   -33 3.5   446 4.2   488 3.8   -42 5.4
Spain 481 3.4   505 2.8   -24 3.2   461 3.8   500 2.5   -39 3.9   443 2.6   479 2.3   -35 2.1
                                                     
Sweden 499 2.6   536 2.5   -37 2.7   496 2.8   533 2.9   -37 3.2   488 4.0   528 3.5   -40 3.2
Switzerland 480 4.9   510 4.5   -30 4.2   482 4.4   518 3.1   -36 4.7   484 3.2   515 3.3   -31 2.6
Turkey       426 6.8   459 6.1   -33 5.8   427 5.1   471 4.3   -44 4.3
United Kingdom             480 3.0   510 2.6   -29 3.5
United States 490 8.4   518 6.2   -29 4.1   479 3.7   511 3.6   -32 3.4      
                                                     
Non-OECD jurisdictions                                                      
Hong Kong-China       494 5.3   525 3.5   -32 5.5   520 3.5   551 3.0   -31 4.5
Indonesia       370 3.4   394 3.9   -24 2.8   384 8.7   402 4.2   -18 6.3
Latvia 432 5.5   485 5.4   -53 4.2   470 4.5   509 3.7   -39 4.3   454 4.3   504 3.5   -50 3.2
Liechtenstein 469 7.3   500 6.8   -31 11.5   517 7.2   534 6.5   -17 11.9   486 7.7   531 6.3   -45 11.7
Macao-China       491 3.6   504 2.8   -13 4.8   479 1.8   505 1.5   -26 2.4
                                                     
Russian Federation 443 4.5   481 4.1   -38 2.9   428 4.7   456 3.7   -29 3.9   420 4.8   458 4.3   -38 3.2
Serbia and Montenegro       390 3.7   433 3.9   -43 3.9      
Thailand       396 3.7   439 3.0   -43 4.1   386 4.0   440 3.0   -54 4.7
Tunisia       362 3.3   387 3.3   -25 3.6   361 4.6   398 3.9   -38 3.6
Uruguay       414 4.5   453 3.7   -39 4.7   389 4.4   435 3.8   -45 4.9
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
NOTE: The male-female score point difference is calculated by subtracting the average scores of females from the average scores of males. The OECD average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member countries with data available. Because PISA is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD jurisdictions are displayed separately from those of the OECD countries and are not included in the OECD average. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2000, 2003, and 2006. Lemke, M., Sen, A., Pahlke, E., Partelow, L., Miller, D., Williams, T., Kastberg, D., and Jocelyn, L. (2004). International Outcomes of Learning in Mathematics Literacy and Problem Solving: PISA 2003 Results From the U.S. Perspective (NCES 2005-003), table B-22. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.
and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). PISA 2006 Science Competencies for Tomorrow's World, table 6.1c. Paris: Author.
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