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Table B.1.06. Average PISA reading literacy scores of 15-year-old students, by jurisdiction: 2000, 2003, and 2006

Jurisdiction 20001   2003   2006
Average score   s.e.     Average score s.e.     Average score s.e.
  OECD average   500   0.6       494 0.7     492 0.6
 
OECD countries                            
Australia   528   3.5     525 2.1   513 2.1
Austria   507   2.4       491 3.8     490 4.1
Belgium   507   3.6       507 2.6   501 3.0
Canada   534   1.6     528 1.7   527 2.4
Czech Republic   492   2.4       489 3.5     483 4.2
                           
Denmark   497   2.4       492 2.8     494 3.2
Finland   546   2.6     543 1.6   547 2.1
France   505   2.7       496 2.7     488 4.1
Germany   484   2.5     491 3.4     495 4.4
Greece   474   5.0     472 4.1   460 4.0
                           
Hungary   480   4.0     482 2.5   482 3.3
Iceland   507   1.5       492 1.6     484 1.9
Ireland   527   3.2     515 2.6   517 3.5
Italy   487   2.9     476 3.0   469 2.4
Japan   522   5.2     498 3.9     498 3.6
                           
Korea, Republic of   525   2.4     534 3.1   556 3.8
Luxembourg   441   1.6     479 1.5   479 1.3
Mexico   422   3.3     400 4.1   410 3.1
Netherlands   (2)         513 2.9   507 2.9
New Zealand   529   2.8     522 2.5   521 3.0
                           
Norway   505   2.8       500 2.8     484 3.2
Poland   479   4.5     497 2.9     508 2.8
Portugal   470   4.5     478 3.7   472 3.6
Slovak Republic           469 3.1   466 3.1
Spain   493   2.7       481 2.6   461 2.2
                           
Sweden   516   2.2       514 2.4   507 3.4
Switzerland   494   4.2       499 3.3     499 3.1
Turkey           441 5.8   447 4.2
United Kingdom   523   2.6     (3)     495 2.3
United States   504   7.0       495 3.2     (4)
 
Non-OECD jurisdictions                            
Albania   349 5  3.3        
Argentina   418 5  9.9         374 7.2
Azerbaijan               353 3.1
Brazil   396   3.1     403 4.6   393 3.7
Bulgaria   430 5  4.9         402 6.9
                           
Chile   410 5  3.6         442 5.0
Chinese Taipei               496 3.4
Colombia               385 5.1
Croatia               477 2.8
Estonia               501 2.9
                           
Hong Kong-China   525 5  2.9     510 3.7   536 2.4
Indonesia   371 5  4.0     382 3.4   393 5.9
Israel   452 5  8.5         439 4.6
Jordan               401 3.3
Kyrgyz Republic               285 3.5
                           
Latvia   458   5.3     491 3.7     479 3.7
Liechtenstein   483   4.1     525 3.6   510 3.9
Lithuania               470 3.0
Macao-China           498 2.2     492 1.1
Macedonia, FYR   373 5  1.9        
                           
Montenegro, Republic of6           412 3.6   392 1.2
Peru   327 5  4.4        
Qatar               312 1.2
Romania   428   3.5         396 4.7
Russian Federation   462   4.2     442 3.9   440 4.3
                           
Serbia, Republic of6           412 3.6   401 3.5
Slovenia               494 1.0
Thailand   431 5  3.2     420 2.8   417 2.6
Tunisia           375 2.8   380 4.0
Uruguay           434 3.4   413 3.4
∆ Score is higher than U.S. score (p <.05).
▼ Score is lower than U.S. score (p <.05).
— Not available. (Data were not collected or not reported.)
† Not applicable.
1 Tests for significance have been updated from what was presented in the PISA 2000 U.S. report (Lemke, Calsyn, Lippman, Jocelyn, Kastberg, Liu, Roey, Williams, Kruger, and Bairu, 2001). Some jurisdiction differences reported here were not reported as statistically significant in the PISA 2000 U.S. report. In that report, a Bonferroni adjustment was used in all multiple comparisons of jurisdictions. This was not the case when PISA 2003 and 2006 data were analyzed and reported, thus PISA 2000 tests have been updated in this report to keep consistency across years. For more details, see appendix A of Provasnik, Gonzales, and Miller (2009).
2 Because of technical problems with its sample, 2000 data for the Netherlands have been omitted from the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) reports.
3 Because of low response rates, 2003 data for the United Kingdom have been omitted from PISA reports.
4 PISA 2006 reading literacy results for the United States were compromised because of an error in printing the test booklets.
5 Did not participate with other jurisdictions in PISA in 2000; administered PISA in 2001.
6 The Republics of Montenegro and Serbia were a united jurisdiction for the PISA 2003 assessment.
NOTE: The OECD average is the average of the national averages of the OECD member countries. Because PISA is principally an OECD study, the results for non-OECD jurisdictions are displayed separately from those of the OECD countries and are not included in the OECD average. Jurisdictions are ordered alphabetically. Reading literacy scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. The tests for significance take into account the standard error for the reported difference. Thus, a small difference between the United States and one jurisdiction may be significant while a large difference between the United States and another jurisdiction may not be significant. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2000, 2003, and 2006. Provasnik, S., Gonzales, P., and Miller, D. (2009). U.S. Performance Across International Assessments of Student Achievement: Special Supplement to The Condition of Education 2009 (NCES 2009-083), table A-2. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.
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