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Table B.1.05. IEA: Trends in percentages of fourth-grade students reaching the PIRLS 2006 international benchmarks in reading literacy, by jurisdiction: 2001 and 2006

Jurisdiction Advanced (625)   High (550)   Intermediate (475)   Low (400)
2001   2006   2001   2006   2001   2006   2001   2006
Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.     Percent   s.e.   Percent   s.e.  
International average 8   0.2   9   0.2   38   0.3   40   0.3   72   0.3   74   0.3   89   0.2   90   0.2
                                                                       
Bulgaria1 17   1.2   16   1.4     54   1.9   52   2.3     83   1.6   82   1.8     95   0.9   95   1.0  
Canada, Ontario1 15   1.2   15   1.2     50   1.8   54   2.0     84   1.3   87   1.1   96   0.6   98   0.5
Canada, Quebec 8   0.7   6   0.8     43   2.0   41   1.9     84   1.5   83   1.3     98   0.4   97   0.4  
England 20   1.4   15   0.9   54   1.7   48   1.3   82   1.2   78   1.1   94   0.7   93   0.7  
France 7   0.8   5   0.6     37   1.4   35   1.2     77   1.2   76   1.2     95   0.6   96   0.4  
                                                                       
Germany 9   0.6   11   0.9   47   1.3   52   1.6   83   0.9   87   0.8   97   0.4   97   0.3  
Hong Kong SAR2 5   0.6   15   1.0   39   1.9   62   1.6   81   1.5   92   0.8   97   0.6   99   0.2
Hungary 10   0.9   14   0.9   49   1.8   53   1.8     85   1.0   86   1.4     98   0.3   97   0.5  
Iceland 6   0.5   3   0.4   32   0.9   29   1.1   71   1.1   72   0.8     92   0.6   93   0.8  
Iran, Islamic Rep. of #     1   0.2     7   0.8   8   0.7     28   1.8   30   1.3     56   2.0   60   1.6  
                                                                       
Israel3 9   0.7   10   1.0     36   1.2   40   1.3     67   1.2   70   1.3     87   1.0   85   1.2  
Italy 11   0.9   14   1.4     48   1.4   52   1.8   83   1.2   87   1.3   97   0.6   98   0.4
Latvia 9   0.9   8   0.8     49   2.0   46   1.5     87   0.9   86   1.2     99   0.4   98   0.4  
Lithuania 9   1.0   5   0.8   48   1.8   43   1.3   85   1.2   86   0.9     98   0.4   99   0.3  
Macedonia, Rep. of 2   0.3   2   0.4     15   1.1   15   1.1     41   1.9   40   1.7     67   2.1   66   1.6  
                                                                       
Moldova, Rep. of 3   0.7   3   0.4     22   2.1   23   1.5     61   2.1   67   1.9   88   1.2   91   0.9  
Morocco     #       4 ! 1.6   1 ! 0.4     14   2.6   9   1.2     33   3.4   26   2.0  
Netherlands4 10   0.9   6   0.5   54   1.8   49   1.2   92   1.0   91   0.8     99   0.3   99   0.2  
New Zealand 14   1.2   13   0.7     45   1.6   45   1.0     74   1.4   76   1.0     90   1.0   92   0.6  
Norway5 4   0.8   2   0.3   28   1.5   22   1.1   65   1.6   67   1.6     88   0.9   92   0.8
                                                                       
Romania 9   1.2   4   0.5   35   2.2   27   1.6   69   2.0   61   2.2   88   1.3   84   1.8
Russian Federation1 5   0.9   19   1.5   39   2.3   61   2.0   80   1.9   90   1.1   96   1.2   98   0.5  
Scotland4 11   0.9   10   0.8     42   1.9   40   1.4     75   1.5   77   1.4     92   0.9   93   0.8  
Singapore 12   1.4   19   1.4   45   2.4   58   1.7   76   2.0   86   1.0   90   1.4   97   0.4
Slovak Republic 5   0.8   8   0.6   34   1.7   43   1.5   76   1.5   80   1.3   94   0.8   94   0.9  
                                                                       
Slovenia 3   0.4   6   0.6   25   1.1   37   1.2   67   1.2   76   1.1   91   0.6   94   0.5
Sweden 15   1.0   11   0.9   59   1.4   53   1.5   90   0.8   88   1.0   98   0.3   98   0.4  
United States1,4 15   1.1   12   1.2     50   2.0   47   2.0     80   1.7   82   1.4     94   0.7   96   0.6
∆ 2006 percentage significantly higher (p <.05)
▼ 2006 percentage significantly lower (p <.05)
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. (Estimates are unstable.)
‡ Reporting standards not met.
1 National Defined Population covers less than 95 percent of the National Target Population.
2 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China.
3 National Defined Population covers less than 80 percent of the National Target Population.
4 Met guidelines for sample participation rates only after substitute schools were included.
5 Nearly satisfied guidelines for sample participation rates after substitute schools were included.
NOTE: The International average does not include the results from the Canadian provinces. The primary education systems of the Russian Federation and Slovenia underwent structural changes between 2001 and 2006. Data for Canada, Ontario include only public schools. Average reading literacy scores are reported on a scale of 0 to 1,000. Benchmarks refer to the percentage of students who reached each cutpoint score along the scale (400, 475, 550, 625). For benchmark definitions and methodology see Mullis et al. (2007). Apparent differences may not be statistically significant. Standard error is noted by s.e.
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), 2006. Mullis, I.V.S., Martin, M.O., Kennedy, A.M., and Foy, P. (2007). PIRLS 2006 International Report, exhibit 2.1. Chestnut Hill, MA: Boston College PDF File (42290KB).
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education