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Table B.1.01. Average PIRLS reading literacy scores of fourth-grade students, by jurisdiction: 2001 and 2006

  2001   2006
Jurisdiction Average score   s.e.     Average score   s.e.  
PIRLS scale average   500   0.0     500   0.0
                       
Argentina   420   5.9        
Austria           538   2.2  
Belgium (Flemish)           547 1  2.0  
Belgium (French)           500   2.6
Belize   327   4.7        
                       
Bulgaria   550   3.8       547   4.4  
Canada, Alberta           560   2.4
Canada, British Columbia           558   2.6
Canada, Nova Scotia           542   2.2  
Canada, Ontario   548   3.3       555   2.7
                       
Canada, Quebec   537   3.0       533   2.8  
Chinese Taipei           535   2.0  
Colombia   422   4.4        
Cyprus   494   3.0        
Czech Republic   537   2.3          
                       
Denmark           546   2.3  
England   553 1,2  3.4     539   2.6  
France   525   2.4     522   2.1
Georgia           471   2.2
Germany   539   1.9       548   2.4  
                       
Greece   524 2  3.5        
Hong Kong, SAR3   528   3.1     564   2.4
Hungary   543   2.2       551   3.0
Iceland   512   1.2     511   1.3
Indonesia           405   4.1
                       
Iran, Islamic Republic of   414   4.2     421   3.1
Israel   509 4  2.8     512   3.3
Italy   541   2.4       551   2.9
Kuwait   (5)         330   4.2
Latvia   545   2.3       541   2.3  
                       
Lithuania   543 6  2.6       537   1.6  
Luxembourg           557   1.1
Macedonia, Republic of   442   4.6     442   4.1
Moldova, Republic of   492   4.0     500   3.0
Morocco   350 7  9.6     323   5.9
                       
Netherlands   554 1  2.5     547 1  1.5  
New Zealand   529   3.6     532   2.0
Norway   499   2.9     498 8  2.6
Poland           519   2.4
Qatar           353   1.1
                       
Romania   512   4.6     489   5.0
Russian Federation   528   4.4     565   3.4
Scotland   528 1  3.6     527 1  2.8
Singapore   528   5.2     558   2.9
Slovak Republic   518   2.8     531   2.8
                       
Slovenia   502   2.0     522   2.1
South Africa           302   5.6
Spain           513   2.5
Sweden   561   2.2     549   2.3
Trinidad and Tobago           436   4.9
                       
Turkey   449   3.5        
United States   542 1  3.8       540 1  3.5  
∆ Score is higher than U.S. score (p <.05).  
▼ Score is lower than U.S. score (p <.05).  
— Not available. (Data were not collected or not reported.)  
† Not applicable.  
1 Met guidelines for sample participation rates only after substitute schools were included.  
2 National Defined Population covers less than 95 percent of the National Target Population.  
3 Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People’s Republic of China.  
4 National Defined Population covers less than 80 percent of the National Target Population.  
5 Although Kuwait participated in 2001 and 2006, the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) elected not to report the 2001 estimates for the country because of concerns about the quality of Kuwait’s data.  
6 National Target Population does not cover all of the International Target Population because coverage falls below 65 percent.  
7 Nearly satisfied guidelines for sample participation rates after substitute schools were included.  
8 Did not meet guidelines for sample participation rates after substitute schools were included.  
NOTE: Jurisdictions are ordered alphabetically. Reading literacy scores are reported on a scale from 0 to 1,000. The tests for significance take into account the standard error for the reported difference. Thus, a small difference between the United States and one jurisdiction may be significant while a large difference between the United States and another jurisdiction may not be significant. Standard error is noted by s.e.  
SOURCE: Data from the International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA), Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS), 2001 and 2006. Provasnik, S., Gonzales, P., and Miller, D. (2009). U.S. Performance Across International Assessments of Student Achievement: Special Supplement to The Condition of Education 2009 (NCES 2009-083), table A-1. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.  
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education