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Table A.2.08. OECD: Percentage of international and foreign students enrolled in tertiary education, by student mobility and foreign enrollments, tertiary program, and country: 2009
Country International enrollments   Foreign enrollments
International students as a percentage of all tertiary enrollment   Foreign students as a percentage of all tertiary enrollment
Total tertiary   Tertiary-type B (vocational) programs Tertiary-type A (academic higher education) programs Advanced research programs   Total tertiary   Tertiary-type B (vocational) programs Tertiary-type A (academic higher education) programs Advanced research programs
OECD average 6.4   3.9 6.5 17.5   8.7   6.2 8.7 21.1
OECD countries                      
Australia 21.5   19.5 21.7 26.3   24.4   19.9 24.7 36.9
Austria 15.1   2.0 16.0 24.9   19.4   11.1 19.8 27.5
Belgium 9.2   5.9 11.0 20.3   12.6   9.3 13.9 31.7
Canada1,2 6.5   4.0 7.0 20.2   13.2   9.8 13.7 39.2
Chile 0.3   0.2 0.2 10.4   0.9   0.7 0.9 10.8
Czech Republic     7.3   1.1 7.7 10.2
Denmark 5.4   8.6 4.7 11.3   9.6   13.5 8.7 19.7
Estonia 1.6   0.3 2.2 3.5   3.7   3.5 3.8 5.3
Finland 3.7   # 3.4 7.1   4.2   # 3.9 9.3
France     11.5   4.1 12.7 40.9
Germany   9.0   10.5   4.0 12.0
Greece3      
Hungary 3.7   0.4 3.9 5.8   4.3   0.5 4.5 7.0
Iceland 4.6   0.9 4.4 22.0   5.5   0.9 5.3 23.0
Ireland 7.1 4   7.1 4
Israel      
Italy     3.3   7.1 3.2 8.2
Japan 3.1   3.5 2.6 16.0   3.4   3.6 3.0 16.8
Korea     1.6   0.5 1.8 6.7
Luxembourg      
Mexico      
Netherlands3 3.8   # 3.9   7.2   # 7.3
New Zealand 14.6   18.1 12.4 34.5   26.5   27.8 25.1 49.8
Norway 2.3   1.0 2.3 5.3   8.0   3.5 7.3 29.1
Poland 0.8   0.1 0.8 2.4   0.8   0.1 0.8 2.4
Portugal 2.4   7.5 2.3 6.9   4.8   8.8 4.5 12.3
Slovak Republic 2.7   0.7 2.5 6.9   2.8   0.8 2.6 7.2
Slovenia 1.8   0.6 2.1 9.7   1.7   1.0 1.9 8.5
Spain 2.7   5.7 1.7 10.8   4.7   5.7 3.6 22.0
Sweden 6.4   0.4 6.0 21.9   9.4   3.9 8.8 25.9
Switzerland3 14.9   15.6 47.0   21.2   18.9 18.8 47.0
Turkey     0.7   0.1 1.0 2.8
United Kingdom 15.3   6.1 16.7 42.5   20.7   12.6 21.8 47.5
United States 3.5   1.1 3.4 28.1    
Non-OECD member countries                      
Argentina      
Brazil     0.3   0.2 0.3 2.0
China      
India      
Indonesia      
Russian Federation2,3     1.4   0.5 1.6
Saudi Arabia      
South Africa      
— Not available.
# Rounds to zero.
1 Year of reference 2008.
2 Excludes private institutions.
3 Percentage in total tertiary underestimated because of the exclusion of certain programs.
4 Total Tertiary includes data for Tertiary-type B (vocational) programs, Tertiary-type A (academic higher education) programs, and Advanced research programs.
NOTE: International enrollment constitutes the number of non-citizens studying in a country. Foreign enrollment constitutes the number of a country's citizens who are studying abroad in another country. International students enrolled as a percentage of all students (international plus domestic), foreign enrollments as a percentage of all students (foreign and national) and index of change in the number of foreign students. Reading the first column: 21.5% of all students in tertiary education in Australia are international students and 14.9% of all students in tertiary education in Switzerland are international students. According to country-specific immigration legislation and data availability constraints, student mobility is either defined on the basis of students' country of residence or the country where students received their prior education. The data presented in this table on student mobility represent the best available proxy of student mobility for each country. Reading the sixth column: 24.4% of all students in tertiary education in Australia are not Australian citizens, and 21.2% of all students in tertiary education in Switzerland are not Swiss citizens. Tertiary programs refer to post-secondary education and include both higher and vocational education/training. Apparent differences may not be statistically significant.
SOURCE: Data from Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). (2011). Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2011, table C3.1. Paris: Author.

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education