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Table A.2.02.
 
Foreign students enrolled in institutions of higher education in the United States, by continent, region, and selected countries of origin: Selected years, 1980-81 through 2007-08

  1980-81   1985-86   1990-91   1995-96   2000-01   2003-04   2004-05   2005-06   2006-07   2007-08
Continent, region, and country of origin Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent   Number Percent
Total 311,880 100.0   343,780 100.0   407,272 100.0   453,787 100.00   547,873 100.0   572,509 100.0   563,308 100.0   564,766 100.0   582,984 100.0   623,805 100.0
Africa 38,180 12.2   34,190 9.9   23,803 5.8   20,844 4.6   34,217 6.2   38,150 6.7   36,100 6.4   36,308 6.4   35,802 6.1   35,654 5.7
East Africa 6,260 2.0   6,730 2.0   7,592 1.9   7,596 1.7   13,516 2.5   14,831 2.6   13,675 2.4   13,635 2.4   13,374 2.3   12,664 2.0
Kenya 1,930 0.6   1,720 0.5   2,357 0.6   2,934 0.6   6,229 1.1   7,381 1.3   6,728 1.2   6,559 1.2   6,349 1.1   5,838 0.9
Central Africa 1,130 0.4   1,540 0.4   1,647 0.4   1,346 0.3   1,859 0.3   2,331 0.4   2,505 0.4   2,825 0.5   3,257 0.6   3,405 0.5
North Africa 7,310 2.3   5,980 1.7   4,541 1.1   3,422 0.8   5,184 0.9   4,487 0.8   3,898 0.7   3,770 0.7   3,700 0.6   3,858 0.6
Southern Africa 1,480 0.5   2,360 0.7   2,835 0.7   2,657 0.6   3,304 0.6   2,679 0.5   2,240 0.4   2,232 0.4   2,124 0.4   2,095 0.3
West Africa 22,000 7.1   17,580 5.1   7,178 1.8   5,818 1.3   10,346 1.9   13,821 2.4   13,782 2.4   13,846 2.5   13,344 2.3   13,632 2.2
Nigeria 17,350 5.6   13,710 4.0   3,714 0.9   2,093 0.5   3,820 0.7   6,140 1.1   6,335 1.1   6,192 1.1   5,943 1.0   6,222 1.0
                                                           
Asia 94,640 30.3   156,830 45.6   229,825 56.4   259,893 57.3   302,058 55.1   324,006 56.6   325,112 57.7   327,785 58.0   344,495 59.1   380,465 61.0
East Asia 51,650 16.6   80,720 23.5   146,017 35.9   166,717 36.7   189,371 34.6   189,874 33.2   192,561 34.2   197,576 35.0   204,023 35.0   223,306 35.8
China 2,770 0.9   13,980 4.1   39,597 9.7   39,613 8.7   59,939 10.9   61,765 10.8   62,523 11.1   62,582 11.1   67,723 11.6   81,127 13.0
Hong Kong 9,660 3.1   10,710 3.1   12,625 3.1   12,018 2.6   7,627 1.4   7,353 1.3   7,180 1.3   7,849 1.4   7,722 1.3   8,286 1.3
Japan 13,500 4.3   13,360 3.9   36,611 9.0   45,531 10.0   46,497 8.5   40,835 7.1   42,215 7.5   38,712 6.9   35,282 6.1   33,974 5.4
South Korea 6,150 2.0   18,660 5.4   23,362 5.7   36,231 8.0   45,685 8.3   52,484 9.2   53,358 9.5   59,022 10.5   62,392 10.7   69,124 11.1
Taiwan 19,460 6.2   23,770 6.9   33,531 8.2   32,702 7.2   28,566 5.2   26,178 4.6   25,914 4.6   27,876 4.9   29,094 5.0   29,001 4.6
South and Central Asia 14,540 4.7   25,800 7.5   42,366 10.4   45,401 10.0   71,765 13.1   98,138 17.1   97,961 17.4   94,965 16.8   104,457 17.9   117,001 18.8
India 9,250 3.0   16,070 4.7   28,857 7.1   31,743 7.0   54,664 10.0   79,736 13.9   80,466 14.3   76,503 13.5   83,833 14.4   94,563 15.2
Nepal 250 0.1   390 0.1   670 0.2   1,219 0.3   2,618 0.5   4,384 0.8   4,861 0.9   6,061 1.1   7,754 1.3   8,936 1.4
Pakistan 2,990 1.0   5,440 1.6   7,725 1.9   6,427 1.4   6,948 1.3   7,325 1.3   6,296 1.1   5,759 1.0   5,401 0.9   5,345 0.9
Southeast Asia 28,450 9.1   50,310 14.6   41,441 10.2   47,774 10.5   40,916 7.5   35,994 6.3   34,590 6.1   35,244 6.2   36,015 6.2   40,152 6.4
Indonesia 3,250 1.0   8,210 2.4   9,524 2.3   12,820 2.8   11,625 2.1   8,880 1.6   7,760 1.4   7,575 1.3   7,338 1.3   7,692 1.2
Malaysia 6,010 1.9   23,020 6.7   13,606 3.3   14,015 3.1   7,795 1.4   6,483 1.1   6,142 1.1   5,515 1.0   5,281 0.9   5,428 0.9
Philippines 3,390 1.1   3,920 1.1   4,273 1.0   3,127 0.7   3,139 0.6   3,467 0.6   3,531 0.6   3,758 0.7   3,730 0.6   4,170 0.7
Singapore 1,320 0.4   3,930 1.1   4,495 1.1   4,098 0.9   4,166 0.8   3,955 0.7   3,769 0.7   3,909 0.7   3,705 0.6   3,976 0.6
Thailand 6,550 2.1   6,940 2.0   7,092 1.7   12,165 2.7   11,187 2.0   8,937 1.6   8,637 1.5   8,765 1.6   8,886 1.5   9,004 1.4
Vietnam 6,490 2.1   3,270 1.0   1,396 0.3   922 0.2   2,022 0.4   3,165 0.6   3,670 0.7   4,597 0.8   6,036 1.0   8,769 1.4
                                                           
Europe1 28,650 9.2   38,910 11.3   55,422 13.6   76,855 16.9   93,784 17.1   87,094 15.2   85,409 15.2   84,697 15.0   82,731 14.2   83,981 13.5
Cyprus1 720 0.2   2,140 0.6   1,710 0.4   1,819 0.4   2,217 0.4   1,562 0.3   1,326 0.2   1,111 0.2   877 0.2   782 0.1
France 2,570 0.8   3,680 1.1   5,633 1.4   5,710 1.3   7,273 1.3   6,818 1.2   6,555 1.2   6,640 1.2   6,704 1.1   7,050 1.1
Germany2 3,310 1.1   4,730 1.4   7,003 1.7   9,017 2.0   10,128 1.8   8,745 1.5   8,640 1.5   8,829 1.6   8,656 1.5   8,907 1.4
Greece 3,750 1.2   4,440 1.3   4,357 1.1   3,365 0.7   2,768 0.5   2,126 0.4   2,035 0.4   2,088 0.4   1,986 0.3   1,981 0.3
Spain 950 0.3   1,740 0.5   4,304 1.1   4,809 1.1   4,156 0.8   3,631 0.6   3,512 0.6   3,455 0.6   3,575 0.6   3,660 0.6
Turkey1 2,600 0.8   2,460 0.7   4,078 1.0   7,678 1.7   10,983 2.0   11,398 2.0   12,474 2.2   11,622 2.1   11,506 2.0   12,030 1.9
United Kingdom 4,440 1.4   5,940 1.7   7,298 1.8   7,799 1.7   8,139 1.5   8,439 1.5   8,236 1.5   8,274 1.5   8,438 1.4   8,367 1.3
                                                           
Latin America 49,810 16.0   45,480 13.2   47,318 11.6   47,253 10.4   63,634 11.6   69,658 12.2   66,087 11.7   64,769 11.5   64,579 11.1   64,473 10.3
Caribbean 10,650 3.4   11,100 3.2   12,349 3.0   10,737 2.4   14,423 2.6   15,606 2.7   13,898 2.5   13,855 2.5   13,854 2.4   12,739 2.0
Central America 12,970 4.2   12,740 3.7   15,949 3.9   14,220 3.1   16,764 3.1   19,264 3.4   19,227 3.4   19,709 3.5   19,743 3.4   20,800 3.3
Mexico 6,730 2.2   5,460 1.6   6,739 1.7   8,687 1.9   10,670 1.9   13,329 2.3   13,063 2.3   13,931 2.5   13,826 2.4   14,837 2.4
South America 26,190 8.4   21,640 6.3   19,019 4.7   22,296 4.9   32,447 5.9   34,788 6.1   32,962 5.9   31,205 5.5   30,982 5.3   30,932 5.0
Brazil 2,870 0.9   2,840 0.8   3,898 1.0   5,497 1.2   8,846 1.6   7,799 1.4   7,244 1.3   7,009 1.2   7,126 1.2   7,578 1.2
Colombia 3,930 1.3   4,010 1.2   3,183 0.8   3,462 0.8   6,765 1.2   7,533 1.3   7,334 1.3   6,835 1.2   6,750 1.2   6,662 1.1
Venezuela 11,750 3.8   7,040 2.0   2,894 0.7   4,456 1.0   5,217 1.0   5,575 1.0   5,279 0.9   4,792 0.8   4,523 0.8   4,446 0.7
Middle East1 81,390 26.1   48,120 14.0   27,636 6.8   21,066 4.6   23,658 4.3   18,892 3.3   17,448 3.1   17,806 3.2   22,321 3.8   24,755 4.0
Iran 47,550 15.2   14,210 4.1   6,262 1.5   2,628 0.6   1,844 0.3   2,321 0.4   2,251 0.4   2,420 0.4   2,795 0.5   3,060 0.5
Israel 2,710 0.9   2,600 0.8   2,977 0.7   2,637 0.6   3,402 0.6   3,474 0.6   3,323 0.6   3,419 0.6   3,269 0.6   3,004 0.5
Jordan 6,140 2.0   6,590 1.9   4,321 1.1   2,222 0.5   2,187 0.4   1,853 0.3   1,754 0.3   1,733 0.3   1,726 0.3   1,799 0.3
Kuwait 2,990 1.0   3,810 1.1   1,624 0.4   3,035 0.7   3,045 0.6   1,846 0.3   1,720 0.3   1,703 0.3   1,633 0.3   1,823 0.3
Lebanon 6,770 2.2   7,090 2.1   3,899 1.0   1,554 0.3   2,005 0.4   2,179 0.4   2,040 0.4   1,950 0.3   1,852 0.3   1,807 0.3
Saudi Arabia 10,440 3.3   6,900 2.0   3,584 0.9   4,191 0.9   5,273 1.0   3,521 0.6   3,035 0.5   3,448 0.6   7,886 1.4   9,873 1.6
                                                           
North America3 14,790 4.7   16,030 4.7   18,949 4.7   23,644 5.2   25,888 4.7   27,650 4.8   28,634 5.1   28,699 5.1   28,756 4.9   29,472 4.7
Canada 14,320 4.6   15,410 4.5   18,350 4.5   23,005 5.1   25,279 4.6   27,017 4.7   28,140 5.0   28,202 5.0   28,280 4.9   29,051 4.7
                                                           
Oceania 4,180 1.3   4,030 1.2   4,230 1.0   4,202 0.9   4,624 0.8   4,534 0.8   4,481 0.8   4,702 0.8   4,300 0.7   5,005 0.8
Australia 1,530 0.5   1,530 0.4   1,906 0.5   2,244 0.5   2,645 0.5   2,706 0.5   2,659 0.5   2,806 0.5   2,797 0.5   3,088 0.5
                                                           
Unidentified4 240 0.1   190 0.1   89 #   30 #   10 #   19 #   37 #   # #   # #   # #
#Rounds to zero.
1Cyprus and Turkey were classified as being in the Middle East prior to 2004-05, but in Europe for 2004-05 and later years. Data for years prior to 2004-05 have been revised for comparability.
2Data for 1980-81 and 1985-86 are for West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany before unification).
3Excludes Mexico and Central America, which are included with Latin America.
4Home country unknown or undeclared.
NOTE: Includes students enrolled in American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Totals and subtotals include other countries not shown separately. Data are for "nonimmigrants" (i.e., students who have not migrated to this country). Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Data from the Institute of International Education. Snyder, T.D., and Dillow, S.A. (2010). Digest of Education Statistics 2009 (NCES 2010-013), table 418. National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S Department of Education. Washington, DC.

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