Service-Learning and Community Service in K-12 Public Schools
NCES: 1999043
September 1999


Corporation for National Service. (1999). "Research: History of National Service." Available from

Dewey, John. (1916). Democracy and Education: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Education. New York, NY: Macmillan.

Kraft, Richard J. (1996). Service Learning: An Introduction to Its Theory, Practice, and Effects. "Education and Urban Society," Vol. 28, No. 2 (February), pp. 131-159.

Newmann, Fred M. and Rutter, Robert A. (1985). A Profile of High School Community Service Programs. "Educational Leadership" (December/ January), pp. 65 -71.

U. S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. (1997). Student Participation in Community Service Activity, NCES 97-331, by Mary Jo Nolin, Bradford Chaney, and Chris Chapman. Project Officer, Kathryn Chandler, Washington, DC.

U. S. Department of Education. (1999). "Schoolwide programs." Available from

University of Colorado (1998). "What is Service-Learning?" Available from