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Table SA12. Standard errors for table A12: Percentage of participants in formal work-related courses who reported various reasons for participation, by selected characteristics: 2002–03
Characteristic Reason for participation in formal courses
To maintain
or improve
skills or
knowledge
To obtain
new skills or
knowledge
To advance in
or change job
or career
To obtain or
keep a state
or industry
certificate
or license
Employer
required or recom-
mended course
Total 0.53 0.82 0.96 0.94 0.90
Sex          
Male 0.81 1.28 1.44 1.44 1.36
Female 0.83 1.07 1.20 1.16 1.13
Race/ethnicity          
White 0.66 0.88 1.03 1.09 0.95
Black 1.55 2.26 2.76 2.52 2.84
Hispanic 2.29 2.59 4.03 2.94 3.63
Other 2.47 4.55 3.96 3.55 4.55
Age as of 2002          
16–24 years 2.64 2.23 3.74 2.94 3.87
25–34 years 1.51 1.37 1.96 2.22 1.86
35–44 years 1.02 1.80 1.88 2.03 1.81
45–54 years 0.93 1.70 1.64 1.54 1.75
55–64 years 1.28 2.14 1.81 1.84 2.34
65 years or older 2.88 3.28 1.73 3.35 3.05
Highest level of education attainment          
High school diploma or less 1.67 1.97 2.14 2.22 1.96
Some college but no degree 1.41 1.74 2.19 1.84 1.76
Vocational/associate's degree 1.23 2.03 2.90 2.83 2.59
Bachelor's degree 0.80 1.47 1.57 1.67 1.53
Graduate or professional degree 0.69 2.05 1.53 1.87 1.68
Employment status in the past 12 months          
Full-time 0.54 1.01 1.06 1.07 1.07
Part-time 1.91 1.84 2.73 2.40 2.70
Not employed 2.77 3.76 3.32 3.72
Months employed in the past 12 months          
12 months 0.56 0.99 1.00 1.04 0.99
1–11 months 1.56 1.68 2.38 2.10 2.20
Not in the labor force 2.77 3.76 3.32 3.72
Occupation          
Professional/managerial 0.45 1.22 1.28 1.23 1.21
Sales/service/clerical 1.02 1.38 1.71 1.41 1.37
Trade and labor 2.58 2.92 3.12 3.08 2.68
Size of employer          
Fewer than 25 employees 1.51 1.71 1.93 2.21 2.12
25–99 employees 1.26 2.22 2.98 2.56 2.65
100–499 employees 2.19 2.24 2.54 2.71 2.18
500 or more employees 0.71 1.27 1.32 1.21 1.15
Continuing education required for occupation          
Yes 0.75 1.18 1.36 1.50 1.39
No 0.76 1.09 1.13 1.00 1.19
† Not applicable.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Adult Education for Work-Related Reasons Survey of the 2003 National Household Education Surveys Program.

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