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Table A12. Percentage of participants in formal work-related courses who reported various reasons for participation, by selected characteristics: 2002–03
Characteristic Reason for participation in formal courses
To maintain
or improve
skills or
knowledge
To obtain
new skills or
knowledge
To advance in
or change job
or career
To obtain or
keep a state
or industry
certificate
or license
Employer
required or
recom-
mended
course
  Total92.176.528.533.366.6
Sex
Male92.572.727.934.966.4
Female91.780.029.031.966.7
Race/ethnicity1
White92.275.125.233.567.3
Black93.185.039.539.164.6
Hispanic91.482.841.228.266.6
Other89.869.532.127.460.4
Age as of 2002
16–24 years85.385.646.824.667.0
25–34 years92.380.435.131.873.5
35–44 years93.075.126.834.570.8
45–54 years94.475.022.036.062.9
55–64 years93.768.221.635.261.3
65 years or older84.072.79.836.230.8
Highest level of education attainment
High school diploma or less86.978.739.632.965.2
Some college but no degree90.777.231.931.368.5
Vocational/associateís degree95.883.127.737.771.0
Bachelorís degree94.574.522.832.069.8
Graduate or professional degree95.472.118.035.560.1
Employment status in the past
12 months
Full-time94.275.825.733.473.7
Part-time89.182.134.433.858.8
Not employed82.978.038.433.8
Months employed in the past
12 months
12 months94.175.426.034.171.4
1–11 months87.680.034.630.568.2
Not in the labor force82.978.038.433.8
Occupation2
Professional/managerial96.374.821.135.167.8
Sales/service/clerical90.678.634.230.172.4
Trade and labor87.075.431.336.974.9
Size of employer2
Fewer than 25 employees91.375.229.344.941.5
25–99 employees93.875.726.936.472.1
100–499 employees89.378.728.032.073.9
500 or more employees93.976.427.528.880.1
Continuing education required for
occupation
Yes94.578.127.651.564.7
No90.475.429.120.068.0
Not applicable.
1 Black includes African American, Hispanic includes Latino, and Other includes Asian/Pacific Islander, American Indian/ Alaska Native, those with more than one race, and those of other (unspecified) race. Race categories exclude Hispanic origin unless specified.
2 Includes only adults who worked in the past 12 months.
NOTE: The estimates in this table were based on the responses given for up to four courses by each participant. Detail may sum to greater than 100 percent because participants may have taken more than one course for different reasons.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Adult Education for Work-Related Reasons Survey of the 2003 National Household Education Surveys Program.

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education