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Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: 2006

The Common Core of Data (CCD) is an annual collection of public elementary and secondary education data administered by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and its collection agent, the U.S. Census Bureau. Data for CCD surveys are provided by state education agencies (SEAs). This indicator presents findings on public education revenues and expenditures using fiscal year (FY) 2006 data from the National Public Education Financial Survey (NPEFS) of the CCD survey system. Programs included in the NPEFS include regular, special, and vocational education; charter schools (if they reported data to the SEA); and state-run education programs (such as special education centers or education programs for incarcerated youth).

Revenues

Approximately $520.6 billion was collected in revenues for public elementary and secondary education in the 50 states and the District of Columbia in fiscal year 2006 (FY 06) (table 1). The greatest percentage of revenues came from state and local governments, which together provided $473.1 billion, or 90.9 percent of all revenues; the federal government’s contribution was $47.6 billion, or 9.1 percent of all revenues (figure 1).

Figure 1. Percentage distribution of revenues for public elementary and secondary education in the United States, by source: Fiscal year 2006


Percentage distribution of revenues for public elementary and secondary education in the United States, by source: Fiscal year 2006

SOURCE: Figure 1 in Zhou, L. (2008). Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2005–06 (Fiscal Year 2006) (NCES 2008-328). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.

Table 1. Revenues and percentage distribution of revenues for public elementary and secondary education, by source and state or jurisdiction: Fiscal year 2006


  Revenues [in thousands of dollars]   Percentage distribution
State or jurisdiction Total Local1 State Federal   Local1 State Federal
United States2  $520,643,954 $230,939,051 $242,151,076 $47,553,827 44.4 46.5 9.1
 
Alabama  6,346,033 2,040,115 3,547,078 758,840 32.1 55.9 12.0
Alaska  1,712,601 416,227 1,005,181 291,193 24.3 58.7 17.0
Arizona  8,833,520 3,520,951 4,272,320 1,040,249 39.9 48.4 11.8
Arkansas  4,282,506 1,364,486 2,432,920 485,100 31.9 56.8 11.3
California  63,785,872 19,048,880 37,847,078 6,889,913 29.9 59.3 10.8
 
Colorado  7,269,475 3,648,933 3,089,571 530,970 50.2 42.5 7.3
Connecticut  8,711,814 4,942,541 3,351,644 417,629 56.7 38.5 4.8
Delaware  1,533,399 436,604 969,854 126,940 28.5 63.2 8.3
District of Columbia3  1,201,091 1,054,392 146,698 87.8 12.2
Florida  24,816,807 12,518,858 9,795,679 2,502,270 50.4 39.5 10.1
 
Georgia  16,117,459 7,474,154 7,155,591 1,487,715 46.4 44.4 9.2
Hawaii3  2,703,718 48,403 2,431,735 223,580 1.8 89.9 8.3
Idaho  1,909,489 629,337 1,073,734 206,418 33.0 56.2 10.8
Illinois  22,344,947 13,858,385 6,619,663 1,866,900 62.0 29.6 8.4
Indiana  11,211,313 4,935,499 5,504,585 771,230 44.0 49.1 6.9
 
Iowa  4,734,934 2,169,503 2,158,230 407,201 45.8 45.6 8.6
Kansas  4,934,817 1,798,263 2,692,219 444,335 36.4 54.6 9.0
Kentucky  5,909,930 1,835,133 3,383,793 691,004 31.1 57.3 11.7
Louisiana  6,760,714 2,576,922 2,933,287 1,250,505 38.1 43.4 18.5
Maine  2,372,152 1,133,513 1,004,899 233,741 47.8 42.4 9.9
 
Maryland  10,680,716 5,828,189 4,189,323 663,204 54.6 39.2 6.2
Massachusetts  13,850,962 6,571,045 6,507,612 772,305 47.4 47.0 5.6
Michigan  18,978,793 6,158,717 11,259,666 1,560,410 32.5 59.3 8.2
Minnesota  9,191,384 2,052,372 6,543,838 595,175 22.3 71.2 6.5
Mississippi  4,132,345 1,166,890 2,108,727 856,727 28.2 51.0 20.7
 
Missouri  8,908,447 5,131,324 2,982,806 794,318 57.6 33.5 8.9
Montana  1,372,561 546,073 633,923 192,565 39.8 46.2 14.0
Nebraska  2,972,026 1,728,024 946,683 297,318 58.1 31.9 10.0
Nevada  3,696,968 2,474,464 958,743 263,761 66.9 25.9 7.1
New Hampshire  2,363,964 1,307,123 926,256 130,585 55.3 39.2 5.5
 
New Jersey  22,799,624 12,155,282 9,642,530 1,001,813 53.3 42.3 4.4
New Mexico  3,148,752 451,153 2,241,203 456,396 14.3 71.2 14.5
New York  46,776,452 23,533,105 19,859,481 3,383,866 50.3 42.5 7.2
North Carolina  11,137,110 2,971,285 6,966,133 1,199,692 26.7 62.5 10.8
North Dakota  958,109 459,781 347,093 151,235 48.0 36.2 15.8
 
Ohio  21,106,426 10,285,836 9,217,115 1,603,474 48.7 43.7 7.6
Oklahoma  4,859,546 1,618,449 2,591,377 649,719 33.3 53.3 13.4
Oregon  5,427,586 2,160,833 2,737,046 529,706 39.8 50.4 9.8
Pennsylvania  22,683,987 12,815,649 8,028,829 1,839,508 56.5 35.4 8.1
Rhode Island  2,047,019 1,049,791 840,435 156,794 51.3 41.1 7.7
 
South Carolina  6,706,259 2,990,559 3,033,281 682,419 44.6 45.2 10.2
South Dakota  1,094,021 551,962 361,531 180,528 50.5 33.0 16.5
Tennessee  7,307,380 3,385,282 3,105,334 816,764 46.3 42.5 11.2
Texas  39,691,436 21,496,767 13,421,855 4,772,813 54.2 33.8 12.0
Utah  3,441,688 1,214,036 1,897,355 330,297 35.3 55.1 9.6
 
Vermont  1,348,836 92,275 1,154,694 101,868 6.8 85.6 7.6
Virginia  12,922,017 6,942,601 5,112,423 866,993 53.7 39.6 6.7
Washington  9,759,939 2,948,407 5,933,610 877,922 30.2 60.8 9.0
West Virginia  2,910,905 821,067 1,739,376 350,462 28.2 59.8 12.0
Wisconsin  9,726,952 4,053,773 5,086,692 586,486 41.7 52.3 6.0
Wyoming  1,149,155 525,837 507,043 116,274 45.8 44.1 10.1
 
Other jurisdictions 
American Samoa  86,082 89 15,856 70,136 0.1 18.4 81.5
Guam  207,709 154,679 53,030 74.5 25.5
Commonwealth of the
Northern Mariana Islands 
66,905 322 37,210 29,372 0.5 55.6 43.9
Puerto Rico  2,917,236 133 1,984,178 932,924 # 68.0 32.0
U.S. Virgin Islands  193,291 152,997 40,294 79.2 20.8
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
1 Local revenues include intermediate revenues.
2 U.S. totals include the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
3 Both the District of Columbia and Hawaii have only one school district each; therefore, neither is comparable to other states. Local revenues in Hawaii consist almost entirely of student fees and charges for services, such as food services, summer school, and student activities.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Table 1 in Zhou, L. Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2005-06 (Fiscal Year 2006) (NCES 2008-328). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.


Expenditures

Current expenditures per pupil for public elementary and secondary education were $9,154 in FY 06, including $6,029 on instruction and instruction-related activities (table 2). Adjusting for inflation1, current expenditures per pupil have grown 25.1 percent since FY 95 ($7,315) and 51.0 percent since FY 85 ($6,062) (data not shown).

Table 2. Student membership and current expenditures per pupil for public elementary and secondary education, by function and state or jurisdiction: Fiscal year 2006


State or jurisdiction Fall 2005 student membership   Current expenditures1 per pupil
Total   Instruction and
Instruction-
related2
  Student support services3   Administration   Operations  
United States4  49,113,474 5  $9,154 5,6  $6,029 5,6  $476 5,6  $991 5,6  $1,659 5,6 
       
Alabama  741,758   7,683   4,871   395   836   1,580  
Alaska  133,288   11,476   7,186   724   1,278   2,288  
Arizona  1,094,454   6,515   4,191 6  366 6  688 6  1,270 6 
Arkansas  474,206   8,030   5,345 6  368 6  865 6  1,453 6 
California  6,437,202 5  8,301 5  5,569 5,6  382 5,6  995 5,6  1,355 5,6 
             
Colorado  779,826   8,166   5,010   358   1,446   1,352  
Connecticut  575,059   13,072   8,701 6  786 6  1,286 6  2,298 6 
Delaware  120,937   11,621   7,166   555   1,532   2,369  
District of Columbia7  76,876   13,752   8,142 6  863 6  1,703 6  3,044 6 
Florida  2,675,024   7,812   5,146 6  368 6  727 6  1,572 6 
             
Georgia  1,598,461   8,595   5,848 6  410 6  906 6  1,431 6 
Hawaii7  182,818   9,876   6,253   1,184   1,013   1,425  
Idaho  261,982   6,469   4,266 6  362 6  634 6  1,208 6 
Illinois  2,111,706   9,113   5,789 6  577 6  1,087 6  1,661 6 
Indiana  1,035,074   8,929   5,646 6  393 6  1,040 6  1,849 6 
             
Iowa  483,482   8,355   5,390   494   996   1,475  
Kansas  467,285   8,644   5,575   487   1,000   1,582  
Kentucky  679,878   7,668   4,989   316   764   1,600  
Louisiana  654,526   8,486   5,373 6  349 6  864 6  1,899 6 
Maine  195,498   10,841   7,505 6  401 6  992 6  1,943  
             
Maryland  860,020   10,909   7,268 6  455 6  1,145 6  2,040  
Massachusetts  971,909   12,564   8,777 6  690 6  1,081   2,016  
Michigan  1,741,845   9,577   5,896   695   1,220   1,767  
Minnesota  839,243   9,159   6,320 6  245 6  961 6  1,633 6 
Mississippi  494,954   7,173   4,580 6  324 6  745 6  1,523 6 
             
Missouri  917,705   8,273   5,391   390   869   1,624  
Montana  145,416   8,626   5,553   464   949   1,660  
Nebraska  286,646   9,324   6,223   391   1,012   1,698  
Nevada  412,395   7,177   4,585   271   1,086   1,235  
New Hampshire  205,767   10,396   7,029   713   1,010   1,644  
             
New Jersey  1,395,602   14,954   9,327   1,349   1,453   2,826  
New Mexico  326,758   8,354   5,087   806   921   1,540  
New York  2,815,581   14,615   10,521 6  468 6  1,227 6  2,399 6 
North Carolina  1,416,436   7,396   4,871   401   824   1,300  
North Dakota  98,283   8,728   5,561   349   993   1,824  
             
Ohio  1,839,683   9,692   6,175   580   1,266   1,671  
Oklahoma  634,739   6,941   4,213   449   780   1,499  
Oregon  552,194   8,645   5,419   611   1,194   1,422  
Pennsylvania  1,830,684   10,723   6,994   520   1,175   2,034  
Rhode Island  153,422   12,609   8,194 6  1,502 6  1,067 6  1,846 6 
             
South Carolina  701,544   8,120   5,273   558   808   1,482  
South Dakota  122,012   7,775   4,841   428   953   1,554  
Tennessee  953,928   7,004 6  4,894 6  238   637   1,235  
Texas  4,525,394   7,480   4,861 6  363 6  795 6  1,461 6 
Utah  508,430   5,464   3,709   202   513   1,040  
             
Vermont  96,638   12,805   8,624   948   1,444   1,789  
Virginia  1,214,472   9,445   6,390   452   836   1,767  
Washington  1,031,985   7,984 6  5,099 6  509   920   1,457  
West Virginia  280,866   9,440   6,020 6  337 6  898 6  2,185 6 
Wisconsin  875,174   9,993   6,608   457   1,263   1,665  
Wyoming  84,409   11,437   7,397   672   1,294 2,073  
             
Other jurisdictions             
American Samoa  16,399   3,570   2,243   142   260   925  
Guam  30,986   6,781   4,061 6  741   728   1,251  
Commonwealth of the
Northern Mariana Islands 
11,718   4,924   4,018 6  91 6  227 6  588 6 
Puerto Rico  563,490   5,470   3,887   273   185   1,125  
U.S. Virgin Islands  16,750   8,768   5,936   533   1,112   1,188  
1 Include instruction, instruction-related, support services, and other elementary/secondary current expenditures, but exclude expenditures on capital outlay, other programs, and interest on long-term debt.
2 Include current expenditures for classroom instruction (including teachers and teaching assistants), libraries, in-service teacher training, curriculum development, student assessment, and instruction technology.
3 Include attendance and social work, guidance, health, psychological services, speech pathology, audiology, and other student support services.
4 U.S. totals include the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
5 The prekindergarten student membership was imputed, affecting the total student count and per pupil expenditures calculation.
6 Value affected by redistribution of reported expenditure values to correct for missing data items, and/or to distribute state direct support expenditures.
7 Both the District of Columbia and Hawaii have only one school district each; therefore, neither is comparable to other states.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Table 6 in Zhou, L. Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2005-06 (Fiscal Year 2006) (NCES 2008-328). U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics.



1Data have been adjusted to fiscal year 2006 dollars. See Appendix A in Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2005-06 (Fiscal Year 2006) for more information on inflation-adjusted data.

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