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Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: 2005

The Common Core of Data (CCD) is an annual collection of public elementary and secondary education data administered by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) and its collection agent, the U.S. Census Bureau. Data for CCD surveys are provided by state education agencies (SEAs). This indicator presents findings on public education revenues and expenditures using fiscal year (FY) 2005 data from the National Public Education Financial Survey (NPEFS) of the CCD survey system. Programs included in the NPEFS include regular, special, and vocational education; charter schools (if they reported data to the SEA); and state-run education programs (such as special education centers or education programs for incarcerated youth).

Revenues

Approximately $487.8 billion was collected in revenues for public elementary and secondary education in the 50 states and the District of Columbia in fiscal year 2005 (FY 05) (table 1). The greatest percentage of revenues came from state and local governments, which together provided $443.0 billion, or 90.8 percent of all revenues; the federal governmentís contribution was $44.8 billion, or 9.2 percent of all revenues (figure 1).

Figure 1. Percentage distribution of revenues for public elementary and secondary education in the United States, by source: Fiscal year 2005


Percentage of 1992–93 bachelorís degree recipients who had enrolled in a graduate degree program by 2003, by undergraduate major and graduate degree program


Table 1. Revenues and percentage distribution of revenues for public elementary and secondary education, by source and state or jurisdiction: Fiscal year 2005



 
    Revenues [in thousands of dollars]   Percentage distribution
State or jurisdiction    Total   Local1   State   Federal   Local1 State Federal
United States2  $487,761,164 3  $214,389,438 3  $228,562,195 $44,809,532   44.0 46.9 9.2
 
Alabama  5,861,380 1,906,607 3,253,486 701,287   32.5 55.5 12.0
Alaska  1,679,646 418,199 957,820 303,626   24.9 57.0 18.1
Arizona  8,151,688 3  3,301,561 3  3,898,118 952,009   40.5 47.8 11.7
Arkansas  4,034,796 1,235,669 2,349,685 449,442   30.6 58.2 11.1
California  59,481,350 17,588,882 35,234,574 6,657,894   29.6 59.2 11.2
 
Colorado  6,911,807 3,475,507 2,954,905 481,395   50.3 42.8 7.0
Connecticut  8,015,309 4,527,506 3,062,150 425,653   56.5 38.2 5.3
Delaware   1,376,724 395,278 851,355 130,091   28.7 61.8 9.4
District of Columbia4  1,285,489 1,126,022 159,467   87.6 12.4
Florida  22,633,476 10,720,541 9,533,209 2,379,726   47.4 42.1 10.5
 
Georgia  14,726,455 6,848,011 6,466,311 1,412,133   46.5 43.9 9.6
Hawaii4  2,274,165 50,578 1,986,614 236,974   2.2 87.4 10.4
Idaho  1,816,509 576,766 1,043,927 195,816   31.8 57.5 10.8
Illinois  21,281,907 12,683,909 6,758,417 1,839,581   59.6 31.8 8.6
Indiana  11,278,665 5,214,024 5,326,048 738,593   46.2 47.2 6.5
 
Iowa  4,481,531 2,055,162 2,051,947 374,422   45.9 45.8 8.4
Kansas  4,468,190 1,582,904 2,431,195 454,091   35.4 54.4 10.2
Kentucky  5,379,257 1,671,516 3,049,129 658,612   31.1 56.7 12.2
Louisiana  6,057,201 2,337,820 2,878,017 841,364   38.6 47.5 13.9
Maine  2,308,518 1,135,119 946,282 227,117   49.2 41.0 9.8
 
Maryland  9,886,032 5,496,485 3,729,271 660,276   55.6 37.7 6.7
Massachusetts  12,735,802 6,525,322 5,442,172 768,309   51.2 42.7 6.0
Michigan  18,365,247 5,776,655 11,043,486 1,545,106   31.5 60.1 8.4
Minnesota  8,687,246 2,069,248 6,050,153 567,845   23.8 69.6 6.5
Mississippi  3,642,050 1,099,730 1,965,158 577,162   30.2 54.0 15.8
 
Missouri  8,373,954 4,768,959 2,859,179 745,815   56.9 34.1 8.9
Montana  1,293,161 514,077 584,289 194,794   39.8 45.2 15.1
Nebraska  2,800,202 1,633,416 877,246 289,540   58.3 31.3 10.3
Nevada  3,393,152 2,215,988 920,244 256,921   65.3 27.1 7.6
New Hampshire  2,242,384 1,236,214 879,428 126,743   55.1 39.2 5.7
 
New Jersey  21,738,449 11,331,905 9,450,496 956,048   52.1 43.5 4.4
New Mexico  3,049,760 413,289 2,133,707 502,763   13.6 70.0 16.5
New York  43,649,605 21,682,869 18,768,008 3,198,727   49.7 43.0 7.3
North Carolina  10,446,941 2,760,943 6,552,886 1,133,112   26.4 62.7 10.8
North Dakota  920,566 431,813 340,259 148,495   46.9 37.0 16.1
 
Ohio  19,912,038 9,633,419 8,752,118 1,526,501   48.4 44.0 7.7
Oklahoma  4,621,537 1,520,859 2,466,399 634,278   32.9 53.4 13.7
Oregon  4,999,669 2,052,095 2,439,989 507,585   41.0 48.8 10.2
Pennsylvania  21,439,695 11,937,783 7,717,500 1,784,412   55.7 36.0 8.3
Rhode Island  1,878,044 1,002,573 725,609 149,862   53.4 38.6 8.0
 
South Carolina  6,267,520 2,768,595 2,837,312 661,614   44.2 45.3 10.6
South Dakota  1,061,844 526,012 355,969 179,863   49.5 33.5 16.9
Tennessee  6,942,997 3,153,736 2,998,090 791,171   45.4 43.2 11.4
Texas  36,798,422 19,466,061 13,214,827 4,117,534   52.9 35.9 11.2
Utah  3,227,340 1,126,268 1,775,126 325,946   34.9 55.0 10.1
 
Vermont  1,283,411 97,823 1,090,538 95,050   7.6 85.0 7.4
Virginia  11,990,159 6,292,194 4,871,156 826,809   52.5 40.6 6.9
Washington  9,266,940 2,761,736 5,629,205 875,999   29.8 60.7 9.5
West Virginia  2,779,795 766,318 1,684,324 329,154   27.6 60.6 11.8
Wisconsin  9,432,162 4,036,880 4,789,269 606,013   42.8 50.8 6.4
Wyoming  1,130,977 438,594 585,593 106,791   38.8 51.8 9.4
 
Other jurisdictions
American Samoa   86,909 1,900 16,589 68,421   2.2 19.1 78.7
Guam    
Northern Mariana Islands  63,700 799 37,210 25,691   1.3 58.4 40.3
Puerto Rico   3,017,121 130 2,125,381 891,609   # 70.4 29.6
U.S. Virgin Islands   191,280 152,542 0 38,738   79.7 0.0 20.3
— Not available.
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
1 Local revenues include intermediate revenues.
2 U.S. totals include the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
3 Value affected by redistribution of reported values to correct for missing data items.
4 Both the District of Columbia and Hawaii have only one school district each; therefore, neither is comparable to other states. Local revenues in Hawaii consist almost entirely of student fees and charges for services, such as food services, summer school, and student activities.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey (NPEFS)," fiscal year 2005, Version 1a.


Expenditures

Current expenditures per pupil for public elementary and secondary education were $8,701 in FY 05, including $5,737 on instruction and instruction-related activities (table 2). Adjusting for inflation,1 current expenditures per pupil have grown 23.5 percent since FY 95 ($7,047) and 38.9 percent since FY 85 ($6,263) (data not shown).

Table 2. Student membership and current expenditures per pupil for public elementary and secondary education, by function and state: Fiscal year 2005



 
    Current expenditures1 per pupil
State or jurisdiction  Fall 2004 student membership   Total   Instruction
and instruction-
related2
  Student
support services3
  Administration   Operations  
United States4  48,794,911 5  $8,701 5,6  $5,737 5,6  $453 5  $958 5  $1,552 5 
 
Alabama  730,140 7,073 4,512 353 754 1,454
Alaska  132,970 10,847 6,813 682 1,206 2,146
Arizona  1,043,298 6,184 3,869 345 753 1,218
Arkansas  463,115 7,659 5,101 346 854 1,357
California  6,441,557 5  7,905 5  5,310 5  364 5  973 5  1,258 5 
 
Colorado  765,976 7,826 4,826 340 1,344 1,316
Connecticut  577,390 12,263 8,208 708 1,219 2,126
Delaware  119,091 10,911 6,619 519 1,481 2,291
District of Columbia7  76,714 13,348 8,105 687 1,812 2,744
Florida  2,639,336 7,215 4,707 347 706 1,456
 
Georgia  1,553,437 8,065 5,516 378 845 1,327
Hawaii7  183,185 8,997 5,880 989 915 1,212
Idaho  256,084 6,319 4,173 354 625 1,168
Illinois  2,097,503 8,896 5,698 562 1,061 1,575
Indiana  1,021,348 8,919 5,680 396 1,042 1,801
 
Iowa  478,319 7,962 5,252 463 889 1,357
Kansas  469,136 7,926 5,064 457 938 1,466
Kentucky  674,796 7,132 4,681 283 715 1,453
Louisiana  724,281 7,669 4,998 335 787 1,550
Maine  198,820 10,342 7,244 361 942 1,795
 
Maryland  865,561 10,031 6,724 430 1,018 1,859
Massachusetts  975,574 11,642 7,968 713 1,057 1,904
Michigan  1,750,919 9,340 5,767 672 1,213 1,688
Minnesota  838,503 8,718 6,063 242 864 1,550
Mississippi  495,376 6,548 4,230 313 705 1,300
 
Missouri  905,449 7,858 6  5,131 6  377 839 1,510
Montana  146,705 8,133 5,275 436 900 1,522
Nebraska  285,761 8,794 5,877 370 933 1,614
Nevada  400,083 6,804 4,511 255 889 1,149
New Hampshire  206,852 9,771 6,631 658 952 1,530
 
New Jersey  1,393,347 14,117 8,827 1,267 1,393 2,630
New Mexico  326,102 7,834 4,749 776 866 1,442
New York  2,836,337 13,703 9,796 457 1,226 2,225
North Carolina  1,385,754 6,904 4,516 375 813 1,200
North Dakota  100,513 7,829 4,860 324 943 1,701
 
Ohio  1,840,032 9,330 5,930 558 1,268 1,573
Oklahoma  629,476 6,610 4,020 433 743 1,414
Oregon  552,322 8,071 5,053 554 1,140 1,325
Pennsylvania  1,828,089 10,235 6,707 492 1,114 1,922
Rhode Island  156,498 11,667 7,798 1,182 1,018 1,669
 
South Carolina  703,736 7,549 4,970 521 735 1,324
South Dakota  122,798 7,464 4,673 413 927 1,451
Tennessee  941,091 6,850 6  4,803 6  229 625 1,193
Texas  4,405,215 7,246 4,729 354 782 1,380
Utah  503,607 5,216 3,554 192 497 972
 
Vermont  98,352 11,972 8,096 865 1,354 1,657
Virginia  1,204,739 8,886 6,015 422 795 1,654
Washington  1,020,005 7,717 6  4,945 6  485 879 1,408
West Virginia  280,129 9,024 5,769 317 874 2,063
Wisconsin  864,757 9,755 6,481 447 1,208 1,618
Wyoming  84,733 10,190 6,573 601 1,146 1,869
 
Other jurisdictions
American Samoa   16,126 3,607 2,098 154 264 1,091
Guam   30,605
Northern Mariana Islands  11,601 5,034 4,244 91 382 318
Puerto Rico   575,648 4,979 3,740 103 197 938
U.S. Virgin Islands   16,429 8,387 5,773 486 1,043 1,085
— Not available.
1 Include instruction, instruction-related, support services, and other elementary/secondary current expenditures, but exclude expenditures on capital outlay, other
2 Include salaries and benefits for teachers, teaching assistants, librarians and library aides, in-service teacher trainers, curriculum development, student assessment, technology, and supplies and purchased services related to these activities.
3 Include attendance and social work, guidance, health, psychological services, speech pathology, audiology, and other student support services.
4 U.S. totals include the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
5 The prekindergarten student membership was imputed, affecting the total student count and per pupil expenditures calculation.
6 Value affected by redistribution of reported expenditure values to correct for missing data items.
7 Both the District of Columbia and Hawaii have only one school district each; therefore, neither is comparable to other states.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "National Public Education Financial Survey (NPEFS)," fiscal year 2005, Version 1a.



1 Data have been adjusted to fiscal year 2005 dollars. See Appendix A in Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary Education: School Year 2004-05 (Fiscal Year 2005) for more information on inflation-adjusted data.

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