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Title:  Reciprocal Teaching
Description: Although reciprocal teaching has been used for years as a method for teaching reading comprehension skills, the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) has found no rigorous research that shows it works or does not work for students with learning disabilities. Using the reciprocal teaching method, teachers model four comprehension strategies for their students: summarizing, questioning, clarifying, and predicting. The students then practice these strategies and take turns leading small group discussions about what has been read. The WWC identified 54 studies of reciprocal teaching for students with learning disabilities that were published or released between 1989 and 2013. None of these studies meet WWC evidence standards. More research is needed to determine the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of this method for students with learning disabilities.
Online Availability:
Cover Date: November 2013
Web Release: November 26, 2013
Publication #: WWC IRD626
Center/Program: WWC
Associated Centers: NCEE
Authors: WWC
Type of Product: Intervention Report
Questions: For questions about the content of this Intervention Report, please contact:
Diana McCallum.
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National Center for Education Statistics -
U.S. Department of Education