Search Results: (16-30 of 718 records)
|NCEE 20144008||Operational Authority, Support, and Monitoring of School Turnaround
The federal School Improvement Grants (SIG) program, to which $3 billion were allocated under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA), supports schools attempting to turn around a history of low performance. School turnaround also is a focus of Race to the Top (RTT), another ARRA-supported initiative, which involved a roughly $4 billion comprehensive education reform grant competition for states. Given the size of these federal investments, in 2010 the Institute of Education Sciences (IES), began to conduct a large-scale evaluation of RTT and SIG to better understand the implementation and impacts of these programs. The SIG component, in particular, focuses on a purposive sample of SIG-eligible schools, including (1) a group of schools that received SIG to implement one of four intervention models specified by the U.S. Department of Education and (2) a comparison group of schools from the same districts that were not implementing one of these four intervention models with SIG support. Though the results from this evaluation of SIG are not necessarily generalizable to SIG schools nationwide, they are nonetheless important because they add to the limited knowledge base about the implementation and impacts of SIG-funded school turnaround efforts.
|NCEE 20144007||Evaluation of the Personnel Development Program to Improve Services and Results for Children with Disabilities
This report describes activities of national technical assistance centers and special education personnel training programs supported through the Personnel Development Program (PDP) authorized by the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The evaluation assessed the quality and relevance of products of PDP grantees funded between FY 2001 and FY 2007.
|WWC IRECE381||Intervention Report: Pre-K Mathematics
An updated WWC report on Pre-K Mathematics with DLM Early Childhood Express Math looks at how these programs impact early learning. Pre-K Mathematics is a supplemental curriculum that utilizes teacher-guided, small-group activities with concrete manipulatives and take-home activities. The DLM Early Childhood Express Math software includes corresponding math-based activities to reinforce math concepts taught in the classroom. This updated WWC report includes reviews of six studies that have been released since 2007 and evaluates three additional outcomes: oral language, print knowledge, and phonological processing. The WWC found that Pre-K Mathematics with DLM Early Childhood Express Math has positive effects on math for preschool children, but no discernible effects on their oral language, print knowledge, and phonological processing skills.
The 2012 study, The Impact of Dual Enrollment on College Degree Attainment: Do Low-SES Students Benefit?, used data from the National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS:88) to examine the effects of dual enrollment programs for high school students on college degree attainment. Researchers found that dual enrollment programs significantly increased the likelihood of attaining a college degree. There were no significant differences in college attainment between first generation college students and students whose parents had attended at least some college. A supplemental analysis revealed that students earning more dual enrollment credits were significantly more likely to attain any college degree or a bachelor’s degree than comparison students. This research meets WWC evidence with reservations due to potential differences between the participating students that were unobserved in the study data.
|REL 2014005||Does raising the state compulsory school attendance age achieve the intended outcomes?
Many states have raised the compulsory school attendance age to 17 or 18, anticipating that a reduction in dropout, truancy, and discipline problems will more than compensate for the higher costs of educating students longer. This review examines the evidence on whether a higher compulsory school attendance age results in improved student outcomes.
Against this background, this review addresses the following research questions:
|WWC IRM627||DreamBox Learning
DreamBox Learning is a supplemental online mathematics program that provides individualized instruction for students in grades K-5 and focuses on number and operations, place value, and number sense. The WWC identified 11 studies that investigated the effects of DreamBox Learning on the math performance of elementary school students, but only one meets WWC evidence standards. This study meets standards without reservations and included 557 elementary school students in kindergarten and first grade in three charter schools in San Jose, California. Based on this study, the WWC found that DreamBox Learning has no discernible effects on mathematics achievement for elementary school students.
|WWC QR20008||"Are Tenure Track Professors Better Teachers?"
The study examined whether taking a course with a tenured/tenure track professor versus a non-tenured/tenure track professor for first-term freshman-level courses (e.g., introductory economics) was associated with whether students enrolled and performed well in future classes in the same subject.
|WWC IRD626||Reciprocal Teaching
Although reciprocal teaching has been used for years as a method for teaching reading comprehension skills, the What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) has found no rigorous research that shows it works or does not work for students with learning disabilities. Using the reciprocal teaching method, teachers model four comprehension strategies for their students: summarizing, questioning, clarifying, and predicting. The students then practice these strategies and take turns leading small group discussions about what has been read. The WWC identified 54 studies of reciprocal teaching for students with learning disabilities that were published or released between 1989 and 2013. None of these studies meet WWC evidence standards. More research is needed to determine the effectiveness or ineffectiveness of this method for students with learning disabilities.
|WWC IRL416||Reading Mastery
The WWC recently reviewed the research on Reading Mastery for beginning readers. The program is designed to provide systematic instruction in reading to students in grades K-6, however, the WWC found no rigorous research that shows it effectiveness for beginning readers. The Reading Mastery teaching routine involves modeling new content, providing guided practice, and implementing individual practice and application. Since the previous WWC report was released in August 2008, the WWC identified an additional 106 studies of Reading Mastery and its effects on beginning readers (grades K-3), bringing the total number of studies reviewed to 166. None of these studies meet WWC evidence standards for quality research. More research is needed to determine if Reading Mastery works for beginning readers.
|WWC SSR222||WWC Review of the Report "KIPP Middle Schools: Impacts on Achievement and Other Outcomes, Final Report"
The 2013 study, KIPP Middle Schools: Impacts on Achievement and Other Outcomes, Final Report, examined whether attending a Knowledge is Power Program (KIPP) middle school improved students’ academic performance for up to 4 years following enrollment. For the experimental portion of the study, researchers used admissions lotteries to place about 1,000 students into either a KIPP middle school or a traditional middle school. For the quasi-experimental portion of the study, researchers used baseline achievement and demographic characteristics to match 15,916 students in 41 KIPP middle schools with similar students who had attended non-KIPP public middle schools in the same school district in the previous year. Researchers then used state assessments in math, reading, science, and social studies to measure student achievement. The experimental portion of the study meets WWC evidence standards without reservations for the 1-year follow-up. However, the research on the later follow-ups meets standards with reservations because of the large number of students who stopped participating in the study. The quasi-experimental portion of the study meets WWC evidence standards with reservations; although the KIPP students and traditional public school students included in the analysis were well-matched, other differences may have existed between the groups that could have influenced student achievement.
|WWC SSR10030||WWC Review of the Report "The Role of Application Assistance and Information in College Decisions: Results from the H&R Block FAFSA Experiment"
The 2012 study, The Role of Application Assistance and Information in College Decisions: Results from the H&R Block FAFSA Experiment, examined the impact of two interventions related to the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA) on postsecondary outcomes of low- to moderate-income individuals. The two interventions included (1) providing an estimate of need-based aid compared against tuition costs for nearby colleges and assistance in completing the FAFSA, and (2) only providing an estimate of need-based aid. Outcomes included the likelihood of filing the FAFSA, college enrollment, receipt of a Pell Grant, and retention in college after 2 years. Researchers presented results for three distinct subgroups: (a) 17-year-old high school seniors and recent graduates who were dependent on their parents; (b) independent adults aged 24 to 30 years with no college experience; and (c) independent adults aged 24 to 30 years with some college, but no degree. The research described in this report meets WWC evidence standards with reservations. This study is a well-executed randomized controlled trial; however, impacts were presented for three distinct subgroups, and attrition for each of the subgroups cannot be calculated due to unknown subgroup information at baseline.
|WWC SSR10022||WWC Review of the Report "School Turnarounds: Evidence From the 2009 Stimulus"
The 2012 study, School Turnarounds: Evidence From the 2009 Stimulus, examined the effects of being eligible for and receiving School Improvement Grants (SIGs) on schoolwide achievement of students in 2,892 low-performing California public schools. SIGs are federally funded and offered to schools that are identified as persistently lowest achieving. The study used a regression discontinuity design in which average test score levels and changes on California's Academic Performance Index (API) defined which schools were eligible to receive a SIG. Because the study schools were not shown to be equivalent on all variables related to school level achievement, the research meets WWC regression discontinuity design standards with reservations. Changes in API may have been influenced by improved student learning, the movement of students from one school to another, or a combination of these factors. Additionally, the study analyzed school-level effects, and the magnitude of these effects cannot be directly compared to the magnitude of an effect from an intervention that uses student-level data for the analysis. Finally, as a result of the design used for the study, the reported impacts are only valid at the thresholds that define the eligibility criteria, and do not generalize to all SIG-eligible schools.
|WWC PG01813||Practice Guide: Teaching Math to Young Children
Before they even enter a classroom, many children show an interest in math. They notice basic shapes, examine patterns, and practice counting. Teachers can build on this curiosity and get children excited about math with five recommendations from the new What Works Clearinghouse (WWC) practice guide, Teaching Math to Young Children.
To succeed in school, children need to develop skills in five critical early math areas: number and operations, geometry, patterns, measurement, and data analysis. These are complex concepts for young minds. With techniques found in the guide, teachers can make math a daily experience that children enjoy and can succeed in.
Recommendations include the following:
|NCEE 20144001||Access to Effective Teaching for Disadvantaged Students
Recent federal initiatives emphasize measuring teacher effectiveness and ensuring that disadvantaged students have equal access to effective teachers. This study substantially broadens the existing evidence on access to effective teaching by examining access in 29 geographically dispersed school districts over the 2008-2009 to 2010-2011 school years.
The report describes disadvantaged students' access to effective teaching in grades 4 through 8 in English/language arts (ELA) and math, using value-added analysis to measure effective teaching. On average, disadvantaged students had less access to effective teaching in these districts. Providing equal access to effective teaching for FRL and non-FRL students would reduce the student achievement gap from 28 percentile points to 26 percentile points in ELA and from 26 percentile points to 24 percentile points in math in a given year.
|NCEE 20144003||Transfer Incentives for High-Performing Teachers: Final Results from a Multisite Randomized Experiment
One policy response to the challenge of attracting high-performing teachers to low-achieving schools is offering teachers monetary incentives to transfer. This report examines impacts of transfer incentives — including the willingness of teachers to transfer when offered an incentive, teacher retention in the schools to which they transferred, and the impact of transfer incentives on student achievement at low-performing schools. Ten school districts in seven states participated in the random assignment study. The highest-performing teachers in each district — those who had raised student achievement year after year as measured by "value added" — were offered $20,000 to teach at a lower-performing district school for two years.
The study found that:
|NCEE 20134017||The Inclusion of Students With Disabilities in School Accountability Systems: An Update
This report presents updated descriptive information on school-level accountability, adequate yearly progress (AYP), and school improvement status of schools accountable and schools not accountable for the performance of the students with disabilities (SWD) subgroup under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. Findings are based on U.S. Department of Education EDFacts data from the 2006–07 to 2009–10 school years for up to 44 states and the District of Columbia.