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Youth Indicators 1996 / Indicator 62


Indicator 62. Employment of Young Adults


Labor force participation of persons 16 years old and over, by sex and age: 1950 to 1995

-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               |                 Males                 |                 Females
               |---------------------------------------|---------------------------------------
     Year      |16 years |16 to 19 |         |         |16 years |16 to 19 |         |
               | old and |  years  |20 to 24 |25 to 34 | old and |  years  |20 to 24 |25 to 34
               |  over   |   old   |years old|years old|  over   |   old   |years old|years old
---------------|---------|---------|---------|---------|---------|---------|---------|---------

                                      Civilian labor force,\1\ in thousands

1950 ..........   43,817     2,504     4,632    10,527    18,389     1,712     2,675     4,092
1955 ..........   44,475     2,369     3,221    10,806    20,548     1,723     2,445     4,252
1960 ..........   46,388     2,787     4,123    10,251    23,240     2,054     2,580     4,131
1965 ..........   48,255     3,397     5,926    10,653    26,200     2,513     3,375     4,336
1970 ..........   51,228     4,008     5,709    11,311    31,543     3,241     4,874     5,698
1975 ..........   56,299     4,805     7,398    13,854    37,475     4,065     6,069     8,456
1980 ..........   61,453     4,998     8,287    16,327    45,487     4,380     7,093    11,842

1985 ..........   64,411     4,134     8,283    18,808    51,050     3,767     7,434    14,742
1988 ..........   66,927     4,159     7,594    19,742    54,742     3,872     6,910    15,761
1989 ..........   67,840     4,135     7,459    19,905    56,030     3,818     6,721    15,990
1990 ..........   68,234     3,866     7,291    19,813    56,554     3,544     6,552    15,990
1991 ..........   68,411     3,588     7,270    19,548    56,893     3,330     6,440    15,782
1992 ..........   69,184     3,547     7,242    19,355    57,798     3,204     6,461    15,748
1993 ..........   69,633     3,564     7,164    19,053    58,407     3,261     6,393    15,412
1994 ..........   70,817     3,896     7,540    18,854    60,239     3,585     6,592    15,499
1995 ..........   71,360     4,036     7,338    18,670    69,944     3,729     6,349    15,528

                                             Percent in labor force\2\

1950 ..........     86.4      63.2      89.0      96.2      33.9      41.0      46.1      34.0
1955 ..........     85.4      58.9      90.8      97.7      35.7      39.7      46.0      34.9
1960 ..........     83.3      56.1      88.1      97.5      37.7      39.3      46.1      36.0
1965 ..........     80.7      53.8      88.0      97.4      39.3      38.0      50.0      38.6
1970 ..........     79.7      56.1      83.3      96.4      43.3      44.0      57.7      45.0
1975 ..........     77.9      59.1      84.5      95.2      46.3      49.1      64.1      54.9
1980 ..........     77.4      60.5      85.9      95.2      51.5      52.9      68.9      65.5

1985 ..........     76.3      56.8      85.0      94.7      54.5      52.1      71.8      70.9
1988 ..........     76.2      56.9      85.0      94.3      56.6      53.6      72.7      72.7
1989 ..........     76.4      57.9      85.3      94.4      57.4      53.9      72.4      73.5
1990 ..........     76.1      55.7      84.3      94.2      57.5      51.8      71.6      73.6
1991 ..........     75.5      53.2      83.4      93.7      57.3      50.2      70.4      73.3
1992 ..........     75.6      53.3      83.3      93.8      57.8      49.2      71.2      74.1
1993 ..........     75.2      53.1      83.1      93.5      57.9      49.9      71.3      73.6
1994 ..........     75.1      54.1      83.1      92.6      58.8      51.3      71.0      74.0
1995 ..........     75.0      54.8      83.1      93.0      58.9      52.2      70.3      74.9

                                               Percent unemployed3/

1950 ..........      5.1      12.7       7.7       4.2       5.7      11.4       6.3       5.3
1955 ..........      4.2      11.6       7.0       3.0       4.9      10.2       5.4       4.7
1960 ..........      5.4      15.3       8.9       4.8       5.9      13.9       8.3       6.3
1965 ..........      4.0      14.1       6.3       3.0       5.5      15.7       7.3       5.5
1970 ..........      4.4      15.0       8.4       3.4       5.9      15.6       7.9       5.7
1975 ..........      7.9      20.1      14.3       7.0       9.3      19.7      12.7       9.1
1980 ..........      6.9      18.2      12.5       6.7       7.4      17.2      10.3       7.2

1985 ..........      7.0      19.5      11.4       6.6       7.4      17.6      10.7       7.4
1988 ..........      5.5      16.0       8.9       5.3       5.6      14.4       8.5       5.6
1989 ..........      5.2      15.9       8.8       4.8       5.4      14.0       8.3       5.6
1990 ..........      5.8      16.3       9.1       5.5       5.4      14.7       8.5       5.6
1991 ..........      7.0      19.8      11.7       7.0       6.3      17.4       9.8       6.7
1992 ..........      7.8      21.5      12.2       7.8       6.9      18.5      10.2       7.3
1993 ..........      7.1      20.4      11.3       6.9       6.5      17.4       9.6       6.7
1994 ..........      6.2      19.0      10.2       5.9       6.0      16.2       9.2       6.2
1995 ..........      5.6      18.4       9.2       5.1       5.6      16.1       9.0       5.7
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/1/ The civilian labor force includes all employed persons, plus those seeking employment; it excludes persons in the military.

/2/ The labor force participation rate is the percentage of persons either employed or seeking employment.

/3/ The unemployment rate is the proportion of those in the labor force who are not working and are seeking employment.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment and Earnings, (January issues); Handbook of Labor Statistics, Bulletin 2217. U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1956 and 1987; and Current Population Reports, Series P-50, nos. 31 and 72; and unpublished data. Council of Economic Advisors, Economic Report of the President, 1987.

Indicator chart and text.


[Indicator 61. Activities After High School]Previous Table of Contents Next[Indicator 63. Unemployment of Young Adults]

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