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Youth Indicators 1996 / Indicator 42


Indicator 42. Employment of 16- and 17-Year-Old Students


Employment status of 16- and 17-year-olds enrolled in school, by sex and race: 1970 to 1993

-------------------------------------------------------------
        |           Males        |          Females
  Year  |------------------------|---------------------------
        |Total |White\1\|Black\1\|  Total  |White\1\|Black\1\
--------|------|--------|--------|---------|--------|--------

                        Percent employed\2\

1970 ...  32.5     34.9     15.5      28.1     30.3     13.9
1975 ...  34.4     38.2     10.6      31.5     34.7     12.4
1980 ...  35.3     39.3     14.6      34.1     38.5     10.5
1985 ...  30.2     34.0     13.4      31.4     35.6     11.8

1989 ...  36.3     40.0     20.2      39.1     42.6     23.8
1990 ...  31.6     35.5     15.1      31.3     35.1     16.6
1991 ...  29.1     33.8     10.2      32.7     37.9     10.3
1992 ...  29.4     33.6     11.7      28.8     33.2     10.0
1993 ...  28.9     33.3      9.8      31.1     36.0     13.0

                   Percent employed full time\2\

1970 ...   2.1      2.3      1.0       1.0      1.1      1.6
1975 ...   2.8      3.1      1.0       1.6      1.7      1.4
1980 ...   2.0      2.1      1.7       0.8      0.8      0.6
1985 ...   1.3      1.5      0.4       0.9      1.1      0.2

1989 ...   2.5      2.9      1.2       1.2      1.2      0.8
1990 ...   2.1      2.3      \3\       1.1      1.3      0.4
1991 ...   0.9      1.1      \3\       1.1      1.3      0.6
1992 ...   1.6      1.9      0.4       0.9      1.0      \3\
1993 ...   1.0      1.1      0.6       1.1      1.2      1.2

                   Percent employed part time\2\

1970 ...  27.1     29.1     12.6      26.5     28.6     11.8
1975 ...  27.4     30.3      8.4      29.1     32.3      9.8
1980 ...  29.7     33.0     12.1      32.8     37.0      9.9
1985 ...  27.2     30.5     12.8      30.2     34.1     11.6

1989 ...  33.8     37.1     19.2      37.9     41.4     23.0
1990 ...  29.5     33.2     15.0      30.1     33.8     16.3
1991 ...  28.2     32.8     10.2      31.5     36.6      9.6
1992 ...  27.8     31.7     11.3      28.0     32.2      9.9
1993 ...  27.8     32.2      9.1      30.0     34.8     12.0

                         Unemployment rate\4\

1970 ...  16.5     15.1     33.3      16.0     14.9     32.1
1975 ...  17.4     16.9     25.7      19.2     17.9     36.1
1980 ...  19.8     17.4     43.3      16.8     15.3     39.6
1985 ...  20.8     18.7     41.2      19.0     15.6     50.8

1989 ...  16.7     15.1     27.0      10.7      9.3     22.5
1990 ...  16.8     15.4     31.8      16.0     13.9     34.0
1991 ...  21.0     18.5     40.7      18.6     15.4     50.0
1992 ...  20.7     17.3     48.1      20.1     17.9     44.7
1993 ...  21.5     18.4     51.0      18.0     16.0     35.3
-------------------------------------------------------------

/1/ Includes Hispanics.

/2/ Full-time and part-time employment figures through 1985 exclude agricultural employment, but they are included in the percentage employed.

/3/ Less than .05 percent.

/4/ The unemployment rate is the percentage of those in the labor force who are not working and are seeking employment.

NOTE: Part-time workers are persons who work less than 35 hours per week.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Special Labor Force Reports, nos. 16 and 68; and unpublished data.

SOURCE: National Sporting Goods Association, Sports Participation in 1986, Series I; and Sports Participation in 1988- 1991, Series I; and unpublished data.

Indicator chart and text.


[Indicator 41. Sports Participation]Previous Table of Contents Next[Indicator 43. Spending Patterns of High School Seniors]

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