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Youth Indicators 1996 / Indicator 21


Indicator 21. Poverty


Number and percent of related children under 18 years old living in poverty, by family status and race/ethnicity of family householder: 1960 to 1994

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          |                         |   Families with female  |Percent of all
          |     All families        |  householder, no spouse | poor related
          |                         |      present\1\         |   children
   Year   |-------------------------|-------------------------|  living in
          |    Number    |Percent of|    Number    |Percent of|   families
          | of children  | children | of children  | children | with female
          |   under 18   | under 18 |   under 18   | under 18 | householder,
          | in poverty,  |in poverty| in poverty,  |in poverty|  no spouse
          |(in thousands)|          |(in thousands)|          |  present\1\
----------|--------------|----------|--------------|----------|--------------
                                          All races

1960 .....        17,288       26.5          4,095       68.4           23.7
1970 .....        10,235       14.9          4,689       53.0           45.8
1975 .....        10,882       16.8          5,597       52.7           51.4
1980 .....        11,114       17.9          5,866       50.8           52.8
1985 .....        12,483       20.1          6,716       53.6           53.8
1989 .....        12,001       19.0          6,808       51.1           56.7
1990 .....        12,715       19.9          7,363       53.4           57.9
1992 .....        14,521       21.6          8,368       54.6           57.6
1993 .....        14,961       22.0          8,503       53.7           56.8
1994 .....        14,610       21.2          8,427       52.9           57.7

                                          White\2\

1960 .....        11,229       20.0          2,357       59.9           21.0
1970 .....         6,138       10.5          2,247       43.1           36.6
1975 .....         6,748       12.5          2,813       44.2           41.7
1980 .....         6,817       13.4          2,813       41.6           41.3
1985 .....         7,838       15.6          3,372       45.2           43.0
1989 .....         7,164       14.1          3,320       42.8           46.3
1990 .....         7,696       15.1          3,597       45.9           46.7
1992 .....         8,752       16.5          3,960       45.9           45.2
1993 .....         9,123       17.0          4,102       45.6           45.0
1994 .....         8,826       16.3          4,099       45.7           46.4

                                           Black\2\

1959 .....         5,022       65.5          1,475       81.6           29.4
1970 .....         3,922       41.5          2,383       67.7           60.8
1975 .....         3,884       41.4          2,724       66.0           70.1
1980 .....         3,906       42.1          2,944       64.8           75.4
1985 .....         4,057       43.1          3,181       66.9           78.4
1989 .....         4,257       43.2          3,256       62.9           76.5
1990 .....         4,412       44.2          3,543       64.7           80.3
1992 .....         5,015       46.3          4,098       67.1           81.7
1993 .....         5,030       45.9          4,104       65.9           81.6
1994 .....         4,787       43.3          3,933       63.2           82.2

                                          Hispanic\3\

1973 .....         1,364       27.8            606       68.7           44.4
1975 .....         1,619       33.1            694       68.4           42.9
1980 .....         1,718       33.0            809       65.0           47.1
1985 .....         2,512       39.6          1,247       72.4           49.6
1989 .....         2,496       35.5          1,163       65.0           46.6
1990 .....         2,750       37.7          1,314       68.4           47.8
1992 .....         3,440       39.0          1,504       65.9           43.7
1993 .....         3,666       39.9          1,673       66.1           45.6
1994 ......        3,955       41.1          1,804       68.3           45.6
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/1/ The householder is the person in whose name the housing unit is owned or rented.

/2/ Includes Hispanics.

/3/ Hispanics may be of any race.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Current Population Reports, Series P-20, Characteristics of the Population Below the Poverty Level, various years; Series P-60, Money Income and Poverty Status of Families and Persons in the United States, various years; Series P-60, Poverty in the United States: 1991, no. 181; Income, Poverty, and Valuation of Noncash Benefits: 1993, no. 188; and unpublished data.

Indicator chart and text.


[Indicator 20. Median Income]Previous Table of Contents Previous[Indicator 22. Federal Aid to Families]

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