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Youth Indicators 1996 / Indicator 19


Indicator 19. Mothers' Employment


Employment status of married, separated, and divorced women with children under 18 years old, by age of children: 1950 to 1993

------------------------------------------------------------------------
            |    With children under 6    | With children 6 to 17 only
    Year    |-----------------------------|-----------------------------
            |Married\1\|Separated|Divorced|Married\1\|Separated|Divorced
------------|----------|---------|--------|----------|---------|--------
                              Civilian labor force, in millions \2\
1950 .......       1.4       ---      --- |      2.2       ---      ---
1960 .......       2.5       ---      --- |      4.1       ---      ---
1970 .......       3.9       0.3      0.3 |      6.3       0.4      0.6
1975 .......       4.4       0.4      0.5 |      7.0       0.5      1.0
1980 .......       5.2       0.4      0.5 |      8.4       0.6      1.6
1985 .......       6.4       0.4      0.6 |      8.5       0.7      2.0
                                          |
1986 .......       6.6       0.5      0.7 |      8.8       0.6      2.0
1987 .......       7.0       0.4      0.7 |      9.0       0.7      2.0
1988 .......       7.0       0.4      0.6 |      9.3       0.7      1.9
1990 .......       7.2       0.5      0.6 |      9.3       0.7      2.0
1991 .......       7.4       0.5      0.6 |      9.1       0.7      2.0
1992 .......       7.3       0.5      0.6 |      9.5       0.7      2.1
1993 .......       7.3       0.5      0.7 |      9.7       0.8      2.1
                             Labor force participation rate\3\
1950 .......      11.9       ---      --- |     28.3       ---      ---
1960 .......      18.6       ---      --- |     39.0       ---      ---
1970 .......      30.3      45.0     65.4 |     49.2      60.5     82.7
1975 .......      36.6      49.4     65.8 |     52.3      59.1     80.1
1980 .......      45.1      52.2     68.3 |     61.7      66.3     82.3
1985 .......      53.4      53.2     67.5 |     67.8      70.9     83.4
                                          |
1986 .......      53.8      57.4     73.8 |     68.4      70.6     84.7
1987 .......      56.8      55.1     70.5 |     70.6      72.6     84.5
1988 .......      57.1      53.0     70.1 |     72.5      69.3     83.9
1990 .......      58.9      59.3     69.8 |     73.6      75.0     85.9
1991 .......      59.9      52.2     68.5 |     73.6      74.7     84.6
1992 .......      59.9      55.7     65.9 |     75.4      71.6     85.9
1993 .......      59.6      52.1     68.1 |     74.9      71.6     83.6
                                Unemployment rate\4\
1960 .......       7.8       ---      --- |      4.9       ---      ---
1970 .......       7.9      12.9      5.0 |      4.8       5.9      6.5
1975 .......      13.8      22.7     10.9 |      7.1      13.0      9.3
1980 .......       8.3      12.3     13.6 |      4.4      10.6      6.7
1985 .......       8.0      22.9     12.1 |      5.5      14.6      9.0
                                          |
1986 .......       7.6      16.5     12.9 |      4.8      11.7      8.2
1987 .......       5.9      15.7     13.8 |      4.9      14.8      6.1
1988 .......       6.1      15.0      9.4 |      3.8       8.7      5.3
1990 .......       4.8      13.0      9.0 |      3.8      10.4      7.0
1991 .......       6.7      16.2      9.9 |      4.2      10.7      6.5
1992 .......       7.0      19.4     14.3 |      4.6      13.5      7.0
1993 .......       6.2      17.4      8.8 |      3.8       9.6      6.0
------------------------------------------|-----------------------------

---Data not available.

/1/ Husband present.

/2/ The civilian labor force includes all employed persons, plus those seeking employment; it excludes persons in the military.

/3/ The labor force participation rate is the percentage of persons either employed or seeking employment.

/4/ The unemployment rate is the proportion of those in the labor force who are not working and are seeking employment.

NOTE: Data are for both full-time and part-time workers. Data for 1989 are not available.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States. U.S. Depart-ment of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Special Labor Force Reports, nos. 13, 183, and 2163; and unpublished data.

Indicator chart and text.


[Indicator 18. Parents' Employment]Previous Table of Contents Previous[Indicator 20. Median Income]

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