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Youth Indicators 1996 / Indicator 18


Indicator 18. Parents' Employment


Employment status of parents with own children under 18 years old, by type of family: 1975 to 1993

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Type of family                                  1975       1980       1985       1991       1992       1993
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                                                                      Numbers in thousands
   Total families                             55,698     59,910     63,232     66,959     67,842     68,838
   Total families with own children under 18  30,060     31,325     31,496     32,981     33,358     33,916
                                                                                               
Married-couple families                       
  (with own children under 18)                25,236     24,974     24,225     24,435     24,460     24,746
  Both parents employed                        9,358     11,925     12,844     14,342     14,426     14,606
  Only father employed                        13,441     10,975      9,227      7,857      7,561      7,717
  Only mother employed                           895        852        960      1,180      1,293      1,357
  Neither parent employed                      1,543      1,222      1,194      1,058      1,180      1,068
                                                                                                           
Female-headed families (single mothers          
    with own children under 18)/1/             4,400      5,718      6,345      7,323      7,564      7,781
  Mother in labor force                        2,635      3,833      4,302      4,970      5,090      5,311
      Mother employed                          2,306      3,412      3,741      4,431      4,491      4,755
      Mother not employed                        329        421        561        539        599        556
                                                                                                           
Male-headed families (single fathers             
    with own children under 18)                  424        633        926      1,223      1,334      1,389
  Father in labor force                          369        561        834      1,113         --         --
      Father employed                            327        514        750         --         --         --
      Father not employed                         42         47         84         --         --         --
                                                                        Percentage distribution            
                                                                                                           
   Total families                              100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0
   Total families with own children under 18    54.0       52.3       49.8       49.3       49.2       49.3
                                                                                                           
Married-couple families                         
  (with own children under 18)                 100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0
  Both parents employed                         37.1       47.7       53.0       58.7       59.0       59.0
  Only father employed                          53.3       43.9       38.1       32.2       30.9       31.2
  Only mother employed                           3.5        3.4        4.0        4.8        5.3        5.5
  Neither parent employed                        6.1        4.9        4.9        4.3        4.8        4.3
                                                                                                           
Female-headed families (single mothers          
    with own children under 18)/1/             100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0
  Mother in labor force                         59.9       67.0       67.8       67.9       67.3       68.3
      Mother employed                           52.4       59.7       59.0       60.5       59.4       61.1
      Mother not employed                        7.5        7.4        8.8        7.4        7.9        7.1
                                                                                                           
Male-headed families (single fathers            
    with own children under 18)                100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0      100.0
  Father in labor force                         87.0       88.6       90.1       91.0         --         --
      Father employed                           77.1       81.2       81.0         --         --         --
      Father not employed                        9.9        7.4        9.1         --         --         --
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/1/ Includes mother from unmarried couples.

-Data not available.

NOTE: Includes parents working both full-time and part-time. "Own children" in a family are sons and daughters, including stepchildren and adopted children, of the householder.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, unpublished data.

Indicator chart and text.


[Indicator 17. Family Income]Previous Table of Contents Previous[Indicator 19. Mothers' Employment]

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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
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