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Youth Indicators 1996 / Indicator 13


Indicator 13. Housing Condition of Children


Number of households, by housing status and condition, and presence of children under 18: 1975 to 1993

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     Housing status and     |        |         |        |        |        |      |      |      |      |
       condition, and       |  1975  |  1980   |  1985  |  1989  |  1993  | 1975 | 1980 | 1985 | 1989 | 1993
    presence of children    |        |         |        |        |        |      |      |      |      |
----------------------------|--------|---------|--------|--------|--------|------|------|------|------|------
                                Number of households, in thousands        |        Percentage of total
                                                                          |
Owners .....................  46,909    52,733   56,144   59,916   61,251 |  100    100    100    100    100
  Crowded\1\ ...............   1,888     1,654      980      954      883 |    4      3      2      2      1
  Inadequate\2\ ............   3,293     2,757    3,088    3,572    2,963 |    7      5      6      6      5
  Burden 30% to 49% \3\ ....   1,697     2,485    6,141    6,355    7,176 |    4      5     11     11     12
  Burden 50% or more \3\ ...   1,121     1,781    2,958    3,168    3,778 |    2      3      5      5      6
  None of the above ........  39,500    44,700   43,900   46,911   47,460 |   84     85     78     78     77
                                                                          |
Renters ....................  25,637    27,594   32,280   33,767   33,472 |  100    100    100    100    100
  Crowded\1\ ...............   1,722     1,715    1,516    1,722    1,503 |    7      6      5      5      4
  Inadequate\2\ ............   3,893     3,250    4,286    4,031    3,163 |   15     12     13     12      9
  Burden 30% to 49% \3\ ....   4,169     5,097    6,222    6,983    7,157 |   16     18     19     21     21
  Burden 50% or more \3\ ...   3,605     4,769    5,696    5,185    5,947 |   14     17     18     15     18
  None of the above ........  14,272    14,661   17,214   18,503   17,993 |   56     53     53     55     54
                                                                          |
Owners with children                                                      |
 under 18 ..................  21,982    22,886   21,945   22,827   22,827 |  100    100    100    100    100
  Crowded\1\ ...............   1,864     1,564      966      937      858 |    8      7      4      4      4
  Inadequate\2\ ............   1,355     1,024    1,286    1,379    1,148 |    6      4      6      6      5
  Burden 30% to 49% \3\ ....     584       866    2,575    2,631    2,822 |    3      4     12     12     12
  Burden 50% or more \3\ ...     399       668      995      945    1,261 |    2      3      5      4      6
  None of the above ........  18,231    19,181   16,680   17,545   17,326 |   83     84     76     77     76
                                                                          |
Renters with children                                                     |
 under 18 ..................   9,566     9,835   12,053   12,907   12,635 |  100    100    100    100    100
  Crowded\1\ ...............   1,625     1,580    1,381    1,568    1,379 |   17     16     11     12     11
  Inadequate\2\ ............   1,522     1,239    1,927    1,717    1,377 |   16     13     16     13     11
  Burden 30% to 49% \3\ ....   1,475     1,829    2,356    2,762    2,698 |   15     19     20     21     21
  Burden 50% or more \3\ ...   1,142     1,698    2,507    2,162    2,590 |   12     17     21     17     20
  None of the above ........   4,984     4,652    5,558    6,370    6,054 |   52     47     46     49     48
  Rent assisted ............   1,159     1,361    1,911    2,093    2,210 |   12     14     16     16     17
                                                                          |
Very-low-income renters                                                   |
 with children under 18 \4\    3,752     4,642    5,771    5,587    6,646 |  100    100    100    100    100
  Crowded\1\ ...............     898       953      844      934      946 |   24     21     15     17     14
  Inadequate\2\ ............     831       765    1,164    1,012      904 |   22     16     20     18     14
  Burden 30% to 49% \3\ ....   1,077     1,306    1,502    1,689    1,933 |   29     28     26     30     29
  Burden 50% or more \3\ ...     875     1,664    2,460    2,109    2,544 |   23     36     43     38     38
  None of the above ........     803     1,007    1,237    1,256    1,651 |   21     22     21     22     25
  Rent assisted ............     743     1,042    1,509    1,676    1,871 |   20     22     26     30     28
  "Worst case"\5\ ..........   1,320     1,640    2,160    1,886    2,277 |   35     35     37     34     34
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/1/ More than one person per room, excluding closets and bathrooms.

/2/ Severe or moderate physical problems as reported in the housing survey. Number in "inadequate" category is low for 1980 because of data unavailability.

/3/ Burden is calculated by dividing gross rent and utilities by reported family or household income.

/4/ Family or household income below 50 percent of area median family income adjusted for household size, as defined for Housing and Urban Development programs.

/5/ Unassisted with either rent burden of 50 percent of household income or more, or severely inadequate housing.

NOTE: Because of overlapping categories, details do not add to totals. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Beginning in 1985, rent burden and income are based on household, rather than family income for all households, and return on home equity is not imputed as income to owners. 1985 utility payments adjusted to be comparable to 1989 and 1993.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, Office of Policy Development and Research, American Housing Survey, unpublished data.

Indicator chart and text.


[Indicator 12. Family Formation]Previous Table of Contents Previous[Indicator 14. Living Arrangements of Young Adults]

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