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10. RESULTS

The linking functions developed in previous sections of this report can be applied to the data from the states that participated in the 1996 NAEP state assessment to enable approximate comparisons between those states and the countries that participated in TIMSS. State-level results are presented both for predicted TIMSS means and for predicted percentages above the TIMSS marker levels.


Table 17 provides the state-level predicted TIMSS mathematics and science means, based on the state-level NAEP data, for grade 8 public school data. The rows of the table correspond to the states and jurisdictions (henceforth called jurisdictions), arranged in alphabetic order. Adjacent to the jurisdiction names are the predicted TIMSS means, along with their standard errors, which take into account all components of variance discussed in this report. Table 18 provides the mathematics and science TIMSS means for the countries that participated in TIMSS. These countries are also arranged in alphabetic order. Adjacent to the country names are the values of the TIMSS means, accompanied by their standard errors, which take into account variability due to sampling and measurement error. Note that the means for the TIMSS countries reported in this table differ somewhat from those in the published TIMSS reports. This is because the means presented in the TIMSS reports are based on the first plausible value only. In contrast, the means presented in Table 18 and their standard errors use all five plausible values.


Note that the SOLE purpose of the data in these tables is to allow the comparison of predicted TIMSS means for individual jurisdictions with the actual TIMSS means of individual countries. It is NOT recommended that data in these tables be used to compare performance between jurisdictions or between countries (this is why the data for the jurisdictions and nations are arranged in alphabetical order). The proper between jurisdiction comparisons are provided in the NAEP reports (O'Sullivan, Reese, and Mazzeo, 1997; Reese, Miller, Mazzeo, and Dossey, 1997); while the proper between country comparisons are provided in the TIMSS reports (Beaton, Mullis, Martin, Gonzalez, Kelly, and Smith, 1996; Beaton, Martin, Mullis, Gonzalez, Smith, and Kelly, 1996).


Appendices C and D (abstracted from Johnson and Siegendorf, 1998) provide the comparisons of the estimated TIMSS scores for each jurisdiction with the actual TIMSS scores for the countries that participated in TIMSS. Appendix C presents one-page profiles for each jurisdiction participating in NAEP grade 8 mathematics while Appendix D provides profiles for grade 8 science. Each
page displays a table showing how a particular jurisdiction would perform in comparison to the 41 countries that participated in TIMSS at grade 8. Each table indicates whether the ACTUAL mean scores of each participating TIMSS country are significantly higher than, not significantly different than, or significantly lower than the ESTIMATED mean performance of grade 8 public school students in that particular jurisdiction. The significance of the difference of the estimated mean of the given jurisdiction and the actual means of the TIMSS countries are based on a Bonferroni multiple comparisons procedure that holds to 5 percent the probability of erroneously declaring any of the country means significantly different from the chosen jurisdiction's predicted mean.


Table 17.—Estimated TIMSS scores from public school, 1996 NAEP data for states and jurisdictions: Grade 8 mathematics and science


Mathematics
Science
State/Jurisdiction
Mean
Standard Error
State/Jurisdiction
Mean
Standard Error
Alabama
463
7.7
Alabama
502
7.7
(Alaska)
516
7.1
(Alaska)
545
7.1
Arizona
491
6.8
Arizona
521
7.6
(Arkansas)
476
6.7
(Arkansas)
519
7.1
California
479
7.3
California
500
7.9
Colorado
511
6.2
Colorado
551
6.4
Connecticut
521
6.2
Connecticut
553
7.1
DDESS
494
8.0
DDESS
545
6.7
Delaware
488
6.0
Delaware
511
6.3
District of Columbia
404
6.8
District of Columbia
422
6.7
DoDDS
509
6.0
DoDDS
553
6.2
Florida
481
7.1
Florida
512
7.6
Georgia
478
6.8
Georgia
511
7.3
Guam
418
7.2
Guam
444
7.0
Hawaii
477
6.1
Hawaii
490
6.3
Indiana
510
6.5
Indiana
546
7.2
(Iowa)
532
6.4
(Iowa)
562
6.9
Kentucky
488
6.2
Kentucky
528
6.9
Louisiana
453
6.9
Louisiana
482
7.7
Maine
532
6.4
Maine
577
6.6
(Maryland)
496
7.6
(Maryland)
522
7.4
Massachusetts
516
7.0
Massachusetts
558
7.3
(Michigan)
514
7.1
(Michigan)
547
7.2
Minnesota
532
6.4
Minnesota
563
7.1
Mississippi
447
6.4
Mississippi
484
7.3
Missouri
505
6.5
Missouri
540
6.9
(Montana)
529
6.4
(Montana)
574
6.9
Nebraska
529
6.1
Nebraska
559
6.6
New Mexico
477
6.3
New Mexico
509
6.6
(New York)
497
7.0
(New York)
523
7.6
North Carolina
491
6.5
North Carolina
526
6.9
North Dakota
532
6.0
North Dakota
575
6.4
Oregon
512
6.7
Oregon
552
7.6
Rhode Island
494
6.0
Rhode Island
533
6.3
(South Carolina)
474
6.7
(South Carolina)
501
7.4
Tennessee
479
6.6
Tennessee
515
8.0
Texas
497
6.5
Texas
522
8.0
Utah
514
6.1
Utah
555
6.3
(Vermont)
520
6.1
(Vermont)
559
6.6
Virginia
496
6.8
Virginia
535
7.6
Washington
512
6.4
Washington
536
7.1
West Virginia
484
6.1
West Virginia
528
6.4
(Wisconsin)
529
6.7
(Wisconsin)
567
7.9
Wyoming
509
6.0
Wyoming
560
6.1

(Jurisdiction) indicates that the state or jurisdiction did not satisfy one or more of the sample participation guidelines. See Appendix B.
DDESS: Department of Defense Domestic Dependent Elementary and Secondary Schools
DoDDS: Department of Defense Dependents Schools (Overseas)
SOURCE: Tabulations based on data from the IEA Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 1994-1995, and the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1996.


Table 18.—Actual 1995 TIMSS scores for countries: Grade 8 mathematics and science


Mathematics
Science
Country
Mean
Standard Error
Country
Mean
Standard Error
(Australia)
529
4.1
(Australia)
545
3.9
(Austria)
540
3.1
(Austria)
558
3.9
Belgium—Flemish
565
5.7
Belgium-Flemish
549
4.3
(Belgium—French)
526
3.6
(Belgium—French)
472
3.2
(Bulgaria)
539
6.3
(Bulgaria)
565
5.3
Canada
527
2.5
Canada
531
2.6
(Colombia)
385
3.5
(Colombia)
411
4.3
Cyprus
474
2.0
Cyprus
463
2.1
Czech Republic
564
5.0
Czech Republic
575
4.6
(Denmark)
503
2.9
(Denmark)
479
3.4
(England)
505
2.7
(England)
553
3.5
France
538
2.9
France
497
2.8
(Germany)
508
4.6
(Germany)
532
5.0
(Greece)
484
3.1
(Greece)
497
2.4
Hong Kong
588
6.5
Hong Kong
522
4.7
Hungary
538
3.3
Hungary
553
2.9
Iceland
488
4.8
Iceland
494
4.3
Iran, Islamic Republic
430
2.4
Iran, Islamic Republic
469
2.5
Ireland
527
5.2
Ireland
537
4.7
(Israel)
521
6.4
(Israel)
525
5.8
Japan
605
2.0
Japan
571
1.7
Korea
608
2.6
Korea
565
2.3
(Kuwait)
391
2.6
(Kuwait)
428
3.9
(Latvia-LSS)
494
3.3
(Latvia-LSS)
485
2.8
(Lithuania)
478
3.6
(Lithuania)
476
3.5
(Netherlands)
541
6.7
(Netherlands)
561
5.1
New Zealand
508
4.5
New Zealand
526
4.4
Norway
503
2.3
Norway
527
2.0
Portugal
455
2.5
Portugal
481
2.5
(Romania)
481
4.1
(Romania)
485
4.8
Russian Federation
536
5.3
Russian Federation
538
4.0
Singapore
642
5.0
Singapore
607
5.6
(Scotland)
498
5.5
(Scotland)
515
5.2
Slovak Republic
547
3.3
Slovak Republic
545
3.4
(Slovenia)
540
3.2
(Slovenia)
560
2.9
(South Africa)
354
4.5
(South Africa)
326
6.8
Spain
488
2.1
Spain
517
2.0
Sweden
519
3.1
Sweden
535
3.0
(Switzerland)
546
2.9
(Switzerland)
522
2.7
(Thailand)
522
5.8
(Thailand)
526
3.8
United States
499
4.7
United States
534
4.8

(Jurisdiction) indicates that the country did not satisfy one or more of the sample participation guidelines. See Appendix B.
Latvia-LSS: Latvian-speaking schools only
Average scores for the nations may differ from IEA reports because of the way averages were computed.
SOURCE: Tabulations based on data from the IEA Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 1994-1995.



Generally speaking, the state-level predicted TIMSS means have a somewhat smaller range than do the country-level TIMSS means and are distributed about the U.S. TIMSS mean. There is considerable variability in the results: The highest performing states have predicted means significantly higher than the TIMSS means of at least one-half of the countries, while the lowest performing states have predicted means significantly lower than the TIMSS means of at least half of the countries.


Tables 19 and 20 provide, in alphabetical order, the state-level predicted results in terms of the TIMSS international marker levels for mathematics and science, respectively. The predicted 95 percent confidence intervals for the percentages above the marker levels were computed for each jurisdiction using Equation (19). Also included in the tables is a point estimate of the percentages above each marker level for each jurisdiction, where the point estimate is computed as the midpoint of the 95 percent confidence interval. Tables 21 and 22 provide the actual percentages above the international marker levels, along with 95 percent confidence intervals, for the countries that participated in TIMSS. As was the case for the country means in Table 18, the percentages reported in Tables 21 and 22 differ somewhat from those published in the TIMSS reports. This is because Tables 21 and 22 are based on all five plausible values, while the TIMSS reports are based only on the first plausible value.


As was the case with the predicted means, there is a considerable spread across the jurisdictions in terms of the percentages above each of the marker levels. It is interesting to note that the position of a given state relative to the countries changes somewhat from that based on the means to that based on the percentage above a given marker level. This change in position is due to different distributions from state to state and from country to country. Some states and countries have more diffuse distributions while others have less. Thus, a state with roughly the same predicted TIMSS mean as a given country might have noticeably different predicted percentages above the various marker levels if the state has a markedly more or less diffuse predicted TIMSS distribution than the actual TIMSS distribution of the country. For example, if the state has a larger predicted TIMSS standard deviation than the country, the state will have a higher predicted percentage above the Top 10 Percent level.



Table 19.—Ninety-five percent confidence intervals and estimates for percent of students reaching TIMSS International Marker Levels in mathematics at grade 8 based on estimates from 1996 NAEP public school data for states and jurisdictions

Estimates indicated in gray shading


 
TIMSS International Marker Levels
State/Jurisdiction
International Top Ten Percent
International Top Quarter
International Top Half
Alabama
0.1 1.4 2.7 3.9 8.9 13.8 22.5 32.0 41.5
(Alaska)
3.0 6.9 10.7 16.3 23.5 30.6 46.0 54.9 63.8
Arizona
0.5 2.1 3.6 7.8 13.1 18.4 33.6 42.7 51.7
(Arkansas)
0.4 1.8 3.1 5.0 9.2 13.3 27.7 36.7 45.6
California
1.1 3.2 5.2 7.3 13.0 18.6 29.6 38.0 46.3
Colorado
0.9 3.5 6.1 12.0 18.7 25.3 43.9 52.1 60.3
Connecticut
2.0 5.4 8.7 16.7 23.7 30.7 48.8 56.4 64.0
DDESS
1.6 5.0 8.3 11.0 17.0 23.0 33.1 43.4 53.6
Delaware
1.1 3.0 4.9 9.2 14.0 18.8 33.0 40.8 48.5
District of Columbia
0.3 1.3 2.2 2.1 4.2 6.2 8.7 12.8 16.9
DoDDS
0.7 3.2 5.6 11.9 17.3 22.7 41.6 49.6 57.5
Florida
0.1 1.8 3.4 7.2 12.5 17.7 30.9 39.8 48.6
Georgia
0.5 2.4 4.3 6.3 11.8 17.3 29.6 38.0 46.4
Guam
0.0 0.9 1.8 1.5 4.1 6.7 13.3 19.1 24.8
Hawaii
0.8 2.5 4.2 7.5 12.0 16.4 30.4 37.4 44.4
Indiana
0.9 3.2 5.5 10.9 17.8 24.6 42.4 52.0 61.5
(Iowa)
1.4 4.2 7.0 15.2 23.3 31.4 54.0 63.1 72.1
Kentucky
0.1 1.5 2.9 6.4 11.4 16.3 31.4 39.8 48.2
Louisiana
0.1 0.7 1.3 1.9 5.2 8.5 17.1 25.2 33.3
Maine
2.3 5.6 8.8 16.1 23.8 31.5 53.7 62.4 71.0
(Maryland)
2.1 5.6 9.1 12.4 19.8 27.2 36.6 45.2 53.8
Massachusetts
1.7 5.1 8.4 13.3 21.0 28.6 45.1 54.6 64.1
(Michigan)
1.4 4.8 8.1 14.0 21.7 29.3 44.1 53.7 63.2
Minnesota
2.7 6.4 10.0 18.6 27.0 35.4 53.5 62.0 70.5
Mississippi
0.0 0.6 1.1 2.3 5.1 7.8 16.6 23.1 29.6
Missouri
0.5 2.5 4.5 9.3 15.6 21.9 38.9 48.5 58.1
(Montana)
2.3 5.5 8.6 17.5 25.0 32.5 53.3 61.8 70.3
Nebraska
1.8 5.2 8.6 16.4 23.4 30.4 52.1 60.7 69.2
New Mexico
0.4 1.6 2.8 5.9 10.3 14.6 28.1 36.4 44.7
(New York)
1.2 3.4 5.5 10.5 16.5 22.4 38.1 47.0 55.9
North Carolina
0.9 3.3 5.6 9.9 15.3 20.6 33.9 42.4 50.8
North Dakota
1.8 5.0 8.2 17.2 25.0 32.8 55.5 63.5 71.4
Oregon
1.4 4.4 7.3 13.1 19.9 26.7 44.3 52.7 61.0
Rhode Island
1.0 2.8 4.6 10.0 15.4 20.7 38.0 45.7 53.4
(South Carolina)
0.5 2.0 3.5 5.8 10.2 14.6 25.9 33.9 41.9
Tennessee
0.4 1.9 3.3 5.5 10.5 15.5 30.4 38.4 46.4
Texas
0.7 2.7 4.7 9.7 15.7 21.6 37.1 45.8 54.5
Utah
0.8 2.8 4.7 11.3 17.6 23.9 45.4 54.1 62.8
(Vermont)
1.5 4.0 6.5 13.5 20.6 27.6 48.5 57.3 66.1
Virginia
1.2 3.2 5.1 9.7 15.6 21.4 35.6 44.7 53.7
Washington
1.7 4.4 7.1 13.4 19.8 26.1 44.9 53.2 61.4
West Virginia
0.3 1.6 2.8 5.5 9.9 14.3 29.5 37.6 45.7
(Wisconsin)
2.1 5.5 8.9 16.3 24.3 32.3 52.0 61.2 70.4
Wyoming
0.6 2.6 4.6 10.1 15.6 21.0 42.3 51.5 60.7

(Jurisdiction) indicates that the state or jurisdiction did not satisfy one or more of the sample participation guidelines. See Appendix B.
DDESS: Department of Defense Domestic Dependent Elementary and Secondary Schools
DoDDS: Department of Defense Dependents Schools (Overseas)
SOURCE: Tabulations based on data from the IEA Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 1994-1995, and the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1996.


Table 20.—Ninety-five percent confidence intervals and estimates for percent of students reaching TIMSS International Marker Levels in science at grade 8 based on estimates from 1996 NAEP public school data for states and jurisdictions

Estimates indicated in gray shading

 
TIMSS International Marker Levels
State/Jurisdiction
International Top Ten Percent
International Top Quarter
International Top Half
Alabama
2.4 6.2 10.0 13.2 20.2 27.2 36.6 44.7 52.8
(Alaska)
7.9 13.0 18.0 25.8 33.9 41.9 54.9 62.4 69.9
Arizona
3.8 8.2 12.6 17.3 24.7 32.0 43.3 51.8 60.3
(Arkansas)
3.5 7.9 12.2 17.2 24.9 32.6 44.3 52.2 60.0
California
3.9 7.6 11.3 15.0 21.7 28.4 36.0 44.4 52.7
Colorado
8.2 13.2 18.2 27.9 35.6 43.2 57.5 64.7 71.9
Connecticut
10.4 16.2 22.0 30.6 38.7 46.8 57.8 65.1 72.3
DDESS
5.0 10.3 15.6 20.8 29.8 38.7 52.6 62.4 72.2
Delaware
3.8 7.3 10.7 17.1 22.7 28.2 41.6 48.4 55.2
District of Columbia
0.7 1.8 2.8 2.7 5.5 8.3 12.5 17.3 22.0
DoDDS
6.7 12.1 17.4 26.5 34.3 42.0 58.4 65.1 71.8
Florida
3.8 8.1 12.3 16.3 23.4 30.5 39.5 48.3 57.0
Georgia
4.2 8.4 12.6 16.1 23.1 30.1 38.6 46.9 55.1
Guam
0.7 2.3 3.9 4.9 8.7 12.4 19.1 25.7 32.2
Hawaii
2.0 4.5 7.0 11.3 16.5 21.6 33.0 39.8 46.5
Indiana
5.9 11.9 17.9 23.9 32.6 41.2 53.2 61.4 69.6
(Iowa)
8.8 14.6 20.3 30.6 39.3 48.0 61.4 68.7 76.0
Kentucky
4.4 8.5 12.6 18.8 26.1 33.3 46.2 54.4 62.6
Louisiana
1.9 4.7 7.5 10.2 15.7 21.2 29.6 37.6 45.6
Maine
11.5 18.0 24.4 35.8 44.9 54.0 67.6 74.8 81.9
(Maryland)
5.6 10.6 15.6 20.1 27.5 34.9 44.7 52.6 60.4
Massachusetts
10.2 16.2 22.1 31.2 39.6 47.9 58.9 66.7 74.4
(Michigan)
7.6 13.4 19.2 26.6 35.2 43.7 54.3 62.3 70.2
Minnesota
8.9 15.8 22.7 31.3 39.9 48.5 62.0 69.3 76.6
Mississippi
1.7 4.2 6.6 9.4 14.4 19.3 28.5 36.6 44.6
Missouri
6.1 10.9 15.7 23.3 31.2 39.1 52.9 60.8 68.7
(Montana)
9.5 16.0 22.5 33.7 43.8 53.8 67.8 75.0 82.1
Nebraska
9.1 15.2 21.2 29.9 38.4 46.8 61.4 68.3 75.2
New Mexico
3.6 6.7 9.8 16.5 21.9 27.2 39.7 46.9 54.1
(New York)
6.9 12.0 17.1 21.9 29.5 37.0 46.3 54.1 61.9
North Carolina
5.7 9.7 13.7 19.6 26.6 33.5 45.8 53.6 61.3
North Dakota
10.3 16.9 23.5 35.5 44.0 52.5 68.4 75.3 82.2
Oregon
7.7 13.3 18.9 26.2 34.8 43.3 56.8 65.1 73.4
Rhode Island
6.3 10.4 14.4 21.5 28.4 35.3 49.1 56.5 63.9
(South Carolina)
3.2 6.5 9.7 13.4 19.5 25.5 34.1 42.5 50.9
Tennessee
4.7 9.0 13.2 17.0 24.7 32.3 41.5 50.5 59.5
Texas
4.5 8.5 12.5 18.4 25.9 33.4 44.0 52.7 61.3
Utah
7.2 12.1 16.9 27.1 35.2 43.2 60.3 67.3 74.3
(Vermont)
7.9 14.1 20.2 28.8 36.5 44.1 59.6 67.4 75.1
Virginia
6.3 11.4 16.4 21.6 30.0 38.3 48.1 56.4 64.7
Washington
6.6 11.2 15.7 21.9 29.3 36.7 50.0 58.2 66.4
West Virginia
3.5 6.7 9.9 17.2 23.8 30.3 45.5 53.4 61.3
(Wisconsin)
10.3 17.1 23.9 32.9 42.4 51.8 63.0 70.9 78.8
Wyoming
8.0 13.4 18.8 29.1 36.8 44.4 61.5 68.5 75.4

(Jurisdiction) indicates that the state or jurisdiction did not satisfy one or more of the sample participation guidelines. See Appendix B.
DDESS: Department of Defense Domestic Dependent Elementary and Secondary Schools
DoDDS: Department of Defense Dependents Schools (Overseas)
SOURCE: Tabulations based on data from the IEA Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 1994-1995, and the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1996.


Table 21.—Ninety-five percent confidence intervals and estimates for percent of students reaching TIMSS International Marker Levels in mathematics at grade 8 based on actual 1995 TIMSS data for countries

Estimates indicated in gray shading

 
TIMSS International Marker Levels
State/Jurisdiction
International Top Ten Percent
International Top Quarter
International Top Half
Alabama
2.4 6.2 10.0 13.2 20.2 27.2 36.6 44.7 52.8
(Alaska)
7.9 13.0 18.0 25.8 33.9 41.9 54.9 62.4 69.9
Arizona
3.8 8.2 12.6 17.3 24.7 32.0 43.3 51.8 60.3
(Arkansas)
3.5 7.9 12.2 17.2 24.9 32.6 44.3 52.2 60.0
California
3.9 7.6 11.3 15.0 21.7 28.4 36.0 44.4 52.7
Colorado
8.2 13.2 18.2 27.9 35.6 43.2 57.5 64.7 71.9
Connecticut
10.4 16.2 22.0 30.6 38.7 46.8 57.8 65.1 72.3
DDESS
5.0 10.3 15.6 20.8 29.8 38.7 52.6 62.4 72.2
Delaware
3.8 7.3 10.7 17.1 22.7 28.2 41.6 48.4 55.2
District of Columbia
0.7 1.8 2.8 2.7 5.5 8.3 12.5 17.3 22.0
DoDDS
6.7 12.1 17.4 26.5 34.3 42.0 58.4 65.1 71.8
Florida
3.8 8.1 12.3 16.3 23.4 30.5 39.5 48.3 57.0
Georgia
4.2 8.4 12.6 16.1 23.1 30.1 38.6 46.9 55.1
Guam
0.7 2.3 3.9 4.9 8.7 12.4 19.1 25.7 32.2
Hawaii
2.0 4.5 7.0 11.3 16.5 21.6 33.0 39.8 46.5
Indiana
5.9 11.9 17.9 23.9 32.6 41.2 53.2 61.4 69.6
(Iowa)
8.8 14.6 20.3 30.6 39.3 48.0 61.4 68.7 76.0
Kentucky
4.4 8.5 12.6 18.8 26.1 33.3 46.2 54.4 62.6
Louisiana
1.9 4.7 7.5 10.2 15.7 21.2 29.6 37.6 45.6
Maine
11.5 18.0 24.4 35.8 44.9 54.0 67.6 74.8 81.9
(Maryland)
5.6 10.6 15.6 20.1 27.5 34.9 44.7 52.6 60.4
Massachusetts
10.2 16.2 22.1 31.2 39.6 47.9 58.9 66.7 74.4
(Michigan)
7.6 13.4 19.2 26.6 35.2 43.7 54.3 62.3 70.2
Minnesota
8.9 15.8 22.7 31.3 39.9 48.5 62.0 69.3 76.6
Mississippi
1.7 4.2 6.6 9.4 14.4 19.3 28.5 36.6 44.6
Missouri
6.1 10.9 15.7 23.3 31.2 39.1 52.9 60.8 68.7
(Montana)
9.5 16.0 22.5 33.7 43.8 53.8 67.8 75.0 82.1
Nebraska
9.1 15.2 21.2 29.9 38.4 46.8 61.4 68.3 75.2
New Mexico
3.6 6.7 9.8 16.5 21.9 27.2 39.7 46.9 54.1
(New York)
6.9 12.0 17.1 21.9 29.5 37.0 46.3 54.1 61.9
North Carolina
5.7 9.7 13.7 19.6 26.6 33.5 45.8 53.6 61.3
North Dakota
10.3 16.9 23.5 35.5 44.0 52.5 68.4 75.3 82.2
Oregon
7.7 13.3 18.9 26.2 34.8 43.3 56.8 65.1 73.4
Rhode Island
6.3 10.4 14.4 21.5 28.4 35.3 49.1 56.5 63.9
(South Carolina)
3.2 6.5 9.7 13.4 19.5 25.5 34.1 42.5 50.9
Tennessee
4.7 9.0 13.2 17.0 24.7 32.3 41.5 50.5 59.5
Texas
4.5 8.5 12.5 18.4 25.9 33.4 44.0 52.7 61.3
Utah
7.2 12.1 16.9 27.1 35.2 43.2 60.3 67.3 74.3
(Vermont)
7.9 14.1 20.2 28.8 36.5 44.1 59.6 67.4 75.1
Virginia
6.3 11.4 16.4 21.6 30.0 38.3 48.1 56.4 64.7
Washington
6.6 11.2 15.7 21.9 29.3 36.7 50.0 58.2 66.4
West Virginia
3.5 6.7 9.9 17.2 23.8 30.3 45.5 53.4 61.3
(Wisconsin)
10.3 17.1 23.9 32.9 42.4 51.8 63.0 70.9 78.8
Wyoming
8.0 13.4 18.8 29.1 36.8 44.4 61.5 68.5 75.4

(Jurisdiction) indicates that the country or jurisdiction did not satisfy one or more of the sample participation guidelines. See Appendix B.
Latvia-LSS: Latvian-speaking schools only
Results for the nations may differ from IEA reports because of the way averages were computed.
SOURCE: Tabulations based on data from the IEA Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 1994-1995, and the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1996.


Table 22.—Ninety-five percent confidence intervals and estimates for percent of students reaching TIMSS International Marker Levels in science at grade 8 based on actual 1995 TIMSS data for countries

Estimates indicated in gray shading

 
TIMSS International Marker Levels
Country
International Top Ten Percent
International Top Quarter
International Top Half
(Australia)
13.6 15.6 17.5 30.4 33.2 35.9 55.4 58.7 61.9
(Austria)
13.8 16.1 18.3 32.3 35.4 38.4 60.4 63.9 67.4
Belgium-Flemish
8.1 10.0 11.9 27.0 30.8 34.5 59.2 63.7 68.1
(Belgium-French)
0.6 1.2 1.8 6.0 7.5 9.0 25.6 28.7 31.7
(Bulgaria)
18.4 21.4 24.3 35.1 40.0 44.8 58.9 63.6 68.3
Canada
7.9 9.3 10.6 23.2 25.3 27.3 50.9 53.5 56.1
(Colombia)
0.0 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.9 1.4 5.4 7.5 9.6
Cyprus
0.6 1.2 1.8 5.3 7.0 8.6 24.3 26.5 28.6
Czech Republic
15.8 19.2 22.5 36.4 40.7 44.9 68.1 72.5 76.9
(Denmark)
1.5 2.4 3.2 7.4 9.2 10.9 29.4 32.1 34.8
England
14.6 17.0 19.4 30.8 34.2 37.5 57.0 60.5 63.9
France
0.6 1.3 1.9 9.5 11.2 12.9 34.3 37.4 40.4
(Germany)
9.2 11.4 13.5 25.2 28.6 32.0 50.1 54.4 58.6
(Greece)
2.9 3.9 4.8 12.6 14.2 15.8 34.7 37.8 40.8
Hong Kong
5.2 7.0 8.8 18.5 21.9 25.2 46.1 50.8 55.5
Hungary
11.7 13.6 15.5 30.7 33.6 36.5 60.2 63.4 66.6
Iceland
0.8 2.2 3.5 6.2 9.7 13.1 31.5 36.4 41.2
Iran, Islamic Republic
0.2 0.6 0.9 3.7 5.0 6.3 21.1 24.2 27.3
Ireland
9.4 11.7 14.0 25.7 29.2 32.6 52.4 56.5 60.6
(Israel)
7.9 10.8 13.7 19.8 24.7 29.6 45.8 51.2 56.5
Japan
16.5 18.2 19.8 39.3 41.1 42.8 69.8 71.3 72.7
Korea
16.3 18.1 19.9 36.5 38.6 40.7 65.5 67.6 69.7
(Kuwait)
0.0 0.1 0.2 0.6 1.6 2.5 8.0 10.6 13.1
Latvia-LSS
0.9 1.7 2.4 8.0 9.7 11.4 29.8 33.0 36.2
Lithuania
0.7 1.3 1.9 6.7 8.4 10.0 25.7 29.2 32.7
(Netherlands)
9.4 12.5 15.6 30.1 34.8 39.5 62.1 67.1 72.0
New Zealand
8.6 10.6 12.5 22.5 25.7 28.9 46.8 50.9 54.9
Norway
6.3 7.4 8.5 21.3 24.0 26.6 49.7 51.9 54.1
Portugal
0.1 0.7 1.2 5.4 6.8 8.1 25.2 28.1 31.0
(Romania)
3.5 4.7 5.9 13.3 16.1 18.9 31.6 35.6 39.5
Russian Federation
9.4 11.2 12.9 25.9 28.7 31.5 52.0 55.9 59.7
(Scotland)
6.3 8.6 10.9 18.9 22.7 26.5 43.6 48.1 52.6
Singapore
26.8 31.5 36.1 50.5 55.9 61.2 78.4 81.7 84.9
Slovak Republic
10.1 12.1 14.1 26.5 29.5 32.5 56.1 59.3 62.5
(Slovenia)
11.7 13.7 15.6 31.3 34.4 37.5 62.2 65.1 68.0
(South Africa)
0.1 0.6 1.0 0.3 1.0 1.7 2.6 5.4 8.1
Spain
3.2 4.2 5.2 16.3 18.1 19.8 44.7 46.9 49.0
Sweden
8.1 9.5 10.8 24.0 26.7 29.3 52.8 56.0 59.1
Switzerland
5.9 7.2 8.4 20.8 23.0 25.2 48.2 50.7 53.2
(Thailand)
2.5 3.7 4.8 14.7 18.5 22.3 46.7 51.4 56.0
United States
11.0 12.8 14.5 26.5 29.7 32.9 51.4 55.2 59.0
 
(Jurisdiction) indicates that the country or jurisdiction did not satisfy one or more of the sample participation guidelines. See Appendix B.
Latvia-LSS: Latvian-speaking schools only
Results for the nations may differ from IEA reports because of the way averages were computed.
SOURCE: Tabulations based on data from the IEA Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 1994-1995, and the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1996.



 

 

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