## APPENDIX C

### (Part 3 of 3: Nebraska—Wyoming)

This appendix presents one-page profiles for each state and jurisdiction participating in grade 8 mathematics in alphabetical order. Each page presents a table displaying how the state or jurisdiction would perform in comparison to the 41 nations that took TIMSS mathematics at grade 8. Each table indicates whether the actual scores of the participating TIMSS nations are significantly higher than, not significantly different from, or significantly lower than estimated average performance of the public school students in the state or jurisdiction. The significance of the difference of the estimated mean of the given jurisdiction and the actual means of the TIMSS countries are based on a Bonferroni multiple comparisons procedure that holds to 5 percent the probability of erroneously declaring any of the country means significantly different from the chosen jurisdiction's predicted mean.

A second profile is presented for the state of Minnesota in addition to the profile for the estimated average performance. Because actual TIMSS results for Minnesota's public school students are available, these are compared with the results of the 41 nations who participated in TIMSS for grade 8 mathematics.

Readers of these profiles are reminded that the state's or jurisdiction's TIMSS performance in grade 8 mathematics is estimated from its NAEP score, using the linking function, and must therefore be interpreted with caution. Furthermore, the calculations for the 1996 NAEP scores and 1995 TIMSS scores for the participating states, jurisdictions, and nations are based on samples of the student populations, not entire student populations. Hence, estimates are imprecise.

The SOLE purpose of these profiles is to allow the comparison of predicted TIMSS performances for individual states with the actual TIMSS performances of individual countries. It is NOT appropriate to use these profiles to compare performances between states or between countries. Accordingly, the profiles for the states and jurisdictions participating in NAEP grade 8 mathematics are arranged in alphabetical order. The proper between-state comparisons are provided in the NAEP mathematics report (Reese, et al., 1997), while the proper between country comparisons are provided in the TIMSS mathematics report (Beaton, Mullis, et al., 1997).

Comparison of Estimated TIMSS Scores from Public School NAEP Data for States and Jurisdictions with Actual TIMSS Scores for Nations: Grade 8 Mathematics States (1996), Nations (1995)

If the public school students in Nebraska participated in TIMSS, how would their average performance in mathematics compare to that of students in the 41 nations that took TIMSS at grade 8?

Nations whose performance is expected to be:

 Higher than Nebraska Not significantly different from Nebraska Lower than Nebraska Belgium—Flemish (Australia) (Colombia) Czech Republic (Austria) Cyprus Hong Kong (Belgium—French) (Denmark) Japan (Bulgaria) (England) Korea Canada (Greece) Singapore France Iceland (Germany) Iran, Islamic Republic Hungary (Kuwait) Ireland (Latvia—LSS) (Israel) (Lithuania) (Netherlands) Norway New Zealand Portugal Russian Federation (Romania) Slovak Republic (Scotland) (Slovenia) (South Africa) Sweden Spain (Switzerland) United States (average) (Thailand)

### State/Jurisdiction: New Mexico

If the public school students in New Mexico participated in TIMSS, how would their average performance in mathematics compare to that of students in the 41 nations that took TIMSS at grade 8?

Nations whose performance is expected to be:

 Higher than New Mexico Not significantly different from New Mexico Lower than New Mexico (Australia) Cyprus (Colombia) (Austria) (Greece) Iran, Islamic Republic Belgium—Flemish Iceland (Kuwait) (Belgium—French) (Latvia-LSS) Portugal (Bulgaria) (Lithuania) (South Africa) Canada (Romania) Czech Republic (Scotland) (Denmark) Spain (England) United States (average) France (Germany) Hong Kong Hungary Ireland (Israel) Japan Korea (Netherlands) New Zealand Norway Russian Federation Singapore Slovak Republic (Slovenia) Sweden (Switzerland) (Thailand)

### State/Jurisdiction: (New York)

If the public school students in New York participated in TIMSS, how would their average performance in mathematics compare to that of students in the 41 nations that took TIMSS at grade 8?

Nations whose performance is expected to be:

 Higher than New York Not significantly different from New York Lower than New York (Australia) Cyprus (Colombia) (Austria) (Denmark) Iran, Islamic Republic Belgium—Flemish (England) (Kuwait) (Belgium—French) (Germany) Portugal (Bulgaria) (Greece) (South Africa) Canada Iceland Czech Republic (Israel) France (Latvia—LSS) Hong Kong (Lithuania) Hungary New Zealand Ireland Norway Japan (Romania) Korea (Scotland) (Netherlands) Spain Russian Federation Sweden Singapore (Thailand) Slovak Republic United States (average) (Slovenia) (Switzerland)

### State/Jurisdiction: North Carolina

If the public school students in North Carolina participated in TIMSS, how would their average performance in mathematics compare to that of students in the 41 nations that took TIMSS at grade 8?

Nations whose performance is expected to be:

 Higher than North Carolina Not significantly different from North Carolina Lower than North Carolina (Australia) Cyprus (Colombia) (Austria) (Denmark) Iran, Islamic Republic Belgium—Flemish (England) (Kuwait) (Belgium—French) (Germany) Portugal (Bulgaria) (Greece) (South Africa) Canada Iceland Czech Republic (Israel) France (Latvia-LSS) Hong Kong (Lithuania) Hungary New Zealand Ireland Norway Japan (Romania) Korea (Scotland) (Netherlands) Spain Russian Federation United States (average) Singapore Slovak Republic (Slovenia) Sweden (Switzerland) (Thailand)

### State/Jurisdiction: North Dakota

If the public school students in North Dakota participated in TIMSS, how would their average performance in mathematics compare to that of students in the 41 nations that took TIMSS at grade 8?

Nations whose performance is expected to be:

 Higher than North Dakota Not significantly different from North Dakota Lower than North Dakota Belgium—Flemish (Australia) (Colombia) Czech Republic (Austria) Cyprus Hong Kong (Belgium—French) (Denmark) Japan (Bulgaria) (England) Korea Canada (Greece) Singapore France Iceland (Germany) Iran, Islamic Republic Hungary (Kuwait) Ireland (Latvia—LSS) (Israel) (Lithuania) (Netherlands) New Zealand Russian Federation Norway Slovak Republic Portugal (Slovenia) (Romania) Sweden (Scotland) (Switzerland) (South Africa) (Thailand) Spain United States (average)

### State/Jurisdiction: Oregon

If the public school students in Oregon participated in TIMSS, how would their average performance in mathematics compare to that of students in the 41 nations that took TIMSS at grade 8?

Nations whose performance is expected to be:

 Higher than Oregon Not significantly different from Oregon Lower than Oregon (Austria) (Australia) (Colombia) Belgium—Flemish (Belgium—French) Cyprus Czech Republic (Bulgaria) (Greece) France Canada Iran, Islamic Republic Hong Kong (Denmark) (Kuwait) Hungary (England) (Lithuania) Japan (Germany) Portugal Korea Iceland (Romania) Singapore Ireland (South Africa) Slovak Republic (Israel) Spain (Slovenia) (Latvia—LSS) (Switzerland) (Netherlands) New Zealand Norway Russian Federation (Scotland) Sweden (Thailand) United States (average)

### State/Jurisdiction: Rhode Island

If the public school students in Rhode Island participated in TIMSS, how would their average performance in mathematics compare to that of students in the 41 nations that took TIMSS at grade 8?

Nations whose performance is expected to be:

 Higher than Rhode Island Not significantly different from Rhode Island Lower than Rhode Island (Australia) Cyprus (Colombia) (Austria) (Denmark) Iran, Islamic Republic Belgium—Flemish (England) (Kuwait) (Belgium—French) (Germany) Portugal (Bulgaria) (Greece) (South Africa) Canada Iceland Czech Republic (Israel) France (Latvia-LSS) Hong Kong (Lithuania) Hungary New Zealand Ireland Norway Japan (Romania) Korea (Scotland) (Netherlands) Spain Russian Federation United States (average) Singapore Slovak Republic (Slovenia) Sweden (Switzerland) (Thailand)

### State/Jurisdiction: (South Carolina)

If the public school students in South Carolina participated in TIMSS, how would their average performance in mathematics compare to that of students in the 41 nations that took TIMSS at grade 8?

Nations whose performance is expected to be:

 Higher than South Carolina Not significantly different from South Carolina Lower than South Carolina (Australia) Cyprus (Colombia) (Austria) (Greece) Iran, Islamic Republic Belgium—Flemish Iceland (Kuwait) (Belgium—French) (Latvia-LSS) (South Africa) (Bulgaria) (Lithuania) Canada Portugal Czech Republic (Romania) (Denmark) (Scotland) (England) Spain France United States (average) (Germany) Hong Kong Hungary Ireland (Israel) Japan Korea (Netherlands) New Zealand Norway Russian Federation Singapore Slovak Republic (Slovenia) Sweden (Switzerland) (Thailand)

### State/Jurisdiction: Tennessee

If the public school students in Tennessee participated in TIMSS, how would their average performance in mathematics compare to that of students in the 41 nations that took TIMSS at grade 8?

Nations whose performance is expected to be:

 Higher than Tennessee Not significantly different from Tennessee Lower than Tennessee (Australia) Cyprus (Colombia) (Austria) (Denmark) Iran, Islamic Republic Belgium—Flemish (Greece) (Kuwait) (Belgium—French) Iceland Portugal (Bulgaria) (Latvia-LSS) (South Africa) Canada (Lithuania) Czech Republic (Romania) (England) (Scotland) France Spain (Germany) United States (average) Hong Kong Hungary Ireland (Israel) Japan Korea (Netherlands) New Zealand Norway Russian Federation Singapore Slovak Republic (Slovenia) Sweden (Switzerland) (Thailand)

### State/Jurisdiction: Texas

If the public school students in Texas participated in TIMSS, how would their average performance in mathematics compare to that of students in the 41 nations that took TIMSS at grade 8?

Nations whose performance is expected to be:

 Higher than Texas Not significantly different from Texas Lower than Texas (Australia) (Denmark) (Colombia) (Austria) (England) Cyprus Belgium—Flemish (Germany) Iran, Islamic Republic (Belgium—French) (Greece) (Kuwait) (Bulgaria) Iceland Portugal Canada (Israel) (South Africa) Czech Republic (Latvia—LSS) France (Lithuania) Hong Kong New Zealand Hungary Norway Ireland (Romania) Japan (Scotland) Korea Spain (Netherlands) Sweden Russian Federation (Thailand) Singapore United States (average) Slovak Republic (Slovenia) (Switzerland)

### State/Jurisdiction: Utah

If the public school students in Utah participated in TIMSS, how would their average performance in mathematics compare to that of students in the 41 nations that took TIMSS at grade 8?

Nations whose performance is expected to be:

 Higher than Utah Not significantly different from Utah Lower than Utah (Austria) (Australia) (Colombia) Belgium—Flemish (Belgium—French) Cyprus Czech Republic (Bulgaria) (Greece) France Canada Iceland Hong Kong (Denmark) Iran, Islamic Republic Hungary (England) (Kuwait) Japan (Germany) (Lithuania) Korea Ireland Portugal Singapore (Israel) (Romania) Slovak Republic (Latvia—LSS) (South Africa) (Slovenia) (Netherlands) Spain (Switzerland) New Zealand Norway Russian Federation (Scotland) Sweden (Thailand) United States (average)

### State/Jurisdiction: (Vermont)

If the public school students in Vermont participated in TIMSS, how would their average performance in mathematics compare to that of students in the 41 nations that took TIMSS at grade 8?

Nations whose performance is expected to be:

 Higher than Vermont Not significantly different from Vermont Lower than Vermont Belgium—Flemish (Australia) (Colombia) Czech Republic (Austria) Cyprus Hong Kong (Belgium—French) (Greece) Japan (Bulgaria) Iceland Korea Canada Iran, Islamic Republic Singapore (Denmark) (Kuwait) Slovak Republic (England) (Latvia—LSS) (Switzerland) France (Lithuania) (Germany) Portugal Hungary (Romania) Ireland (South Africa) (Israel) Spain (Netherlands) New Zealand Norway Russian Federation (Scotland) (Slovenia) Sweden (Thailand) United States (average)

### State/Jurisdiction: Virginia

If the public school students in Virginia participated in TIMSS, how would their average performance in mathematics compare to that of students in the 41 nations that took TIMSS at grade 8?

Nations whose performance is expected to be:

 Higher than Virginia Not significantly different from Virginia Lower than Virginia (Australia) Cyprus (Colombia) (Austria) (Denmark) Iran, Islamic Republic Belgium—Flemish (England) (Kuwait) (Belgium—French) (Germany) Portugal (Bulgaria) (Greece) (South Africa) Canada Iceland Czech Republic (Israel) France (Latvia-LSS) Hong Kong (Lithuania) Hungary New Zealand Ireland Norway Japan (Romania) Korea (Scotland) (Netherlands) Spain Russian Federation Sweden Singapore (Thailand) Slovak Republic United States (average) (Slovenia) (Switzerland)

### State/Jurisdiction: Washington

If the public school students in Washington participated in TIMSS, how would their average performance in mathematics compare to that of students in the 41 nations that took TIMSS at grade 8?

Nations whose performance is expected to be:

 Higher than Washington Not significantly different from Washington Lower than Washington (Austria) (Australia) (Colombia) Belgium—Flemish (Belgium—French) Cyprus Czech Republic (Bulgaria) (Greece) France Canada Iran, Islamic Republic Hong Kong (Denmark) (Kuwait) Hungary (England) (Lithuania) Japan (Germany) Portugal Korea Iceland (Romania) Singapore Ireland (South Africa) Slovak Republic (Israel) Spain (Slovenia) (Latvia—LSS) (Switzerland) (Netherlands) New Zealand Norway Russian Federation (Scotland) Sweden (Thailand) United States (average)

### State/Jurisdiction: West Virginia

If the public school students in West Virginia participated in TIMSS, how would their average performance in mathematics compare to that of students in the 41 nations that took TIMSS at grade 8?

Nations whose performance is expected to be:

 Higher than West Virginia Not significantly different from West Virginia Lower than West Virginia (Australia) Cyprus (Colombia) (Austria) (Denmark) Iran, Islamic Republic Belgium—Flemish (England) (Kuwait) (Belgium—French) (Germany) Portugal (Bulgaria) (Greece) (South Africa) Canada Iceland Czech Republic (Latvia-LSS) France (Lithuania) Hong Kong New Zealand Hungary Norway Ireland (Romania) (Israel) (Scotland) Japan Spain Korea United States (average) (Netherlands) Russian Federation Singapore Slovak Republic (Slovenia) Sweden (Switzerland) (Thailand)

### State/Jurisdiction: (Wisconsin)

If the public school students in Wisconsin participated in TIMSS, how would their average performance in mathematics compare to that of students in the 41 nations that took TIMSS at grade 8?

Nations whose performance is expected to be:

 Higher than Wisconsin Not significantly different from Wisconsin Lower than Wisconsin Belgium—Flemish (Australia) (Colombia) Czech Republic (Austria) Cyprus Hong Kong (Belgium—French) (Denmark) Japan (Bulgaria) (Greece) Korea Canada Iceland Singapore (England) Iran, Islamic Republic France (Kuwait) (Germany) (Latvia—LSS) Hungary (Lithuania) Ireland Norway (Israel) Portugal (Netherlands) (Romania) New Zealand (Scotland) Russian Federation (South Africa) Slovak Republic Spain (Slovenia) United States (average) Sweden (Switzerland) (Thailand)

### State/Jurisdiction: Wyoming

If the public school students in Wyoming participated in TIMSS, how would their average performance in mathematics compare to that of students in the 41 nations that took TIMSS at grade 8?

Nations whose performance is expected to be:

 Higher than Wyoming Not significantly different from Wyoming Lower than Wyoming (Austria) (Australia) (Colombia) Belgium—Flemish (Belgium—French) Cyprus (Bulgaria) Canada (Greece) Czech Republic (Denmark) Iran, Islamic Republic France (England) (Kuwait) Hong Kong (Germany) (Lithuania) Hungary Iceland Portugal Japan Ireland (Romania) Korea (Israel) (South Africa) (Netherlands) (Latvia—LSS) Spain Russian Federation New Zealand Singapore Norway Slovak Republic (Scotland) (Slovenia) Sweden (Switzerland) (Thailand) United States (average)

(Jurisdiction) indicates that the nation, state, or jurisdiction did not satisfy one or more of the sample participation guidelines.
Latvia-LSS: Latvian-speaking schools only
SOURCE: IEA Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS), 1994-1995, and the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1996.