Students in 1995 were much more likely to report that street gangs were present in their schools than were students in 1989 (28.4 percent v. 15.3 percent).
In 1995, Hispanic students were more likely than either white or black students to report the existence of street gangs in their schools (49.5 percent v. 23.0 percent and 34.7 percent, respectively). A similar set of relationships existed in 1989.
In 1989 and 1995, students living in households with higher incomes were less likely to report that street gangs were present at school than were students in households with lower incomes.
Students in central cities were more likely to respond that there were street gangs at their schools (40.7 percent) than were suburban students (26.3 percent) or students in nonmetropolitan areas (19.9 percent) in 1995. Similar results occurred in 1989.
Between 1989 and 1995, reports of gang presence increased in all three categories of student place of residence.
Students in public schools were more likely to report that street gangs were present at school than were students in private schools in both years. In 1995, 30.6 percent of students in public schools reported that street gangs were present compared to 6.8 percent in private schools. The 1989 percents were 16.4 and 4.4, respectively.
Public school students were more likely to report that street gangs were present at school in 1995 than in 1989, while private school students were about as likely to report that street gangs were present in both years.