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Statistics in Brief:

Public School Student Staff and Graduate Counts by State, School Year 1995-96

July 1997

Contact: Beth Young

(NCES 97-541) Ordering information

How many students were enrolled in public elementary and secondary schools in 1995–96? How many staff members were paid to teach, supervise, and provide support services for education? How many students graduated from high school? The information to answer these and other questions is reported in the ' State Nonfiscal Survey of Public Elementary and Secondary Education, School Year 1995–96.

How Many Students Were Enrolled in Public Elementary and Secondary Schools?

In school year 1995–96, there were 44.8 million students enrolled in public elementary and secondary schools in the 50 states and the District of Columbia ((table 1)). Of these students, 25.1 million were in prekindergarten through grade 6, an additional 19.0 million were in grades 7 through 12, and the remaining 0.7 million were ungraded students. (The five outlying areas are not included in national totals.)

California had the most public elementary and secondary school students (5,536,000), followed by Texas (3,748,000) and New York (2,813,000). The three lowest student counts were in the District of Columbia (80,000), Wyoming (100,000), and Vermont (106,000).

How Many Teacher's Were There?

About 2.6 million teachers provided instruction in public elementary and secondary schools in the 1995–96 school year ((table 2)). Among this group, 1,429,000 were elementary school teachers (including prekindergarten and kindergarten teachers) and 952,000 were secondary school teachers. The remaining 217,000 teachers taught ungraded students or were not assigned a specific grade.

The ratio of total students to total teachers for the nation was 17.3 students per teacher. These ratios ranged from lows of 13.8 students per teacher in New Jersey and Vermont to highs of 24.0 in California and 23.8 in Utah. The median student per teacher ratio was 16.7:1, that is, half the states had a higher student/teacher ratio than 16.7:1, and half the states had a lower ratio. Student/teacher ratios should not be interpreted as average class size since not all teachers are assigned to a class (for example, music and reading teachers in elementary schools).

How Many Staff Supervised or Provided Support Services for Public Education?

In addition to the teachers described previously, about 494,000 teacher's aides directly assisted teachers in providing instruction ((table3)). An additional 34,000 instructional coordinators and supervisors helped teachers through curriculum development and in-service training. Support staff for students included 88,000 guidance counselors and 51,000 librarians. This translates to about 512 students for every guidance counselor reported, and 882 students for each librarian. An additional 1,218,000 staff members provided support services for schools and students. This support included food, health, library, maintenance, transportation, security and other services in the nation's public schools. There were 121,000 school administrators (mostly principals and assistant principals), 49,000 school district administrators, and about 342,000 administrative support staff.

The relative distribution of all staff is illustrated in figure 1. Instructional staff made up 63 percent of all staff. Another 27 percent of all staff provided support services to schools and students. Administrative staff made up 10 percent of all education staff. On the average, there were 15 teachers and 9 support staff for each administrator. All of these distributions and ratios vary greatly from state to state.

Figure 1

How Many Students Graduated from High School During the 1994-95 School Year?

Some 2,274,000 students received regular high school diplomas in the 50 states and the District of Columbia during the 1994–95 school year and subsequent summer ((table 4)). An additional 207,000 students received alternative diplomas or high school equivalency certificates (the latter group includes only those who are 19 or younger except in Minnesota where they are 20 or younger). National totals for alternative and high school equivalency certificate recipients and other completers represent an undercount due to missing data in some states. Finally, some 22,000 students received some high school completion certificate other than a diploma. Note that some states grant only regular diplomas and the high school equivalency certificates.

Technical Notes

The "State Nonfiscal Survey" is an annual state-level collection of student, staff, and high school graduate counts for grades prekindergarten through 12. The data are collected from state education agencies (SEAs), processed and edited by the U.S. Bureau of the Census, and then verified by NCES. The "State Nonfiscal Survey" is part of the Common Core of Data collection.

All staff counts (including teachers) are in full-time equivalency units. This is the amount of time required to perform an assignment stated as a proportion of a full-time position, and computed by dividing the amount of time employed by the time normally required for a full–time position.

All states and outlying areas provided data for this survey. However, state agencies vary in their data collection and reporting systems, with resulting inconsistencies across states. Values that were missing and not reported elsewhere by the states were imputed. These items are noted as "imputed" in the data tables. The method used for all of the imputations was to: (a) create a subset of states reporting the item in question; (b) calculate the ratio of the missing item to total student membership for each state in the subset; (c) calculate the average ratio of item to membership; (d) multiply the total student membership of the state with the missing item by the average ratio; (e) substitute the imputed estimate for the missing item and then recompute the subtotals and totals. Imputations for prekindergarten students were ratioed to total students in grades K-12. Imputations for prekindergarten teachers were ratioed to prekindergarten students. Missing prekindergarten students were imputed first, and missing staff counts afterwards. Totals and subtotals are footnoted in the tables when one or more items included in the total are imputed or adjusted.

Several states collapse two or more categories of staff into one. In these cases, NCES disaggregates this number by distributing the reported amount to the several categories based on the average distribution of these staff in other states. Values affected by these distributions are footnoted as "adjusted" in the data tables. NCES made no adjustments or imputations to high school equivalency or other high school completion data.

For further information

For more information about the content of this report, or the data set, please contact CCD staff ..

Definitions

Administrative Support Staff: This category contains staff members who provide direct support to LEA and school administrators. This includes secretarial and other clerical staff, and persons whose activities are concerned with support of the teaching and administrative duties of the office of the principal or department chairpersons.

Graduate, High School: This is an individual who has received formal recognition from school authorities, by the granting of a diploma, for completing a prescribed course of studies at the secondary level school. See "Regular High School Graduates."

High School Equivalency Certificate: This is a formal document certifying that an individual met the state requirements for high school graduation equivalency by obtaining satisfactory scores on an approved examination, and meeting other performance requirements (if any) set by a state education agency or other appropriate body.

High School Equivalency Recipients: These are individuals age 19 or younger who received a high school equivalency certificate during the previous school year or subsequent summer.

Membership Count: This comprises the total student enrollment on October 1 (or the closest school day to October 1) for all grade levels and ungraded pupils. Includes students both present and absent on the measurement day.

Other Diploma Recipients: These are individuals who received a diploma from other than the regular school program during the previous school year and subsequent summer school.

Other High School Completers: These are individuals who received a certificate of attendance, or other certificate of completion, in lieu of a diploma during the previous school year and subsequent summer school.

Other Student Support Staff: This category contains library support staff, professional and supervisory staff providing non-instructional services to students, and support services staff not reported in other categories, (e.g., data processing, health, building and equipment maintenance, bus drivers, security, and food service workers).

Regular High School Graduates: These are those graduates who received a regular diploma during the previous school year and subsequent summer school.

Teachers of Ungraded Classes: This category includes teachers of classes or programs to which students are assigned without standard grade designation.

Ungraded: These are classes or programs to which students are assigned without standard grade designation.

Table 1.-- Public school membership, by grade and state: Fall 1995

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
		                          Pre-
		                         kinder-	Kinder-
  State	                    Total        garten         garten 	    Grade 1	 Grade 2      Grade 3	  Grade 4        Grade 5
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
United States          44,840,481 a/    636,846 a/   3,536,227    3,670,903    3,507,022    3,444,740 	3,430,583      3,437,943
Alabama   	          746,149 a/ 	  9,324 a/ 	59,739 	     61,694       57,452       57,732 	   56,486 	  57,142
Alaska	                  127,618         2,419 	10,567 	     10,444 	  10,352       10,030      10,222 	  10,112
Arizona	                  743,566 	  4,027 	61,420 	     64,215 	  61,418       59,828 	   60,202 	  59,894
Arkansas	          453,257 	  1,525 	36,731 	     36,369 	  34,257       33,621 	   33,955 	  34,875
California   	        5,536,406 a/ 	 69,182 a/     472,334 	    466,167 	 453,020      435,380 	  428,553 	 424,838
Colorado	          656,279 	 10,472 	50,316 	     52,767 	  51,786       52,030 	   52,783 	  52,646
Connecticut	          517,935 	  8,093 	44,148       45,969 	  43,030       42,010 	   41,365 	  40,650
Delaware	          108,461 	    670 	 7,775 	      8,579 	   8,721 	8,425 	    8,527 	   8,362
District of Columbia	   79,802 	  5,387 	 7,736 	      7,931 	   6,533 	6,063 	    5,852 	   5,332
Florida	                2,176,222 	 51,123        176,767 	    180,182 	 175,891      172,039 	  173,169 	 175,358
Georgia	                1,311,126 	 22,621        111,462 	    110,955 	 105,752      103,936 	  103,072 	 102,516
Hawaii	                  187,180 	    609 	16,562 	     16,013 	  15,546       15,106 	   14,867 	  14,489
Idaho	                  243,097 	  1,665 	17,750 	     18,260 	  18,285       17,952 	   17,640 	  18,626
Illinois	        1,943,623 	 45,947        151,485 	    154,534 	 149,128      142,500 	  142,660 	 142,836
Indiana	                  977,263 	  4,901 	73,833 	     80,279 	  74,964       71,585 	   72,356 	  73,101
Iowa	                  502,343 	  5,957 	37,629 	     36,107 	  35,029       34,884 	   36,431 	  37,204
Kansas	                  463,008 	  3,209 	33,925 	     35,538 	  35,037       35,100 	   36,004 	  36,596
Kentucky	          659,821 	 20,290 	45,038 	     47,250 	  45,845       56,613 	   46,834 	  48,572
Louisiana	          797,366 	 19,440 	61,323 	     63,719 	  59,414       59,552 	   61,315 	  61,232
Maine	                  213,569 	    821 	16,826 	     17,250 	  17,003       16,568 	   17,419 	  17,397
Maryland	          805,544 	 19,092 	63,232 	     67,348 	  65,055       63,940 	   62,207 	  61,814
Massachusetts	          915,007 	 14,792 	79,163 	     79,565 	  75,647       73,380 	   71,800 	  71,606
Michigan	        1,641,456 	  8,870         141,238     134,513 	 125,809      124,197 	  122,266 	 123,894
Minnesota	          835,166 	  8,340 	63,896 	     63,268 	  62,511       62,564 	   64,545 	  65,191
Mississippi	          506,272 	  1,083 	39,632 	     42,510 	  39,015       37,304 	   38,004 	  38,332
Missouri	          889,881 	 16,225 	68,513 	     69,659 	  67,080       66,928 	   68,159 	  68,889
Montana   	          165,547 	    519 b/ 	12,214 	     12,519 	  12,279       12,535 	   12,899 	  13,200
Nebraska	          289,744 	  3,853 	22,282 	     21,748 	  21,082       21,210 	   21,886 	  22,351
Nevada	                  265,041 	  1,631 	22,074 	     23,301 	  22,368       21,752 	   21,784 	  21,253
New Hampshire	          194,171 	  1,357 	 8,859 	     17,973 	  16,601       16,566 	   16,275 	  16,480
New Jersey	        1,197,381 	  9,301 	93,978 	    102,521 	  95,581       91,352 	   88,686 	  86,889
New Mexico	          329,640 	  3,426 	24,329 	     26,152 	  24,703       24,395 	   24,200 	  24,407
New York	        2,813,230 	 32,087        216,112 	    231,136 	 218,744      209,174 	  203,089 	 200,446
North Carolina	        1,183,090 	  9,013 	100,525     100,945 	  96,229       92,552 	   90,795 	  90,445
North Dakota	          119,100 	    551 	 8,573 	      8,824 	   8,678 	8,590 	    9,017 	   9,201
Ohio	                1,836,015 	 18,997        141,589 	    148,354 	 140,090      138,135 	  138,942 	 140,465
Oklahoma	          616,393 	  5,470 	48,635 	     54,178 	  46,642       46,456 	   47,407 	  48,073
Oregon	                  527,914 	    855 	39,875 	     41,952 	  40,802       40,790 	   41,721 	  42,083
Pennsylvania	        1,787,533 	  3,502        134,584 	    146,077 	 139,562      136,887 	  137,850 	 135,565
Rhode Island	          149,799 	    531 	10,947 	     13,868 	  12,343       12,053 	   11,596 	  11,439
South Carolina   	  645,586 a/ 	  8,067 a/ 	39,964 	     55,944 	  51,837       50,451 	   50,860 	  51,338
South Dakota	          144,685 	  1,475 	10,609 	     10,700 	  10,365       10,675 	   10,937 	  11,234
Tennessee   	          893,770 a/ 	 11,168 a/ 	73,962 	     76,015 	  69,266       67,326 	   67,705 	  67,859
Texas	                3,748,167 	133,754        281,708 	    303,928 	 294,298      291,993 	  292,191 	 293,834
Utah	                  477,121 	  3,455 	34,645 	     34,857 	  34,782       33,937 	   34,598 	  34,976
Vermont	      		  105,565 	  1,111 	 7,953 	      8,371 	   8,067 	8,200 	    8,287 	   8,327
Virginia	        1,079,854 	  3,111 	87,618 	     89,183 	  83,414       82,713 	   82,797 	  83,955
Washington	          956,572 	  5,984 	73,581 	     75,721 	  73,810       73,888 	   75,186 	  75,599
West Virginia	          307,112 	  3,499         22,577 	     22,875 	  21,610       21,991 	   22,178 	  22,478
Wisconsin	          870,175 	 18,045 	62,859 	     64,574 	  63,141       64,541 	   65,427 	  66,577
Wyoming   	           99,859 	      0 c/ 	 7,135 	      7,102 	   7,148 	7,311 	    7,577 	   7,965
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Outlying Areas
American Samoa             14,576 	  1,458 	 1,162 	      1,189 	   1,142 	1,181 	    1,089 	   1,052
Guam                       32,960 	    962 	 2,961 	      2,994 	   2,856 	2,739 	    2,722 	   2,549
Northern Marianas           8,809 	    560 	   598 	        781 	     781 	  805 	      683 	     667
Puerto Rico               627,620 	    255 	44,566 	     54,545 	  50,423       49,531 	   49,762 	  49,863
Virgin Islands   	   22,737 	      0 c/ 	 1,638 	      1,647 	   1,654 	1,717 	    1,655 	   1,712
(Table 1.-- Public school membership, by grade and state:  Fall 1995--continued)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  State	                  Grade 6	Grade 7	       Grade 8	    Grade 9	Grade 10     Grade 11	 Grade 12	Ungraded
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
United States 	        3,395,307     3,422,290      3,356,338 	  3,704,455 	3,237,391   2,826,023 	2,487,135 	 747,278
Alabama 	           58,704 	 61,122         59,914 	     65,299 	   53,780      46,780 	   40,981 	       0
Alaska	                    9,870 	  9,845 	 9,573 	     10,263 	    9,045 	7,765 	    7,111 	       0
Arizona			   58,281 	 58,829 	56,407 	     59,346 	   52,654      43,547 	   39,197 	   4,301
Arkansas	           35,104 	 37,023 	36,696 	     37,005 	   35,209      30,566 	   27,083 	   3,238
California  	          413,776 	409,978        399,039 	    437,974 	  396,020     343,419 	  287,428 	  99,298
											
Colorado	           51,856 	 52,282 	51,180 	     52,472 	   47,128      41,751 	   35,480 	   1,330
Connecticut	           39,468 	 38,253 	37,320 	     39,380 	   34,797      31,198 	   28,282 	   3,972
Delaware	            8,520 	  8,883 	 8,566 	     10,112 	    8,325 	6,785 	    6,211 	       0
District of Columbia	    4,980 	  5,052 	 4,749 	      5,159 	    4,896 	3,700 	    2,972 	   3,460
Florida	    		  174,079 	171,381        163,521 	    182,980 	  154,030     126,183 	   99,519 	       0
											
Georgia			  103,015 	102,287 	100,091     117,429        90,117      74,137 	   63,736 	       0
Hawaii	 		   14,617 	 14,022 	13,793 	     16,277 	   13,274      11,442 	   10,478 	      85
Idaho	   		   19,392 	 19,857 	20,129 	     20,195 	   19,349      17,904 	   16,093 	       0
Illinois	          138,679 	133,484        132,678 	    149,289 	  139,115     122,384 	  107,244 	  91,660
Indiana	 		   74,734 	 77,279 	78,278 	     83,436 	   76,232      67,902 	   62,659 	   5,724
											
Iowa			   37,117 	 38,833 	38,715 	     41,385 	   39,680      36,861 	   34,565 	  11,946
Kansas			   36,534 	 37,317 	36,782 	     38,484 	   35,290      31,064 	   28,491 	   3,637
Kentucky		   49,131 	 51,000 	50,091 	     56,572 	   49,429      43,614 	   38,797 	  10,745
Louisiana	           60,647 	 62,873 	57,918 	     68,655 	   55,225      47,422 	   40,663 	  17,968
Maine	                   17,280 	 17,206 	16,771 	     16,007 	   14,636      13,773 	   12,670 	   1,942
											
Maryland	 	   61,099 	 60,747 	58,835 	     64,468 	   54,286      47,345 	   42,974 	  13,102
Massachusetts		   69,122 	 67,176 	65,724 	     68,623 	   62,856      57,029 	   51,911 	   6,613
Michigan		  120,347 	120,121        118,996 	    129,820 	  112,588      99,551 	   87,840 	  71,406
Minnesota		   64,439 	 65,677 	65,649 	     67,226 	   64,478      59,589 	   57,793 	       0
Mississippi		   38,737 	 41,223 	39,809 	     43,241 	   35,552      28,587 	   25,741 	  17,502
											
Missouri		   67,847 	 69,368 	66,493 	     72,575 	   66,804      59,378 	   52,939 	   9,024
Montana 		   13,153 	 13,407 	13,342 	     13,921 	   12,569      11,635 	   10,897 	     458
Nebraska		   22,777 	 22,817 	23,016 	     23,813 	   23,184      20,450 	   19,275 	       0
Nevada			   20,616 	 20,449 	19,970 	     19,661 	   18,773      16,553 	   14,143 	     713
New Hampshire		   15,805 	 15,798 	15,487 	     15,420 	   13,597      12,387 	   10,996 	     570
New Jersey		   84,950 	 83,920 	81,997 	     84,649 	   76,042      70,493 	   65,647 	  81,375
New Mexico		   25,300 	 26,434 	25,893 	     29,164 	   24,981      20,195 	   17,078 	   8,983
New York		  197,470 	199,440        194,347 	    235,320 	  205,305     178,043 	  142,841 	 149,676
North Carolina	           88,925 	 89,747 	88,056 	     100,505 	   82,512      69,100 	   59,653 	  23,088
North Dakota	            9,270 	  9,770 	 9,859 	      9,927 	    9,377 	8,950 	    8,513 	       0
											
Ohio	  		  137,737 	141,979        142,469 	    159,777 	  138,771     125,275 	  114,879 	   8,556
Oklahoma	           48,683 	 49,709 	49,012 	     49,992 	   45,289      38,997 	   35,733 	   2,117
Oregon			   41,735 	 42,449 	42,141 	     42,438 	   39,326      36,420 	   33,202 	   2,125
Pennsylvania		  133,770 	137,376        136,069 	    150,460 	  134,653     121,885 	  111,050 	  28,243
Rhode Island		   11,586 	 11,515 	11,032 	     11,922 	   10,530 	9,113 	    8,263 	   3,061
											
South Carolina 	           51,322 	 52,214 	51,308 	     60,808 	   48,165      38,508 	   34,800 	       0
South Dakota	    	   11,143 	 11,583 	11,654 	     12,176 	   11,388 	10,090 	    9,116 	   1,540
Tennessee   		   66,227 	 68,309 	66,513 	     74,398 	   64,144      55,308 	   49,319 	  16,251
Texas		          288,502 	292,190        284,875 	    335,819 	  255,132     213,714 	  186,229 	       0
Utah			   35,877 	 36,693 	38,090 	     37,941 	   38,485      36,487 	   32,006 	  10,292
											
Vermont			    8,553 	  8,352 	 8,006 	      8,125 	    7,465 	6,909 	    6,507 	   1,332
Virginia		   82,996 	 81,619 	81,254 	     86,779 	   76,045      66,764 	   62,204 	  29,402
Washington	           75,313 	 75,875 	75,052 	     78,514 	   73,402      65,035 	   59,612 	       0
West Virginia	  	   22,825 	 24,521 	25,089 	     26,261 	   24,769      22,052 	   21,844 	   2,543
Wisconsin		   65,289 	 66,723 	65,788 	     74,700 	   70,262      64,458 	   57,791 	       0
Wyoming 		    8,108 	  8,283 	 8,302 	      8,293 	    8,430 	7,526 	    6,679 	       0
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Outlying Areas
American Samoa              1,042 	    941 	   951 	        915 	      837 	  796 	      756 	      65
Guam                        2,384 	  2,342 	 2,368 	      2,862 	    2,122 	1,666 	    1,433 	       0
Northern Marianas             642 	    712 	   596 	        575 	      536 	  406 	      467 	       0
Puerto Rico                47,978 	 51,731 	48,934 	     45,673 	   44,939      38,184 	   32,535 	  18,701
Virgin Islands 	            1,577         2,285          1,607 	      1,774         1,629 	1,251 	    1,102 	   1,489
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
a/       Values for prekindergarten students were imputed based on current year (Fall 1995) data.
b/       Montana reports some prekindergarten students as kindergarten students.
c/       Wyoming and the Virgin Islands do not have a prekindergarten program.
SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, , Common Core of Data, State Nonfiscal Survey.

Table 2.--Public school student/teacher ratio, student membership, and teachers, by level of instruction and state: Fall 1995
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                    Total student/                                 Pre-                                                Teachers
                       teacher       Total          Total      kindergarten  Kindergarten   Elementary    Secondary  of ungraded
  State                 ratio     membership      teachers       teachers      teachers      teachers      teachers    classes
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  United States          17.3     44,840,481 \a\ 2,598,220 \b\   25,176 \b\    123,224 \c\  1,280,452 \c\   952,189 \c   217,179
Alabama                  16.9        746,149 \a\    44,056          133          3,497         21,305        19,121            0
Alaska                   17.3        127,618         7,379           57            369          4,354         2,599            0
Arizona                  19.6        743,566        38,017          168          1,637         25,713        10,499            0
Arkansas                 17.1        453,257        26,449           74          1,995         11,813        12,370          197
California               24.0      5,536,406 \a\   230,849 \b\    3,625 \b\     15,279        126,697        60,743       24,505
Colorado                 18.5        656,279        35,388          262          1,258         16,478        17,390            0
Connecticut              14.4        517,935        36,070          136          1,374         19,720         9,445        5,395
Delaware                 16.8        108,461         6,463           33            167          3,005         3,258            0
District of Columbia     15.0         79,802         5,305          284            309          2,490         1,815          407
Florida                  18.9      2,176,222       114,938          912          6,411         43,337        42,745       21,533
Georgia                  16.5      1,311,126        79,480        1,453          5,295         34,140        38,592            0
Hawaii                   17.8        187,180        10,500          101 \c\        451 \c\      5,291 \c\     4,616           41
Idaho                    19.0        243,097        12,784           99            410          5,996         6,122          157
Illinois                 17.1      1,943,623       113,538        1,162          4,456         62,354        29,208       16,358
Indiana                  17.5        977,263        55,821          277          2,235         25,745        24,881        2,683
Iowa                     15.5        502,343        32,318          421          1,779         16,951        12,063        1,104
Kansas                   15.1        463,008        30,729          151          1,076         13,525        12,878        3,099
Kentucky                 16.9        659,821        39,120          890          1,552         24,980        11,698            0
Louisiana                17.0        797,366        46,980          334          2,138 \c\     25,219 \c\    19,289 \c         0
Maine                    13.9        213,569        15,392          183 \c\        815 \c\      9,555 \c\     4,839            0
Maryland                 16.8        805,544        47,819          447          1,615         22,937        22,820            0
Massachusetts            14.6        915,007        62,710          375 \c\      1,668 \c\     21,078        30,891        8,698
Michigan                 19.7      1,641,456        83,179          788          3,081         32,537        38,200        8,573
Minnesota                17.8        835,166        46,971           50          1,557         22,372        22,983            9
Mississippi              17.5        506,272        28,997          215          1,553         13,279         9,070        4,880
Missouri                 15.4        889,881        57,951          773          2,745         25,868        27,817          748
Montana                  16.4        165,547        10,076          121 \c\        539 \c\      6,314 \c\     3,102            0
Nebraska                 14.5        289,744        20,028          199 \c\        885 \c\     10,368 \c\     8,506           70
Nevada                   19.1        265,041        13,878          194            434          6,429         5,210        1,611
New Hampshire            15.7        194,171        12,346           87            253          8,107         3,899            0
New Jersey               13.8      1,197,381        86,706          232          3,021         45,106        26,362       11,985
New Mexico               17.0        329,640        19,398          133            798         10,380         4,518        3,569
New York                 15.5      2,813,230       181,559        2,028         10,241         80,281        62,355       26,654
North Carolina           16.2      1,183,090        73,201          811          4,834         37,345        25,795        4,416
North Dakota             15.9        119,100         7,501           93            284          4,684         2,440            0
Ohio                     17.1      1,836,015       107,347          996          3,554         66,826        35,718          253
Oklahoma                 15.7        616,393        39,364          183          1,517         16,882        16,601        4,181
Oregon                   19.8        527,914        26,680           55            969         12,865         8,981        3,810
Pennsylvania             17.0      1,787,533       104,921          833 \c\      3,706 \c\     43,436 \c\    44,455       12,491
Rhode Island             14.3        149,799        10,482           42            317          4,181         4,477        1,465
South Carolina           16.2        645,586 \a\    39,922          450          1,348         25,324        12,800            0
South Dakota             15.0        144,685         9,641           28            310          5,551         2,676        1,076
Tennessee                16.7        893,770 \a\    53,403          120          3,309         34,540        13,939        1,495
Texas                    15.6      3,748,167       240,371        3,774         12,448        102,659        88,843       32,647
Utah                     23.8        477,121        20,039          116            745          8,301         8,390        2,487
Vermont                  13.8        105,565         7,676           51            284          2,794         2,969        1,578
Virginia                 14.4      1,079,854        74,731 \b\      163 \b\      3,600 \c\     42,462 \c\    28,506            0
Washington               20.4        956,572        46,907           63          2,048         22,312        18,501        3,983
West Virginia            14.6        307,112        21,073          125          1,011          9,464         6,788        3,685
Wisconsin                15.8        870,175        55,033          876          1,850         34,082        17,015        1,210
Wyoming                  14.8         99,859         6,734            0 \d\        197          3,020         3,391          126
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - - - -
  Outlying Areas
American Samoa           20.0         14,576           728          117             31            373           192           15
Guam                     18.3         32,960         1,802           16            158            627           825          176
Northern Marianas        20.9          8,809           422            1             16            223           182            0
Puerto Rico              16.0        627,620        39,328           22          1,258         20,400        14,386        3,262
Virgin Islands           14.0         22,737         1,622            0 \d\         77            654           814           77
__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
a\ Values for prekindergarten students were imputed based on current year (Fall 1995) data.
b\ Prekindergarten teacher counts were imputed based on current year data (Fall 1995).
c\ Teacher counts were adjusted by NCES.
d\ Wyoming, and Virgin Islands do not have prekindergarten programs.

NOTE: Teacher counts are full-time equivalency (FTE) counts. Elementary and secondary teacher counts are not directly comparable across states due to differences in the grades included in these designations.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, , Common Core of Data, State Nonfiscal Survey.


Table 3.--Number of staff employed by public elementary and secondary school systems and percentage of total staff, by category and state: Fall 1995
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                                                                 Instructional
                                                                                 coordinators
                                           Teachers     Instructional aides     and supervisors      Guidance counselors
  State                              -----------------  -------------------   ---------- ---------   --------------------
                    Total staff       Number   Percent     Number   Percent    Number    Percent      Number    Percent
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  United States      4,994,358 \a\ 2,598,220 \b\ 52.0     494,289 \a\  9.9     33,683 \a\   0.7       87,528      1.8
Alabama                 83,256        44,056     52.9       6,657      8.0        980       1.2        1,684      2.0
Alaska                  15,022 \a\     7,379     49.1       1,751     11.7        112 \a\   0.7          225      1.5
Arizona                 75,931        38,017     50.1       9,613     12.7        182       0.2        1,050      1.4
Arkansas                49,178        26,449     53.8       3,523      7.2        179       0.4        1,223      2.5
California             444,014 \a\   230,849 \b\ 52.0      56,822     12.8      4,685       1.1        5,115      1.2
Colorado                67,447        35,388     52.5       5,919      8.8        775       1.1        1,080      1.6
Connecticut             66,133        36,070     54.5       7,520     11.4        453       0.7        1,116      1.7
Delaware                11,869         6,463     54.5         861      7.3         58       0.5          215      1.8
District of Columbia     9,410         5,305     56.4         327      3.5        144       1.5          217      2.3
Florida                237,721       114,938     48.3      24,111     10.1        812       0.3        4,794      2.0
Georgia                165,058 \a\    79,480     48.2      21,709     13.2        691       0.4        2,476      1.5
Hawaii                  16,841        10,500     62.3         937      5.6        438       2.6          540      3.2
Idaho                   21,814        12,784     58.6       1,914      8.8        210       1.0          520      2.4
Illinois               209,036       113,538     54.3      21,137     10.1      1,656       0.8        2,823      1.4
Indiana                116,363        55,821     48.0      14,421     12.4      1,368       1.2        1,720      1.5
Iowa                    62,075        32,318     52.1       6,083      9.8        382       0.6        1,331      2.1
Kansas                  57,265        30,729     53.7       4,760      8.3         74       0.1        1,087      1.9
Kentucky                84,425        39,120     46.3      10,916     12.9        434       0.5        1,282      1.5
Louisiana               93,070        46,980     50.5      10,026     10.8      1,026       1.1        2,610      2.8
Maine                   29,413        15,392     52.3       3,776     12.8        113       0.4          600      2.0
Maryland                87,868        47,819     54.4       7,318      8.3        701       0.8        1,830      2.1
Massachusetts          113,154        62,710     55.4      12,867     11.4      1,065       0.9        2,090      1.8
Michigan               177,495        83,179     46.9      14,318      8.1        497       0.3        2,871      1.6
Minnesota               74,891        46,971     62.7       6,088      8.1        487       0.7          902      1.2
Mississippi             60,855        28,997     47.6       8,758     14.4        418       0.7          824      1.4
Missouri               120,621        57,951     48.0       7,228      6.0      1,244       1.0        2,593      2.1
Montana                 18,586 \a\    10,076     54.2       1,938 \a\ 10.4        155       0.8          403      2.2
Nebraska                37,894        20,028     52.9       3,578      9.4        236       0.6          755      2.0
Nevada                  23,742        13,878     58.5       1,489      6.3        101       0.4          498      2.1
New Hampshire           23,143        12,346     53.3       3,519     15.2        144 \c\   0.6          620      2.7
New Jersey             163,069        86,706     53.2      13,936      8.5      1,305       0.8        3,150      1.9
New Mexico              40,124        19,398     48.3       4,574     11.4        553       1.4          645      1.6
New York               355,723       181,559     51.0      28,001      7.9      1,263       0.4        5,456      1.5
North Carolina         140,204 \a\    73,201     52.2      22,287     15.9        720       0.5        2,976      2.1
North Dakota            13,804         7,501     54.3       1,471     10.7         54       0.4          248      1.8
Ohio                   194,579       107,347     55.2      10,092      5.2        353       0.2        3,219      1.7
Oklahoma                83,802 \a\    39,364     47.0       7,186      8.6        590       0.7        1,390      1.7
Oregon                  51,458        26,680     51.8       6,381     12.4        341       0.7        1,229      2.4
Pennsylvania           198,087       104,921     53.0      14,831      7.5      1,594       0.8        3,676      1.9
Rhode Island            16,517        10,482     63.5       1,458      8.8         78       0.5          309      1.9
South Carolina          74,859 \a\    39,922     53.3       7,558 \a\ 10.1        467       0.6        1,517      2.0
South Dakota            18,126 \a\     9,641     53.2       2,302     12.7        148       0.8          354      2.0
Tennessee               98,948        53,403     54.0       9,992     10.1        761 \c\   0.8        1,456      1.5
Texas                  462,661       240,371     52.0      43,046      9.3      1,100       0.2        8,219      1.8
Utah                    37,385        20,039     53.6       5,037     13.5        465       1.2          596      1.6
Vermont                 15,640         7,676     49.1       2,931     18.7        294       1.9          332      2.1
Virginia               137,546 \a\    74,731 \b\ 54.3      12,072      8.8      1,483       1.1        3,111      2.3
Washington              91,322 \a\    46,907     51.4       8,582      9.4        841 \a\   0.9        1,758      1.9
West Virginia           38,645        21,073     54.5       2,957      7.7        322       0.8          611      1.6
Wisconsin               95,105        55,033     57.9       8,361      8.8      1,090       1.1        1,925      2.0
Wyoming                 13,164         6,734     51.2       1,350     10.3         41       0.3          257      2.0
 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
  Outlying Areas
American Samoa           1,417           728     51.4          15      1.1         26       1.8           19      1.3
Guam                     3,728         1,802     48.3         476     12.8         18       0.5           80      2.1
Northern Marianas        1,054           422     40.0         216     20.5         17       1.6           28      2.7
Puerto Rico             69,731        39,328     56.4          --       --        618       0.9          886      1.3
Virgin Islands           3,421         1,622     47.4         298      8.7         21       0.6           86      2.5
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
See end of the table for footnotes.

Table 3(continued)--Number of staff employed by public elementary and secondary school systems and percentage of total staff, by category and state: Fall 1995--Continued

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                         Other student            School           School district     Administrative
                        Librarians       support staff        administrators        administrators      support staff
  State               --------------    ---------- --------   -----------------    ----------------    -----------------
                    Number   Percent    Number     Percent    Number    Percent   Number    Percent    Number    Percent
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  United States     50,862     1.0    1,218,001 \a\  24.4    120,629 \c\  2.4     49,315 \c\  1.0     341,831 \a\  6.8
Alabama              1,259     1.5       22,483      27.0      2,221      2.7        428      0.5       3,488      4.2
Alaska                 147     1.0        3,392 \c\  22.6        436      2.9        294 \c\  2.0       1,286      8.6
Arizona                737     1.0       18,085      23.8      1,611      2.1        428      0.6       6,208      8.2
Arkansas               952     1.9       12,765      26.0      1,460      3.0        554      1.1       2,073      4.2
California             896     0.2       87,895      19.8     10,335      2.3      2,155      0.5      45,262     10.2
Colorado               700     1.0       15,142      22.5      1,749      2.6        846      1.3       5,848      8.7
Connecticut            672     1.0       13,351      20.2      1,823      2.8        955      1.4       4,173      6.3
Delaware               122     1.0        2,829      23.8        399      3.4         87      0.7         835      7.0
District of Columbia   143     1.5        1,837      19.5        305      3.2        402      4.3         730      7.8
Florida              2,560     1.1       59,193      24.9      5,964      2.5      1,739      0.7      23,610      9.9
Georgia              1,987     1.2       44,159 \a\  26.8      3,754      2.3      2,127      1.3       8,675      5.3
Hawaii                 287     1.7        2,625      15.6        483      2.9        141      0.8         890      5.3
Idaho                  185     0.8        4,330      19.8        661      3.0        114      0.5       1,096      5.0
Illinois             1,941     0.9       46,366 \a\  22.2      5,132      2.5      3,292      1.6      13,151 \c\  6.3
Indiana              1,021     0.9       31,388      27.0      2,818      2.4        928      0.8       6,878      5.9
Iowa                   662     1.1       15,092      24.3      1,762      2.8        519      0.8       3,926      6.3
Kansas                 972     1.7       13,761      24.0      1,671      2.9      1,253      2.2       2,958      5.2
Kentucky             1,173     1.4       23,490      27.8      1,906      2.3      1,170      1.4       4,934      5.8
Louisiana            1,172     1.3       25,198      27.1      2,379      2.6        265      0.3       3,414      3.7
Maine                  238     0.8        6,296 \c\  21.4        853      2.9        448      1.5       1,697 \c\  5.8
Maryland             1,043     1.2       21,803      24.8      2,647      3.0        720      0.8       3,987      4.5
Massachusetts          611     0.5       22,110      19.5      2,166      1.9        991      0.9       8,544      7.6
Michigan             1,450     0.8       58,443      32.9      5,079      2.9      2,250      1.3       9,408      5.3
Minnesota              986     1.3       12,309      16.4      1,589      2.1      1,288      1.7       4,271      5.7
Mississippi            750     1.2       15,508      25.5      1,493      2.5        906      1.5       3,201      5.3
Missouri             1,368     1.1       35,618 \c\  29.5      2,579      2.1        638      0.5      11,402 \c\  9.5
Montana                348     1.9        3,801 \a\  20.5        489      2.6        156      0.8       1,220 \a\  6.6
Nebraska               575     1.5        9,382      24.8        953      2.5        612      1.6       1,775      4.7
Nevada                 241     1.0        5,032      21.2        680      2.9        184      0.8       1,639      6.9
New Hampshire          281     1.2        4,439 \c\  19.2        479 \c\  2.1        360      1.6         955 \c\  4.1
New Jersey           1,781     1.1       35,604      21.8      4,383      2.7      1,680      1.0      14,524      8.9
New Mexico             259     0.6        9,143      22.8        859      2.1        435      1.1       4,258     10.6
New York             2,998     0.8       97,700      27.5      6,878      1.9      2,737      0.8      29,131      8.2
North Carolina       2,176     1.6       25,910 \a\  18.5      3,993      2.8      1,285      0.9       7,656 \c\  5.5
North Dakota           183     1.3        3,047      22.1        394      2.9        435      3.2         471      3.4
Ohio                 1,628     0.8       45,661      23.5        971      0.5      5,242      2.7      20,066     10.3
Oklahoma               902     1.1       27,114 \a\  32.4      1,456      1.7        533      0.6       5,267      6.3
Oregon                 612     1.2        9,768      19.0      1,622      3.2        874      1.7       3,951      7.7
Pennsylvania         2,202     1.1       50,328      25.4      4,087      2.1      1,344      0.7      15,104      7.6
Rhode Island            75     0.5        2,470      15.0        361      2.2        148      0.9       1,136      6.9
South Carolina       1,097     1.5       17,052 \a\  22.8      2,224      3.0        264      0.4       4,758 \a\  6.4
South Dakota           202     1.1        3,596 \a\  19.8        473      2.6        268      1.5       1,142      6.3
Tennessee            1,386     1.4       20,197 \c\  20.4      4,654      4.7        918      0.9       6,181 \c\  6.2
Texas                4,252     0.9      136,241 \c\  29.4     11,251      2.4      2,580      0.6      15,601      3.4
Utah                   291     0.8        7,487      20.0        926      2.5        109      0.3       2,435      6.5
Vermont                216     1.4        2,774      17.7        411      2.6        152      1.0         854      5.5
Virginia             1,950     1.4       32,542      23.7      3,535      2.6      1,760      1.3       6,362      4.6
Washington           1,263     1.4       21,905 \a\  24.0      2,501      2.7      1,015      1.1       6,550      7.2
West Virginia          357     0.9        9,690      25.1      1,095      2.8        279      0.7       2,261      5.9
Wisconsin            1,416     1.5       18,152      19.1      2,353      2.5        842      0.9       5,933      6.2
Wyoming                137     1.0        3,498      26.6        326      2.5        165      1.3         656      5.0
 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - -  - - - - - - - - - -- - - - - - - - - - -- - - -
  Outlying Areas
American Samoa           6     0.4          435      30.7         60      4.2         30      2.1          98      6.9
Guam                    30     0.8          934      25.1         62      1.7         15      0.4         311      8.3
Northern Marianas        4     0.4          209      19.8         30      2.8          9      0.9         119     11.3
Puerto Rico            865     1.2       21,638      31.0      1,382      2.0        314      0.5       4,700      6.7
Virgin Islands          46     1.3          800      23.4         86      2.5         36      1.1         426     12.5
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
a/ The staff data were imputed based on current year (Fall 1995) data.
b/ Prekindergarten teachers were imputed based on current year data affecting the total teacher count.
c/ Staff data adjusted by NCES.

-- Data not available.

NOTE: All staff counts are full-time eqivalency counts.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, , Common Core of Data, State Nonfiscal Survey.


Table 4.--Number of public school graduates, 12th-grade student membership, and 9th-grade student membership 3 years earlier, by state: School year 1994-95
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                           Regular         Other           12th-           9th-       High school       Other
                         high school      diploma          grade          grade       equivalency    high school
                          graduates      recipients     membership     membership     recipients     completers
        State            1994-95 \a\      1994-95         1994-95         1991-92     1994-95 \b\      1994-95
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  United States \c\       2,273,541        66,189       2,487,928       3,313,235      141,001         22,465
Alabama                      36,268             0          41,730          60,210        2,549          3,568
Alaska                        5,765             0           7,057           8,449          923             10
Arizona                      30,989           ---          40,119          49,038          ---             57
Arkansas                     24,636         3,955          27,161          33,693          ---            785
California                  255,200        48,339         285,132         398,734          ---            ---
Colorado                     32,409             0          35,464          44,345        4,251            576
Connecticut                  26,445            46          28,640          35,258        1,493              0
Delaware                      5,234           287           5,865           8,085           98             56
District of Columbia          2,974             0           3,203           4,947          794             87
Florida                      89,827         2,056         100,835         152,073       16,154          1,181
Georgia                      56,660         1,364          64,606         100,108          ---          1,712
Hawaii                        9,407            24          10,473          12,550            4            549
Idaho                        14,198            68          15,780          17,855          323             34
Illinois                    105,164             0         109,360         139,324          ---              0
Indiana                      56,058           722          62,699          79,913        3,045            256
Iowa                         31,268           326          34,125          36,745        2,100             87
Kansas                       26,125             0          28,811          33,772          ---              0
Kentucky                     37,626             0          39,482          53,502          ---              0
Louisiana                    36,480             0          40,666          62,111        9,578              0
Maine                        11,501           202          12,534          15,916          585             42
Maryland                     41,387             0          43,223          55,972          ---            454
Massachusetts                47,679             0          51,618          62,699          ---              0
Michigan                     84,628         1,552          88,136         122,740        1,992            910
Minnesota \b\                49,354             0          55,982          56,892        3,637              0
Mississippi                  23,837            25          26,436          39,664        3,272          1,670
Missouri                     48,862             0          52,654          67,214        8,629              0
Montana                      10,134             0          10,681          11,842        1,049              0
Nebraska                     17,969            53          19,144          21,310          266             43
Nevada                       10,038           772          13,659          15,412        2,119            172
New Hampshire                10,145             0          10,919          13,541        1,912              0
New Jersey                   67,403             0          65,662          80,717        9,204              0
New Mexico                   14,928             0          16,925          23,314        2,509            251
New York                    132,401         3,833         144,139         214,204       13,284            202
North Carolina               59,540            29          62,324          90,900        5,890          1,148
North Dakota                  7,817             0           8,418           9,006          336              0
Ohio                        109,418             0         112,266         146,702        4,378              0
Oklahoma                     33,319             0          35,899          44,238        6,965              0
Oregon                       26,713           216          33,356          38,787        3,427          2,901
Pennsylvania                104,146             0         109,885         134,714        7,811              0
Rhode Island                  7,826             0           8,440          10,774          607              4
South Carolina               30,680             0          35,376          55,650        2,271          2,003
South Dakota                  8,355           115           8,925           9,651          ---             21
Tennessee                    43,556             0          49,401          68,300        5,048          1,799
Texas                       170,322             0         183,737         285,063          ---            ---
Utah                         27,670         1,423          33,337          34,977          372            458
Vermont                       5,871           105           6,458           6,568          ---             13
Virginia                     58,260           ---          62,899            80993         ---          1,384
Washington                   49,294            85          58,150          67,184        4,491              0
West Virginia                20,131           517          22,058          26,694        1,451              0
Wisconsin                    51,735             0          57,437          63,354        8,184              0
Wyoming                       5,889            75           6,642           7,531          ---             32
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
  Outlying areas
American Samoa                  695             0             809             912           32             18
Guam                            987             0           1,154           2,584            0              0
Northern Marianas               319             0             384             388            0              0
Puerto Rico                  29,747        14,813          32,610          47,433        6,589              0
Virgin Islands                  995           ---           1,097           1,761          ---              0               
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________        
--- Data missing or not available.
a\ Regular high school graduates may include summer graduates not included in 12th grade membership.
b\ Includes recipients ages 19 or younger, except in Minnnesota where they are ages 20 or younger.
c\ National totals for other diploma recipients, high school equivalency recipients and other high school completers are undercounts due to missing data in some states.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, , Common Core of Data, State Nonfiscal Survey.


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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education