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Overview of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Districts: School Year 1994-95

NCES 96-219

September 1996


Types of Public Schools

In the 1994-95 school year 84,705 public schools provided instruction to 44.1 million students in the United States (table 1). 1 This was an increase of about 1 percent over the previous year, for both students and schools. Most of these institutions were regular schools (79,946). While regular schools often provide a range of special, vocational, and alternative programs in addition to their traditional curriculum offerings, there are some schools that offer only these specialized programs. Among this group in 1994-95 were 1,796 schools whose major function was to provide special education for disabled students and 359 schools identified as vocational. There were 2,604 schools offering other alternative programs, an increase of about 15 percent from 1993-94.

The great majority of public school students, 98.2 percent, were enrolled in regular schools. An additional 0.5 percent were in special education schools, 0.4 percent in vocational schools, and 1.0 percent in alternative schools. New Hampshire and North Dakota served all of their public school students in regular schools. Delaware had the largest proportion of students in non-regular schools, a total of 7.6 percent.

1 See Key Terms. Although the outlying areas are included in the tables, national totals exclude American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and the Department of Defense Dependents Schools. Comparisons are based on the Overview of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Districts: School Year 1993-94

Schools and Community Size

Table 2 shows that while one in eight schools was located in a large city (12.7 percent), one out of six public school students (17.3 percent) attended large city schools. The greatest number of schools were in rural locales (26.6 percent) but rural schools accounted for only 15.6 percent of all students. Overall, seven-tenths of public school students attended schools within, or on the fringes of, large and midsize cities.

Primary, Middle, High Schools

Among the 84,705 public schools with students in membership during the 1994-95 school year, about 59.5 percent spanned the traditional primary grades, typically beginning with prekindergarten or kindergarten and going no higher than grade 8 (table 3); see Key Terms for complete definitions of instructional levels). About half (50.7 percent) of the nation's public school students were enrolled in these schools. An additional 17.0 percent of the schools covered the upper elementary and middle grades, and offered instruction to 19.5 percent of public school students.High schools represented 18.7 percent of the schools reported, and enrolled 26.6 percent of the total number of students. About 4.9 percent of schools (serving 3. 1 percent of the students) followed some other grade configuration, including schools that spanned all of grades kindergarten through 12 and those that were ungraded.

School District Grade Spans

In 1994-95 there were 14,909 public education agencies providing education services directly to students in the United States2. Some of these were operated directly by states or federal agencies, or had a primary role other than that of administering regular educational services. However, the majority of public education agencies (14,400) were regular school districts providing education to children within their jurisdiction (table 4).

2There were 16,257 education agencies in 1994–95. Of these, 14,772 were regular school districts and 1,485 were agencies that typically offer research, administrative, or other support to client agencies. Some 372 of the regular school districts and 976 of the other agencies did not report students. The 14,909 agencies cited exclude the 1,352 without students.

States varied in the organization of their regular education agencies. Hawaii and the District of Columbia each consist of a single school district. Forty of the other 49 states served 90 percent or more of their students in comprehensive districts that spanned the elementary and secondary grades. However, in seven states, fewer than 80 percent of the students were enrolled in comprehensive districts.

Among the 14,400 regular school districts with pupils in membership, 3,212 were responsible for only the elementary grades, beginning with grades prekindergarten, kindergarten, or one and ending at grade eight or below (table 4). These districts enrolled 5.8 percent of the nation's public school students. An additional 538 agencies could be characterized as secondary school districts, with a lowest grade of 7 or higher and a highest grade of 12. Some 2.2 percent of all students attended schools in these districts. However, almost three out of four districts (10,525) managed instruction from the beginning of school through graduation. Fully 91.8 percent of all students were enrolled in these comprehensive school districts.

School District Size

School districts ranged greatly in size, as measured by the number of students in membership. A very few districts (22) enrolled 100,000 or more students while a larger number (1,742) reported fewer than 150 students (table 5).

However, while small in number, the largest districts served a considerable portion of America's public school students. Although only about 1.5 percent of districts served 25,000 or more students, fully 29.9 percent of students received their education in these largest districts. To show the contrast from a different perspective, almost half of the school districts in the United States had fewer than 1,000 students in 1994–95. At the same time, almost half of the public school students in this country attended schools in districts of 10,000 students or more.

Student Characteristics

Because participation in the Free Lunch Program depends on family income, eligibility for this program is often used to estimate student needs. Ten states did not report freelunch eligibility data for at least 70 percent of their schools, so national totals could not be calculated. Within those states and schools that did provide this information, the proportion of students who were reported as eligible to receive a free lunch ranged from just over 13 percent in Hawaii and New Hampshire to about 64 percent in the District of Columbia and more than 50 percent in Louisiana and Mississippi (see table 6).

Two states did not report the number of students with individual education programs (IEPs), who participate in special education services. Among the states for which this information was available, the percentage of students with IEPs ranged from 4.3 percent in Illinois to more than 15 percent in Indiana, Massachusetts, Missouri, and North Carolina, and Rhode Island.

About two-thirds of the public school students in the United States in 1994-95 were white, non-Hispanic and about one-sixth were black, non-Hispanic. The highest proportion of American Indian/Alaskan native students was found in Alaska (comprising 23.8 percent of that state's students), while the greatest proportion of Asian/Pacific Islander students was in Hawaii (68.8 percent). More than one-third of the students were Hispanic in California, New Mexico and Texas. Over half of the students were black, non-Hispanic, in the District of Columbia and Mississippi. White, non-Hispanic students comprised less than half of the student membership in six states, but represented 90 percent or more of the students in seven states. Across the country, the proportion of students who were Hispanic increased by about 0.5 percent from the previous year, while the proportion who were white, non-Hispanic declined by a similar amount. There were minimal changes in the distribution of students among other racial/ethnic groups.

Technical Notes

The Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey and Public Education Agency Survey are annual state-level collections of information about the numbers and types of public schools and education agencies, the numbers and selected characteristics of students, dropouts, and numbers of staff. These two surveys also include directory information such as school and agency names, addresses and telephone numbers. The School and Agency Surveys are part of the Common Core of Data (CCD) collection of the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), and use information reported by state education agencies.

Not all states collect and report all of the data items on these surveys. NCES estimates, or imputes, missing data if an item has been reported in the past. If an item has been reported, it is not imputed but it is shown as "missing." When information is missing for one or more states, as is the case with counts of students eligible for the federal Free Lunch Program, NCES does not calculate national totals. Because some students may receive a public education outside a local school district or school (for example, in a state-operated residential school) the numbers of students are not the official state totals. The numbers of students shown in table 1 are taken from the State Nonfiscal Survey of the CCD. The percentages of students shown in tables are based on the School or Agency Surveys.

Key Terms

A public school provides educational services to students, has an assigned administrator, receives public funds as its primary support, and is operated by an education agency. A single school may operate at multiple locations (for example, an urban "storefront school" for potential dropouts with a single principal responsible for programs at several addresses). Also, two schools may operate at the same location, as is the case when a kindergarten-grade 12 facility has both an elementary and a high school principal. This report excluded 1,516 schools that did not report any students in membership for the 1994-95 school year.

Regular schools do not focus primarily on special, vocational, or alternative education, although they may offer these programs in addition to the regular curriculum. A special education school focuses primarily on special education, with materials and instructional approaches adapted to meet the students' needs. A vocational education school focuses primarily on vocational education and provides education or training in at least one semiskilled or technical occupation. An alternative education schooladdresses the needs of students that typically cannot be met in the regular school setting, and provides nontraditional education.

Membershipis the annual headcount of students enrolled in school on October 1, or the school day closest to that date. In any given year, some small schools will not have any pupils. And, in reporting to the CCD, states assign students who attend more than one school to a single school rather than prorating students across all the schools they attend.

Instructional levels are calculated from the lowest and highest grades for which students are reported in a school. Primary schools are those with a low grade of prekindergarten through grade 3 and a high grade of up to 8. Middle schools contain a low grade of 4 to 7 and a high grade ranging from 4 to 9. High schools have a low grade of 7 to 12 and must extend through grade 12. All other grade configurations, including schools that are completely ungraded, are grouped under the heading of "other."

Free lunch eligibility is the number of students in a school who are eligible to receive free lunch under the National School Lunch Act.

The race/ethnicity categories used in the CCD are those approved by the federal Office of Management and Budget. They are mutually exclusive.

IEP counts are reported at the school district level and reflect the numbers of students with individual education programs under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)-Part B.

School locale code is assigned on the basis of the school's mailing address. The locale code categories are:

Large city--central city of a metropolitan statistical area (MSA) or consolidated MSA (CMSA); with a population of at least 250,000.

Midsize city--central city of an MSA or CMSA; with a population less than 250,000.

Urban fringe of a large city--any incorporated place, Census -designated place (CDP), or non-place territory within a CMSA or MSA of a large city and defined as urban by the U.S. Bureau of the Census.

Urban fringe of a midsize city--any incorporated place, CDP, or non-place within a CMSA or MSA of a midsize central city and defined as urban by the U. S. Bureau of the Census.

Large town--an incorporated place or CDP with a population of at least 25,000 and located outside a CMSA or MSA.

Small town--an incorporated place or CDP with a population between 2,500 and 24,999 and located outside a CMSA or MSA.

Rural--any incorporated place, CDP, or non-place territory designated as rural by the U.S. Bureau of the Census.

Regular school districts are agencies responsible for providing free public education for school-age children residing within their jurisdiction. This category excludes local supervisory unions that provide management services for a group of associated school districts; regional education service agencies that typically provide school districts with research, testing, or data processing services; state and federally operated school districts; and other agencies that do not fall into these groupings. This report excluded 372 regular school districts that did not report any students in membership for the 1994–95 school year, a condition that can occur when a small district has no pupils or contracts with another district to educate the students under its jurisdiction.

More information

Acknowledgments

This paper was improved by the suggestions of the reviewers, Steve Broughman, Frank Morgan, and Edith MacArthur of NCES; Oona Cheung of the Council of Chief State School Officers; and Krista Schneider of the American Federation of Teachers. Marilyn McMillen and Robert Burton of NCES provided valuable technical guidance. The tables were prepared by Michael Freeman and Sheryl Jones of the U.S. Bureau of the Census.

 

 

Table 1.—Number of public elementary and secondary schools with membership and percentage of students in membership,
          by type of school and by state:  School year 1994-95
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                                                               Type of school
                                       ----------------------  ----------------------  ----------------------  ----------------------
                                               Regular           Special education      Vocational education   Alternative education
                    Schools            ----------------------  ----------------------  ----------------------  ----------------------
                     having      Total Number of   Percentage  Number of   Percentage  Number of   Percentage  Number of   Percentage
State            membership   students   schools  of students    schools  of students    schools  of students    schools  of students
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
United States        84,705 44,108,775    79,946         98.2      1,796          0.5        359          0.4      2,604          1.0

Alabama               1,309    736,472     1,277         99.7         14          0.1          3          0.0         15          0.2
Alaska                  478    127,057       445         96.3          2          0.3          3          0.4         28          3.0
Arizona               1,099    737,424     1,042         98.1         15          0.1          6          0.5         36          1.3
Arkansas              1,072    447,565     1,071         99.6          0          0.0          1          0.4          0          0.0
California            7,821  5,407,043     6,934         96.7        131          0.5          0          0.0        756          2.7

Colorado              1,407    640,521     1,347         99.0          7          0.0          3          0.0         50          0.9
Connecticut           1,039    506,824       954         96.6         16          0.5         18          1.8         51          1.0
Delaware                182    106,813       147         92.4         28          2.7          5          4.8          2          0.1
District of Columbia    174     80,450       156         96.5         11          1.7          1          0.6          6          1.2
Florida               2,727  2,108,968     2,312         95.4        138          1.0         56          0.8        221          2.8

Georgia               1,767  1,270,948     1,742         99.6          8          0.1          1          0.1         16          0.3
Hawaii                  242    183,795       237         99.9          4          0.0          0          0.0          1          0.1
Idaho                   601    240,448       552         99.0         12          0.1          0          0.0         37          0.9
Illinois              4,120  1,916,172     3,824         97.5        228          1.1         27          0.7         41          0.7
Indiana               1,860    968,933     1,812         99.5         28          0.3          1          0.0         19          0.2

Iowa                  1,549    499,550     1,513         99.2         15          0.3          0          0.0         21          0.5
Kansas                1,490    460,838     1,467         99.5          1          0.0          0          0.0         22          0.5
Kentucky              1,342    657,642     1,296         99.7          7          0.1          3          0.1         36          0.2
Louisiana             1,459    797,933     1,357         96.9         42          0.5         11          0.3         49          2.3
Maine                   701    212,601       698        100.0          3          0.0          0          0.0          0          0.0

Maryland              1,263    790,938     1,182         97.5         48          1.0         11          1.1         22          0.5
Massachusetts         1,800    893,727     1,732         96.2          1          0.0         43          3.4         24          0.4
Michigan              3,426  1,614,784     3,212         98.2        100          0.7         12          0.2        102          0.9
Minnesota             1,908    821,693     1,503         96.8         75          0.4          3          0.0        327          2.8
Mississippi             890    505,962       875         99.7         13          0.2          0          0.0          2          0.1

Missouri              2,098    878,541     2,023         98.8         54          0.7          5          0.3         16          0.1
Montana                 899    164,341       892         99.9          2          0.1          0          0.0          5          0.1
Nebraska              1,396    287,100     1,337         99.6         59          0.4          0          0.0          0          0.0
Nevada                  418    250,747       382         98.1         12          0.4          2          0.7         22          0.9
New Hampshire           458    189,319       458        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0          0          0.0

New Jersey            2,295  1,174,206     2,170         97.7         81          0.8         44          1.5          0          0.0
New Mexico              713    327,248       675         98.6         17          0.5          0          0.0         21          0.8
New York              4,125  2,766,208     3,954         97.2         85          0.7         25          1.3         61          0.8
North Carolina        1,960  1,156,767     1,896         99.3         26          0.4          1          0.0         37          0.3
North Dakota            583    119,288       583        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0          0          0.0

Ohio                  3,684  1,814,290     3,641         99.6         28          0.2         15          0.2          0          0.0
Oklahoma              1,817    609,718     1,802         99.7         15          0.3          0          0.0          0          0.0
Oregon                1,209    521,945     1,163         99.2         14          0.1          0          0.0         32          0.7
Pennsylvania          3,120  1,765,891     3,087         98.3         10          1.0         14          0.6          9          0.1
Rhode Island            305    147,487       296         98.4          2          0.4          4          0.9          3          0.3

South Carolina        1,051    648,673     1,022         99.5         11          0.1          0          0.0         18          0.3
South Dakota            823    143,482       800         99.3         14          0.4          0          0.0          9          0.3
Tennessee             1,508    881,355     1,475         99.5         15          0.1          8          0.3         10          0.0
Texas                 6,465  3,677,171     5,966         98.7        208          0.5         23          0.1        268          0.7
Utah                    728    474,675       664         98.1         24          0.5          2          0.1         38          1.4

Vermont                 371    104,533       333         98.7         37          1.3          0          0.0          1          0.0
Virginia              1,764  1,060,809     1,702         99.5         33          0.2          0          0.0         29          0.3
Washington            1,907    938,314     1,728         98.0         68          0.4          1          0.0        110          1.6
West Virginia           848    310,511       825         99.7          9          0.1          5          0.0          9          0.1
Wisconsin             2,030    860,686     1,990         98.8         23          0.4          1          0.2         16          0.6
Wyoming                 404    100,369       395         99.2          2          0.1          1          0.3          6          0.4
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   Outlying areas
Defense Department      190     85,143       190        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
American Samoa           31     14,445        29         97.6          1          0.4          1          1.9          0          0.0
Guam                     35     32,185        34         97.7          1          2.3          0          0.0          0          0.0
Northern Marianas        23      8,429        23        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
Puerto Rico           1,554    621,121     1,520         98.5         17          0.2         14          1.2          3          0.1
Virgin Islands           32     23,126        32        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NOTE:    Table excludes 1,516 schools for which no students were reported in membership.  U.S. totals exclude outlying areas.

         Percentages are rounded to the nearest tenth and may not add to 100.  Amounts less than 0.05 are rounded to 0.

         Number of students in membership reported on State Nonfiscal Survey.

SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data,
         School Universe and State Nonfiscal Survey, 1994-95.
Table 2.—Number and percentage of schools with membership and percentage of
          students in membership, by community type:  School year 1994-95
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                Number of      Percentage       Percentage
Community type                    schools      of schools      of students
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
United States                      84,705           100.0            100.0


Large city                         10,743            12.7             17.3

Midsize city                       12,659            14.9             17.1

Urban fringe large city            18,591            21.9             26.8

Urban fringe midsize city           6,607             7.8              8.8

Large town                          1,558             1.8              1.9

Small town                         11,990            14.2             12.5

Rural                              22,557            26.6             15.6
----------------------------------------------------------------------------
NOTE:    Community types classify the location of a school relative to populous areas.
         See technical notes for definitions of locale codes.

         Table includes the 50 states and the District of Columbia.

         Percentages are rounded to the nearest tenth and may not add to 100.

SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics,
         Common Core of Data, School Universe, 1994-95.
Table 3.—Percentage of public elementary and secondary schools providing instruction and percentage of students
          in membership, by specified level of instruction and by state:  School year 1994-95
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                                             Percentage by Instructional Level
                        Number of    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                          schools          Primary               Middle                 High                  Other
                           having    ------------------    ------------------    ------------------    ------------------
State                  membership    Schools   Students    Schools   Students    Schools   Students    Schools   Students
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

United States              84,705       59.5       50.7       17.0       19.5       18.7       26.6        4.9        3.1

Alabama                     1,309       51.0       43.3       16.7       16.9       18.9       24.4       13.4       15.4
Alaska                        478       35.8       48.5        6.1       13.3       15.1       23.7       43.1       14.5
Arizona                     1,099       64.8       56.5       16.5       17.5       15.4       25.0        3.4        1.0
Arkansas                    1,072       52.6       48.4       15.3       19.5       29.9       28.1        2.2        4.0
California                  7,821       63.9       54.2       14.5       18.0       17.5       25.6        4.1        2.2

Colorado                    1,407       59.1       51.1       18.2       21.7       20.0       26.1        2.7        1.1
Connecticut                 1,039       61.6       52.9       17.1       20.1       16.3       25.0        5.0        2.0
Delaware                      182       48.4       40.8       23.6       29.1       17.0       28.0       11.0        2.1
District of Columbia          174       63.8       60.8       14.9       16.0       12.1       18.4        9.2        4.7
Florida                     2,727       56.4       50.0       15.3       19.9       14.3       22.0       14.0        8.1

Georgia                     1,767       61.8       50.2       17.9       20.6       16.4       25.4        3.9        3.8
Hawaii                        242       69.4       55.2       11.2       13.2       13.2       27.2        6.2        4.5
Idaho                         601       54.6       48.1       16.5       22.5       25.0       27.1        4.0        2.3
Illinois                    4,120       62.4       55.4       17.1       15.1       15.7       27.0        4.8        2.5
Indiana                     1,860       63.0       49.2       16.1       18.5       18.9       30.7        2.0        1.6

Iowa                        1,549       55.4       47.0       18.9       20.3       24.0       31.3        1.7        1.4
Kansas                      1,490       58.7       51.5       16.3       19.6       23.8       28.1        1.2        0.8
Kentucky                    1,342       60.1       48.6       17.1       20.5       19.9       30.7        2.9        0.2
Louisiana                   1,459       54.1       48.1       18.9       20.1       16.8       25.0       10.1        6.9
Maine                         701       64.2       50.6       17.5       20.9       15.4       26.4        2.9        2.2

Maryland                    1,263       66.4       52.6       17.3       20.6       14.3       25.5        2.0        1.3
Massachusetts               1,800       66.3       53.0       16.1       18.6       16.0       25.9        1.6        2.5
Michigan                    3,426       59.7       50.3       16.6       19.7       18.6       27.8        5.1        2.3
Minnesota                   1,908       53.2       49.8       12.9       18.0       28.0       30.5        5.9        1.8
Mississippi                   890       50.6       44.0       18.8       18.9       19.4       23.7       11.2       13.4

Missouri                    2,098       55.9       49.1       15.6       19.2       23.4       29.4        5.1        2.3
Montana                       899       53.6       50.1       26.6       20.7       19.6       28.7        0.2        0.6
Nebraska                    1,396       68.3       52.6        7.4       14.7       22.8       32.2        1.6        0.5
Nevada                        418       64.1       52.6       14.6       20.7       17.2       24.8        4.1        1.9
New Hampshire                 458       62.9       51.5       20.3       22.4       16.2       24.4        0.7        1.7

New Jersey                  2,295       63.6       53.3       17.3       17.8       13.5       26.0        5.6        2.8
New Mexico                    713       59.3       49.7       20.3       22.5       17.8       26.2        2.5        1.6
New York                    4,125       58.9       50.1       16.6       18.7       17.5       27.0        7.1        4.2
North Carolina              1,960       59.7       50.9       21.1       21.9       16.5       25.7        2.7        1.6
North Dakota                  583       57.6       52.1        6.5       12.9       34.0       32.2        1.9        2.8

Ohio                        3,684       59.9       49.0       18.5       19.5       18.5       28.0        3.2        3.5
Oklahoma                    1,817       54.7       52.4       18.8       21.5       25.2       23.8        1.3        2.4
Oregon                      1,209       62.4       49.5       16.7       20.6       16.8       27.9        4.1        1.9
Pennsylvania                3,120       63.0       48.7       16.6       19.4       18.9       29.5        1.5        2.4
Rhode Island                  305       68.2       51.5       16.7       21.1       13.4       27.0        1.6        0.3

South Carolina              1,051       55.9       46.6       23.0       24.9       18.6       27.7        2.5        0.8
South Dakota                  823       52.0       48.9       23.5       22.1       22.5       28.6        2.1        0.4
Tennessee                   1,508       62.7       52.0       15.7       16.9       16.8       27.5        4.8        3.6
Texas                       6,465       52.7       49.4       20.8       22.9       18.8       24.8        7.7        3.0
Utah                          728       59.9       50.5       16.2       22.9       18.5       24.9        5.4        1.7

Vermont                       371       74.1       54.3        7.5       10.2       13.2       29.5        5.1        6.1
Virginia                    1,764       62.3       49.2       17.8       21.3       16.6       28.2        3.3        1.3
Washington                  1,907       58.3       51.2       16.2       19.9       19.7       25.6        5.8        3.3
West Virginia                 848       64.5       47.6       16.2       21.0       14.7       28.3        4.6        3.1
Wisconsin                   2,030       60.3       49.7       17.2       19.4       20.9       29.5        1.5        1.4
Wyoming                       404       58.7       49.2       22.0       24.0       18.6       26.2        0.7        0.6
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   Outlying areas
Defense Department            190       61.1       61.9        9.5       10.7       21.1       20.4        8.4        6.9
American Samoa                 31       74.2       73.7        3.2        2.9       19.4       23.0        3.2        0.4
Guam                           35       68.6       53.1       17.1       22.1       14.3       24.8        0.0        0.0
Northern Marianas              23       87.0       64.8        4.3       12.7        8.7       22.5        0.0        0.0
Puerto Rico                 1,554       61.3       45.4       14.2       17.6       10.7       20.1       13.8       17.0
Virgin Islands                 32       71.9       54.7       15.6       20.4        9.4       23.2        3.1        1.6
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

NOTE:    Instructional levels are Primary (low grade Prekindergarten to 3, high grade up to 8); Middle (low
         grade 4 to 7, high grade 4 to 9); High (low grade 7 to 12, high grade 12 only); Other (any
         configuration not falling within the previous three, including ungraded schools).

         Table exludes 1,516 schools for which no students were reported in membership.  U.S. totals exclude outlying areas.

         Percentages are rounded to the nearest tenth and may not add to 100.  Amounts less than 0.05 are rounded to 0.

SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data,
         School Universe, 1994-95.
Table 4.—Number of regular public elementary and secondary school districts providing instruction and percentage of students
          in membership, by grade span and by state:  School year 1994-95
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

                                                                          Grade span
                                 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                 PK, K, 1 to 8 or below    PK, K, 1 to 9 - 12      7, 8, 9 to 7 - 12             Other
                                 ----------------------  ----------------------  ----------------------  ----------------------
                          Total  Number of   Percentage  Number of   Percentage  Number of   Percentage  Number of   Percentage
State                 districts  districts  of students  districts  of students  districts  of students  districts  of students
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

United States            14,400      3,212          5.8     10,536         91.8        538          2.2        114          0.1

Alabama                     127          0          0.0        127        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
Alaska                       55          0          0.0         54         99.8          1          0.2          0          0.0
Arizona                     215        108         28.7         85         62.3         16          9.0          6          0.0
Arkansas                    312          0          0.0        312        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
California                1,001        596         21.9        300         68.9        104          9.0          1          0.2

Colorado                    176          1          0.0        175        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
Connecticut                 166         46          4.9        112         93.6          8          1.4          0          0.0
Delaware                     19          0          0.0         15         94.5          4          5.5          0          0.0
District of Columbia          1          0          0.0          1        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
Florida                      67          0          0.0         67        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0

Georgia                     181          7          0.2        174         99.8          0          0.0          0          0.0
Hawaii                        1          0          0.0          1        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
Idaho                       112          7          0.2        105         99.8          0          0.0          0          0.0
Illinois                    914        399         25.8        406         63.2        108         11.0          1          0.0
Indiana                     292          1          0.0        291        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0

Iowa                        389         34          1.5        354         98.5          0          0.0          1          0.1
Kansas                      304          2          0.0        302        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
Kentucky                    176          4          0.2        172         99.8          0          0.0          0          0.0
Louisiana                    66          0          0.0         66        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
Maine                       228        110         12.3        113         86.7          5          1.0          0          0.0

Maryland                     24          0          0.0         24        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
Massachusetts               244         68          5.2        174         94.6          2          0.2          0          0.0
Michigan                    555         29          0.1        525         99.9          0          0.0          1          0.0
Minnesota                   394         49          1.2        327         98.3         16          0.5          2          0.1
Mississippi                 153          0          0.0        149         99.7          3          0.2          1          0.1

Missouri                    530         79          1.4        449         97.9          0          0.0          2          0.7
Montana                     471        294         64.0         43         10.0        122         25.9         12          0.1
Nebraska                    662        340          4.2        268         94.1         22          1.7         32          0.1
Nevada                       17          1          0.0         16        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
New Hampshire               164         88         18.6         66         77.1          9          3.8          1          0.5

New Jersey                  582        294         18.7        210         73.1         50          6.6         28          1.7
New Mexico                   89          1          1.8         88         98.2          0          0.0          0          0.0
New York                    711         43          1.0        649         98.4          9          0.6         10          0.1
North Carolina              119          0          0.0        119        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
North Dakota                238         43          2.5        181         96.9          5          0.4          9          0.1

Ohio                        611          1          0.0        610        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
Oklahoma                    551        117          3.3        433         96.5          0          0.0          1          0.2
Oregon                      246         68          4.3        166         93.1         12          2.6          0          0.0
Pennsylvania                500          2          0.0        498        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
Rhode Island                 36          4          1.6         31         97.5          0          0.0          1          0.9

South Carolina               95          2          0.1         91         99.7          1          0.1          1          0.2
South Dakota                173          7          0.9        166         99.1          0          0.0          0          0.0
Tennessee                   138         13          2.1        125         97.9          0          0.0          0          0.0
Texas                     1,044         71          0.3        971         99.6          0          0.0          2          0.1
Utah                         40          0          0.0         40        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0

Vermont                     251        185         43.9         35         33.4         30         21.0          1          1.6
Virginia                    133          2          0.1        131         99.9          0          0.0          0          0.0
Washington                  296         47          1.0        248         99.0          0          0.0          1          0.0
West Virginia                55          0          0.0         55        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
Wisconsin                   427         47          2.6        369         96.3         11          1.1          0          0.0
Wyoming                      49          2          0.7         47         99.3          0          0.0          0          0.0
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   Outlying areas
Defense Department           11          0          0.0         11        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
American Samoa                1          0          0.0          1        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
Guam                          1          0          0.0          1        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
Northern Marianas             1          0          0.0          1        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
Puerto Rico                   1          0          0.0          1        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
Virgin Islands                1          0          0.0          1        100.0          0          0.0          0          0.0
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

NOTE:    Grade span is determined by the highest and lowest grades for which student membership is reported among all schools
         associated with the district.  "Other" includes all grade configurations not represented in the other categories and
         includes ungraded districts.  For example, the first category of districts includes all those with a low grade of
         PK, K, or 1 and a high grade no greater than 8.

         Table excludes 372 regular school districts for which no students were reported in membership.  U.S. totals exclude
         outlying areas.

         Percentages are rounded to the nearest tenth and may not add to 100.  Amounts less than 0.05 are rounded to 0.

SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data,
         Agency and School Universes 1994-95.




Table 5.—Distribution of regular public elementary and secondary school districts and
          students, by district membership size:  School year 1994-95
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


                                Number of      Percentage       Percentage
District membership size        districts    of districts      of students
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


United States                      14,400           100.0            100.0


100,000 or more                        22             0.2             11.4

25,000 to 99,999                      185             1.3             18.5

10,000 to 24,999                      542             3.8             18.6

7,500 to 9,999                        326             2.3              6.4

5,000 to 7,499                        670             4.7              9.3

2,500 to 4,999                      2,013            14.0             16.1

2,000 to 2,499                        846             5.9              4.3

1,500 to 1,999                      1,103             7.7              4.4

1,000 to 1,499                      1,630            11.3              4.6

800 to 999                            804             5.6              1.6

600 to 799                            973             6.8              1.5

450 to 599                            942             6.5              1.1

300 to 449                          1,171             8.1              1.0

150 to 299                          1,431             9.9              0.7

1 to 149                            1,742            12.1              0.3
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NOTE:    Table includes the 50 states and the District of Columbia, and excludes 372
         regular school districts for which no students were reported in membership.

         Percentages are rounded to the nearest tenth and may not add to 100.  Amounts
         less than 0.05 are rounded to 0.

SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics,
         Common Core of Data, Agency Universe, 1994-95.

Table 6.—Selected characteristics of public elementary and secondary school membership as percentage of school
          membership by state:  School year 1994-95
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                      Percentage          Percentage     American
                   of membership       of membership     Indian /      Asian /                      Black        White
                      Free lunch          Individual      Alaskan      Pacific                        Non          Non
State                   eligible   Education Program       Native     Islander     Hispanic      Hispanic     Hispanic
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

United States                ---                 ---          1.1          3.6         13.1          16.8         65.4

Alabama                      ---                11.4          0.8          0.6          0.4          35.8         62.3
Alaska                      23.1                13.9         23.8          4.1          2.6           4.8         64.7
Arizona                      ---                 9.6          7.0          1.7         28.7           4.3         58.4
Arkansas                    35.4                10.5          0.3          0.7          1.1          23.9         73.9
California                  45.4                 9.9          0.9         11.2         37.9           8.7         41.4

Colorado                    22.6                 9.8          1.0          2.5         17.6           5.4         73.5
Connecticut                 24.1                13.3          0.2          2.4         11.4          13.3         72.7
Delaware                    29.4                11.9          0.2          1.7          3.6          29.1         65.4
District of Columbia        64.1                 8.4          0.0          1.3          6.6          88.0          4.0
Florida                     35.8                12.9          0.2          1.7         14.4          25.0         58.7

Georgia                     36.6                 9.6          0.1          1.5          1.8          37.5         59.1
Hawaii                      13.2                 6.8          0.4         68.8          4.9           2.7         23.2
Idaho                       23.2                 9.3          1.3          1.2          7.8           0.6         89.1
Illinois                     ---                 4.3          0.1          3.0         11.6          21.0         64.4
Indiana                     22.5                15.8          0.2          0.8          2.2          11.2         85.7

Iowa                        19.8                13.1          0.4          1.5          1.8           3.2         93.1
Kansas                      24.4                11.0          1.0          1.9          5.7           8.4         83.0
Kentucky                     ---                 ---          0.1          0.6          0.3           9.7         89.3
Louisiana                   53.7                10.8          0.5          1.3          1.1          45.7         51.5
Maine                       24.3                12.8          0.5          0.8          0.4           0.7         97.5

Maryland                    25.3                12.1          0.3          3.8          3.1          34.7         58.1
Massachusetts                ---                17.5          0.2          3.7          9.0           8.0         79.1
Michigan                    25.6                10.9          1.1          1.5          2.6          17.5         77.4
Minnesota                   18.5                11.8          1.9          3.7          1.8           4.5         88.1
Mississippi                 54.9                13.0          0.4          0.5          0.3          50.9         47.8

Missouri                    28.7                15.2          0.2          1.0          0.9          15.8         82.2
Montana                     23.5                11.1          9.6          0.8          1.4           0.5         87.7
Nebraska                    20.7                13.6          1.3          1.2          3.8           5.8         87.8
Nevada                      25.8                10.5          2.0          4.2         15.5           9.3         69.0
New Hampshire               13.3                11.7          0.2          1.0          1.1           0.8         96.8

New Jersey                  24.6                 5.6          0.2          5.2         13.1          18.6         63.0
New Mexico                   ---                13.7         10.4          1.0         46.4           2.4         39.9
New York                     ---                11.3          0.4          4.8         16.9          20.2         57.7
North Carolina              29.3                19.6          1.5          1.2          1.5          30.5         65.2
North Dakota                20.8                10.1          7.6          0.7          0.8           0.8         90.1

Ohio                        25.6                 ---          0.1          1.0          1.4          15.1         82.5
Oklahoma                    34.9                11.7         14.3          1.2          3.7          10.4         70.4
Oregon                      24.6                10.6          1.9          3.2          6.3           2.5         86.0
Pennsylvania                 ---                11.3          0.1          1.7          3.4          13.9         80.9
Rhode Island                26.7                15.6          0.5          3.2          9.5           7.0         79.9

South Carolina              39.7                11.1          0.2          0.7          0.6          41.7         56.8
South Dakota                24.5                11.4         13.6          0.8          0.7           0.8         84.2
Tennessee                    ---                14.0          0.1          0.9          0.6          23.0         75.4
Texas                       39.6                11.2          0.2          2.3         36.1          14.3         47.1
Utah                        19.2                10.8          1.4          2.1          4.8           0.7         91.0

Vermont                     20.6                 9.3          0.5          0.9          0.3           0.7         97.5
Virginia                    25.1                12.7          0.2          3.4          3.0          26.2         67.2
Washington                   ---                 9.6          2.6          6.3          7.4           4.6         79.1
West Virginia               39.8                14.6          0.1          0.4          0.2           3.9         95.3
Wisconsin                   15.1                11.8          1.3          2.6          3.1           9.3         83.7
Wyoming                     19.3                10.9          2.8          0.8          6.1           1.0         89.4
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

   Outlying areas
Defense Department           ---                 9.1          1.0          9.0          8.6          22.4         58.9
American Samoa              95.0                 3.1          0.0        100.0          0.0           0.0          0.0
Guam                        22.5                 5.9          0.1         89.3          0.5           1.8          8.3
Northern Marianas           21.5                 3.1          0.8         98.2          0.0           0.0          1.0
Puerto Rico                 81.4                 6.6          0.0          0.0        100.0           0.0          0.0
Virgin Islands              63.4                 2.6          0.0          0.5         13.1          85.4          1.1
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

NOTE:    Data are shown as "---" if reported for less than 70 percent of schools or agencies.  Percentages are based on
         schools and agencies reporting.  National percentages were not imputed if data were missing for one or more states.

         U.S. totals exclude outlying areas.

         Percentages are rounded to the nearest tenth and may not add to 100.  Amounts less than 0.05 are rounded to 0.

SOURCE:  U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data, School and
         Agency Universes, 1994-95.

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