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Table 1. Operational and student membership status of public elementary and secondary schools and agencies in the United States, by type: School year 2011–12


    School type     Local Education Agency type
  All schools Regular Special
education
Vocational
education
Alternative
education
  All agencies Regular
school
districts
Supervisory
unions1
Regional
education
service
agencies2
Independent
charter
agencies3
State
agencies
Federal and
other
agencies
All schools/agencies 101,153 90,615 2,182 1,454 6,902 18,283 13,625 229 1,335 2,685 287 122
                           
Operating schools/agencies4 98,328 88,663 2,087 1,434 6,144 17,992 13,567 227 1,313 2,485 280 120
Continuing 96,564 87,268 2,038 1,417 5,841 17,734 13,530 216 1,309 2,287 279 113
Added5 26 8 2 1 15 22 11 0 2 4 0 5
Reopened 59 41 1 1 16 7 4 0 0 3 0 0
Changed agency / boundary6 162 113 6 3 40 18 8 0 0 10 0 0
New7 1,517 1,233 40 12 232   211 14 11 2 181 1 2
                           
Nonoperating 2,825 1,952 95 20 758 291 58 2 22 200 7 2
Inactive8 533 201 4 6 322 31 6 0 1 24 0 0
Closed 1,840 1,340 87 11 402 161 47 2 18 85 7 2
Future9 452 411 4 3 34 99 5 0 3 91 0 0
                           
Student membership10status of
      operating schools
                         
With membership 94,743 87,756 1,683 351 4,953 16,263 13,438 2 275 2,411 119 18
Without membership, providing instruction (shared time)11,12 1,461 68 107 934 352
Without membership (not shared time)12 2,124 839 297 149 839 1,729 129 225 1,038 74 161 102
† Not applicable. Shared time status only applies to schools.
1 Supervisory unions provide administrative services to school districts through a common superintendent.
2 Regional education service agencies provide services to a variety of local education agencies.
3 Independent charter agencies contain only charter schools. Other charter schools may be reported through a different LEA type that contains both charter and noncharter schools.
4 Operating schools/agencies include all those providing services during the reported school year.
5 Added schools/agencies are reported for the first time although they have been operating for more than 1 year.
6 Schools that changed agency are affiliated with a different LEA than that reported in the previous year.
7 New schools/agencies opened for the first time within the school year reported.
8 Inactive schools/agencies are closed temporarily and expected to reopen within 3 years.
9 Future schools/agencies are expected to open within 2 years.
10 Membership is the count of students enrolled on October 1 of the reported school year.
11 Shared time schools provide instruction on a regular basis to students whose membership is reported for some other school.
12 Includes schools for which membership is 0, missing, or not applicable.
NOTE: Table includes the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," SY 2011–12, Provisional Version 1a, "Local Education Agency Universe Survey," SY 2011–12, Provisional Version 1a.


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