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Table 7.  Number and percentage distribution of all children ages 5–17 who were homeschooled and homeschooling rate, by selected characteristics: 2011–12

Characteristic Number (thousands) Percentage distribution  Homeschooling rate1
Total 1,770 3.4
Locale of student's household2      
City  489 28 3.2
Suburban 601 34 3.1
Town 132 7 2.7
Rural 548 31 4.5
Student's sex      
Male 876 49 3.3
Female 895 51 3.6
Student's race/ethnicity      
White, non-Hispanic 1,201 68 4.5
Black, non-Hispanic 139 8 1.9
Hispanic 267 15 2.3
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 73 4 2.6
Other, non-Hispanic3 90 5 3.2
Student's grade equivalent      
Kindergarten–2nd grade 415 23 3.1
3rd–5th grade 416 23 3.4
6th–8th grade 425 24 3.5
9th–12th grade 514 29 3.7
Parents' highest education level      
Less than high school 203 11 3.4
High school graduate or equivalent. 355 20 3.4
Vocational/technical or some college 525 30 3.4
Bachelor's degree 436 25 3.7
Graduate or professional school 252 14 3.3
Poverty status4      
Poor 348 20 3.5
Nonpoor 1,422 80 3.4
† Not applicable.
1 The homeschooling rate is the percentage of the total subgroup that is homeschooled. For example, in 2012, some 3 percent of all school-age males were homeschooled.
2 Locale of student's household classifies the residential ZIP code into a set of four major locale categories: city, suburban, town, rural.
3  "Other, non-Hispanic" includes children who were multiracial and not of Hispanic ethnicity, or who were American Indian or Alaska Native, or who were not Hispanic, White, Black, Asian, or Pacific Islander. The different groups mentioned here are not shown separately because the sample sizes do not support stable estimates. Those reported as Asian and Pacific Islander who are not Hispanic are included in the "Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic" group.
4 Students are considered poor if living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, which is a dollar amount determined by the federal government to meet the household's needs, given its size and composition. Income is collected in categories in the survey, rather than as an exact amount, and therefore the poverty measures used in this report are approximations of poverty. Detailed information on the poverty status calculation used in this report is available in appendix B.
NOTE: Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Homeschooled students are school-age children (ages 5–17) in a grade equivalent to at least kindergarten and not higher than 12th grade who receive instruction at home instead of at a public or private school either all or most of the time. Excludes students who were enrolled in public or private school more than 25 hours per week and students who were homeschooled only because of temporary illness.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES), 2012.
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