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Table 6.  Percentage of students in kindergarten through grade 12 whose parents reported participation in various acitivites, by selected school, student, and family characteristics: 2011–12

Characteristic Number of students in kindergarten through grade 12 (thousands) Activities in the past month
Visited library Visited bookstore Gone to a play, a concert, or otherlive show Visited an art gallery,a museum,or a histor-ical site Visitied a zoo or an aquarium Attendeda comm-unity/ religious/ ethnic event1 Attended athletic/ sporting event2
Total 52,211 39 38 31 21 19 54 42
                               
School type3                              
Public, assigned 40,097 38 36 30 20 18 53 41
Public, chosen 7,448 44 41 33 25 19 55 42
Private, religious 3,271 44 47 39 25 17 72 50
Private, nonreligious 788 40 48 46 41 23 49 46
School size4                            
Under 300 5,878 43 36 32 22 17 59 44
300–599 17,361 44 38 32 23 21 57 44
600–999 15,655 40 39 31 22 20 54 39
1,000 or more 13,068 31 37 30 18 13 50 41
Locale of student's household5                            
City 15,413 42 38 31 24 23 53 40
Suburban 19,718 40 40 33 22 20 53 42
Town 4,875 39 35 27 19 15 55 38
Rural 12,206 34 33 30 18 13 57 45
Student's sex                            
Male 26,964 37 35 28 21 18 53 43
Female 25,247 42 40 35 22 20 56 41
Student's race/ethnicity                            
White, non-Hispanic 26,938 36 38 33 22 15 53 44
Black, non-Hispanic 7,466 47 37 32 21 21 65 43
Hispanic 12,110 38 36 26 20 24 52 39
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 2,871 53 42 33 22 25 52 30
Other, non-Hispanic6 2,827 40 37 29 23 17 55 41
Student's grade level7                            
Kindergarten–2nd grade 13,610 48 38 31 28 29 56 38
3rd–5th grade 12,243 46 41 33 24 21 59 45
6th–8th grade 11,717 38 39 32 19 15 55 44
9th–12th grade 14,642 27 33 29 15 10 48 40
Parents' highest education level                                
Less than high school 6,335 37 30 20 17 25 46 33
High school graduate or equivalent 10,571 38 26 24 15 17 48 36
Vocational/technical or some college 15,810 35 36 30 20 18 54 41
Bachelor's degree 11,839 41 46 37 25 18 60 47
Graduate or professional school 7,656 48 50 43 30 18 65 49
Parents' language at home8                
Both/only parent(s) speak(s) English 44,525 40 38 32 22 18 55 43
One of two parents speaks English 1,856 38 31 27 18 26 48 36
No parent speaks English 5,830 39 33 23 16 25 49 33
Poverty status9                  
Poor 10,333 42 28 23 17 22 51 35
Nonpoor 41,878 39 40 33 22 18 55 43
1 Actual question wording asks if anyone in the family has attended an event sponsored by a community, religious, or ethnic group with the student.
2 Actual question wording asks if anyone in the family has attended an athletic or sporting event outside of school in which this child was not a player.
3 School type classifies the school currently attended as either public or private. Public schools are further classified according to whether the school was chosen or assigned.  Private schools are also classified as being religious or nonreligious. School type also excludes 197 cases where the Common Core of Data (CCD) indicated that the school was public but the respondent indicated the student attended a private school. None of the 197 cases excluded from this variable attended charter or magnet schools as identified on the CCD.
4 Excludes 90 cases because of missing data on the Common Core of Data (CCD)/Private School Survey (PSS) data files.
5 Locale of student's household classifies the residential ZIP code into a set of four major locale categories: city, suburban, town, rural.
6 "Other, non-Hispanic" includes children who were multiracial and not of Hispanic ethnicity, or who were American Indian or Alaska Native, or who were not Hispanic, White, Black, Asian, or Pacific Islander. The different groups mentioned here are not shown separately because the sample sizes do not support stable estimates. Those reported as Asian and Pacific Islander who are not Hispanic are included in the "Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic" group.
7 Students whose parents reported the student's grade equivalent as "ungraded" were excluded from the analyses of grade level.
8 Complete descriptions of the categories for parents' language are as follows: (1) "Both parents or the only parent learned English first or currently speak(s) English in the home," (2) "One of two parents in a two-parent household learned English first or currently speaks English in the home," and (3) "No parent learned English first and both parents or the only parent currently speak(s) a non-English language in the home."
9 Students are considered poor if living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, which is a dollar amount determined by the federal government to meet the household's needs, given its size and composition. Income is collected in categories in the survey, rather than as an exact amount, and therefore the poverty measures used in this report are approximations of poverty. Detailed information on the poverty status calculation used in this report is available in appendix B.
NOTE: Students who were homeschooled were excluded from the table. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Variables for school characteristics (school type and school size) have a certain number of missing cases owing to school nonreport; therefore, the number of students across the categories for each school variable does not sum to the total number of students.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES), 2012.
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