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Table 5.  Percentage of students in grades 6 through 12 whose parents reported expectations of specific educational attainment levels, by selected school, student, and family characteristics: 2011–12

Characteristic Number of students in grades 6 through 12 (thousands) Parent expects student to
Receive less than a high school diploma Graduate from high school Attend vocationalortechnicalschool after highschool Attend 2or moreyears ofcollege Finish 4-or 5-yearcollegedegree Earn a graduate or professional degree
Total 26,359 1 9 8 17 28 37
School type1              
Public, assigned 20,328 1 9 9 19 27 34
 Public, chosen   3,919 1 9 6 15 26 42
Private, religious   1,553 5 3 8 37 47
Private, nonreligious 359 8 ! 6 ! 18 61
School size2              
Under 300 2,365 2 ! 11 11 19 24 33
300–599 5,006 1 ! 9 9 20 26 35
600–999 7,129 1 9 7 16 30 37
1,000 or more 11,697 1 8 8 17 28 38
Locale of student's household3              
City 7,749 1 10 7 16 25 40
Suburban 10,084 1 ! 7 7 16 30 39
Town 2,390 1 ! 11 13 19 26 29
Rural 6,135 2 ! 10 11 20 27 31
Student's sex              
Male 13,550 1 11 11 17 28 32
Female 12,809 1 6 5 18 28 42
Student's race/ethnicity              
White, non-Hispanic 14,108 1 8 9 18 31 33
Black, non-Hispanic 3,734 2 ! 13 8 20 18 40
Hispanic 5,948 1 8 9 16 26 40
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 1,328 ‡                        4 !                     2 !                     9 28 56
Other, non-Hispanic4 1,241 ‡                    12 !                 6 19 27 36
Student's grade level5              
6th–8th grade 11,717 1 7 7 17 29 39
9th–12th grade 14,642 1 10 9 18 27 35
Parents' highest education level                          
Less than high school 3,229   3   16   11   21   21   28
High school graduate or equivalent 5,586   1 !   20   13   27   14   25
Vocational/technical or some college 8,064   1   6   10   22   27   33
Bachelor's degree 5,811   # !   3   4   8   44   42
Graduate or professional school 3,669   # !   2   2   5   29   62
Parents' language at home6                          
Both/only parent(s) speak(s) English 22,523   1   9   9   18   27   35
One of two parents speaks English 845     4 !   7 !   13   27   47
No parent speaks English 2,991   2 !   7   6   12   30   43
Poverty status7                          
Poor 4,614   3 17 11 20 17 32
Nonpoor 21,744   1 7 8 17 30 37
# Estimate rounds to zero.
‡ Reporting standards not met.
! Interpret data with caution; coefficient of variation is 30 percent or more.
1 School type classifies the school currently attended as either public or private.  Public schools are further classified according to whether the school was chosen or assigned.  Private schools are also classified as being religious or nonreligious. School type also excludes 100 cases where the Common Core of Data (CCD) indicated that the school was public but the respondent indicated the student attended a private school. None of the 100 cases excluded from this variable attended charter or magnet schools as identified on the CCD.
2 Excludes 63 cases because of missing data on the Common Core of Data (CCD)/Private School Survey (PSS) data files.
3 Locale of student's household classifies the residential ZIP code into a set of four major locale categories: city, suburban, town, rural.
4 "Other, non-Hispanic" includes children who were multiracial and not of Hispanic ethnicity, or who were American Indian or Alaska Native, or who were not Hispanic, White, Black, Asian, or Pacific Islander. The different groups mentioned here are not shown separately because the sample sizes do not support stable estimates. Those reported as Asian and Pacific Islander who are not Hispanic are included in the "Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic" group.
5 Students whose parents reported the student's grade equivalent as "ungraded" were excluded from the analyses of grade level.
6 Complete descriptions of the categories for parents' language are as follows: (1) "Both parents or the only parent learned English first or currently speak(s) English in the home," (2) "One of two parents in a two-parent household learned English first or currently speaks English in the home," and (3) "No parent learned English first and both parents or the only parent currently speak(s) a non-English language in the home."
7 Students are considered poor if living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, which is a dollar amount determined by the federal government to meet the household's needs, given its size and composition. Income is collected in categories in the survey, rather than as an exact amount, and therefore the poverty measures used in this report are approximations of poverty. Detailed information on the poverty status calculation used in this report is available in appendix B.
NOTE: Students who were homeschooled were excluded from the table. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Variables for school characteristics (school type and school size) have a certain number of missing cases owing to school nonreport; therefore, the number of students across the categories for each school variable does not sum to the total number of students.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES), 2012.
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