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Table 4.  Percentage of students in kindergarten through grade 12 whose parents reported that students do homework outside of school, a place is set aside in the home for students to do homework, and an adult checks that homework is done, by selected school, student, and family characteristics: 2011–12

Characteristic Number of students in kindergarten through grade 12 (thousands) Student does homework outside of school Student does homework outside of school1  
Place in home is set aside for homework2   Adult in household always checks that homework is done3  
Total 52,211 96 86   67  
School type4            
Public, assigned 40,097 97 86   67  
Public, chosen 7,448 94 88   69  
Private, religious 3,271 97 85   65  
Private, nonreligious 788 85 83   64  
School size5            
Under 300 5,878 93 84   73  
300–599 17,361 96 87   79  
600–999 15,655 97 87   71  
1,000 or more 13,068 97 84   43  
Locale of student's household6            
City 15,413 96 87   68  
Suburban 19,718 97 87   65  
Town 4,875 97 82   72  
Rural 12,206 95 84   67  
Student's sex            
Male 26,964 95 87   68  
Female 25,247 97 85   66  
Student's race/ethnicity            
White, non-Hispanic 26,938 95 85   65  
Black, non-Hispanic 7,466 96 89   71  
Hispanic 12,110 97 84   69  
Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic 2,871 98 91   65  
Other, non-Hispanic7 2,827 96 87   70  
Student's grade level8            
Kindergarten–2nd grade 13,610 94 87   94  
3rd–5th grade 12,243 98 89   85  
6th–8th grade 11,717 97 86   58  
9th–12th grade 14,642 95 82   34  
Parents' highest education level                    
Less than high school 6,335 94 83   67  
High school graduate or equivalent 10,571 95 86   65  
Vocational/technical or some college 15,810 96 87   69  
Bachelor's degree 11,839 97 85   67  
Graduate or professional school 7,656 97 86   66  
Parents' language at home9              
Both/only parent(s) speak(s) English 44,525 96 86   67  
One of two parents speaks English 1,856 95 87   70  
No parent speaks English 5,830 97 82   66  
Poverty status10                  
Poor 10,333 94 84   72  
Nonpoor 41,878 96 86   66  
1 The denominator for the final two columns represents the total number of students (in thousands) reported to do homework outside of school, which is different from the denominator for column two, which includes all students.
2 Parents reported if there was a place in their home that was set aside for homework. Their response options were "yes," "no," and "child does not do homework at home." Students who had parents who indicated that they did not do homework at home are excluded from the estimate.
3 Parents reported how often an adult in the household checked to see whether the child's homework was completed. Their response options were "never," "rarely," "sometimes," and "always." Homework was considered checked if a parent reported "always."
4 School type classifies the school currently attended as either public or private. Public schools are further classified according to whether the school was chosen or assigned.  Private schools are also classified as being religious or nonreligious. School type also excludes 197 cases where the Common Core of Data (CCD) indicated that the school was public but the respondent indicated the student attended a private school. None of the 197 cases excluded from this variable attended charter or magnet schools as identified on the CCD.
5 Excludes 90 cases because of missing data on the Common Core of Data (CCD)/Private School Survey (PSS) data files.
6 Locale of student's household classifies the residential ZIP code into a set of four major locale categories: city, suburban, town, rural.
7 "Other, non-Hispanic" includes children who were multiracial and not of Hispanic ethnicity, or who were American Indian or Alaska Native, or who were not Hispanic, White, Black, Asian, or Pacific Islander. The different groups mentioned here are not shown separately because the sample sizes do not support stable estimates. Those reported as Asian and Pacific Islander who are not Hispanic are included in the "Asian or Pacific Islander, non- Hispanic" group.
8 Students whose parents reported the student's grade equivalent as "ungraded" were excluded from the analyses of grade level.
9 Complete descriptions of the categories for parents' language are as follows: (1) "Both parents or the only parent learned English first or currently speak(s) English in the home," (2) "One of two parents in a two-parent household learned English first or currently speaks English in the home," and (3) "No parent learned English first and both parents or the only parent currently speak(s) a non-English language in the home."
10 Students are considered poor if living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, which is a dollar amount determined by the federal government to meet the household's needs, given its size and composition. Income is collected in categories in the survey, rather than as an exact amount, and therefore the poverty measures used in this report are approximations of poverty. Detailed information on the poverty status calculation used in this report is available in appendix B.
NOTE: Students who were homeschooled were excluded from the table. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Variables for school characteristics (school type and school size) have a certain number of missing cases owing to school nonreport; therefore, the number of students across the categories for each school variable does not sum to the total number of students.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES), 2012.
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