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Table 2.  Percentage of students in kindergarten through grade 12 whose parents reported participation in school-related activities, by selected school, student, and family characteristics: 2011–12

Characteristic Number of students in kindergarten through grade 12 (thousands) Participation in school activities by parent or other household member
Attended a general school or PTO/PTA meeting1 Attended regularly scheduled parent-teacher conference Attended a school or class event Volunteered or servedon school committee Participatedin school fundraising Met with a guidance counselor
Total 52,211 87 76 74 42 58 33
School type2              
Public, assigned 40,097 86 74 73 38 56 33
Public, chosen 7,448 89 76 75 44 57 37
Private, religious 3,271 96 85 88 69 84 29
Private, nonreligious 788 95 89 91 66 78 38
School size3              
Under 300 5,878 90 85 81 51 70 31
300–599 17,361 90 84 80 48 64 29
600–999 15,655 88 78 72 42 58 30
1,000 or more 13,068 82 58 66 29 46 44
Locale of student's household4              
City 15,413 86 75 68 36 51 34
Suburban 19,718 88 75 74 44 59 34
Town 4,875 87 77 76 37 59 31
Rural 12,206 88 78 81 46 66 32
Student's sex              
Male 26,964 87 76 72 40 57 35
Female 25,247 88 75 76 44 60 31
Student's race/ethnicity              
White, non-Hispanic 26,938 89 77 82 50 67 32
Black, non-Hispanic 7,466 85 76 68 31 52 43
Hispanic 12,110 86 73 64 32 46 32
Asian or Pacific Islander,
non-Hispanic
2,871 84 72 65 37 47 23
Other, non-Hispanic5 2,827 88 78 76 44 58 34
Student's grade level6              
Kindergarten–2nd grade 13,610 93 89 79 56 67 22
3rd–5th grade 12,243 92 89 82 51 69 26
6th–8th grade 11,717 87 71 70 32 53 35
9th–12th grade 14,642 79 57 66 28 47 47
Parents' highest education level                          
Less than high school 6,335 77 64 48 19 31 31
High school graduate or equivalent 10,571 82 72 62 28 46 34
Vocational/technical or some college 15,810 88 77 77 41 61 35
Bachelor's degree 11,839 92 80 85 55 71 31
Graduate or professional school 7,656 95 82 89 61 75 33
Parents' language at home7                          
Both/only parent(s) speak(s) English 44,525 88 77 78 45 63 34
One of two parents speaks English 1,856 88 69 62 29 38 27
No parent speaks English 5,830 82 65 50 23 32 28
Poverty status8                          
Poor 10,333 82 71 60 27 41 34
Nonpoor 41,878 89 78 45 63 33
1 Parent Teacher Organization (PTO) or Parent Teacher Association (PTA) meeting.
2 School type classifies the school currently attended as either public or private. Public schools are further classified according to whether the school was chosen or assigned.  Private schools are also classified as being religious or nonreligious. School type also excludes 197 cases where the Common Core of Data (CCD) indicated that the school was public but the respondent indicated the student attended a private school. None of the 197 cases excluded from this variable attended charter or magnet schools as identified on the CCD.
3 Excludes 90 cases because of missing data on the Common Core of Data (CCD)/Private School Survey (PSS) data files.
4 Locale of student's household classifies the residential ZIP code into a set of four major locale categories: city, suburban, town, rural.
5 "Other, non-Hispanic" includes children who were multiracial and not of Hispanic ethnicity, or who were American Indian or Alaska Native, or who were not Hispanic, White, Black, Asian, or Pacific Islander. The different groups mentioned here are not shown separately because the sample sizes do not support stable estimates. Those reported as Asian and Pacific Islander who are not Hispanic are included in the "Asian or Pacific Islander, non-Hispanic" group.
6 Students whose parents reported the student's grade equivalent as "ungraded" were excluded from the analyses of grade level.
7 Complete descriptions of the categories for parents' language are as follows: (1) "Both parents or the only parent learned English first or currently speak(s) English in the home," (2) "One of two parents in a two-parent household learned English first or currently speaks English in the home," and (3) "No parent learned English first and both parents or the only parent currently speak(s) a non-English language in the home."
8 Students are considered poor if living in households with incomes below the poverty threshold, which is a dollar amount determined by the federal government to meet the household's needs, given its size and composition. Income is collected in categories in the survey, rather than as an exact amount, and therefore the poverty measures used in this report are approximations of poverty. Detailed information on the poverty status calculation used in this report is available in appendix B.
NOTE: Students who were homeschooled were excluded from the table. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Variables for school characteristics (school type and school size) have a certain number of missing cases owing to school nonreport; therefore, the number of students across the categories for each school variable does not sum to the total number of students.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (NHES), 2012.
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