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Table 1. Operational and student membership status of public elementary and secondary schools in the United States, by school type: School year 2010–11
School type
Special education Vocational education Alternative education
Operational and student membership status1 All schools Regular
Operating schools2  98,817 88,929 2,206 1,485 6,197
Continuing  96,797 87,379 2,047 1,426 5,945
Added3  80 42 17 5 16
Reopened  190 61 69 37 23
Changed agency4  85 69 5 2 9
New5  1,665 1,378 68 15 204
           
Non-operating  2,861 2,002 82 17 760
Inactive6  564 200 10 6 348
Closed  1,929 1,486 72 7 364
Future7  368 316 0 4 48
           
Student membership status of operating schools 
With membership  95,111 88,019 1,725 388 4,979
Without membership, providing instruction (shared time)8,9  1,483 73 154 919 337
Without membership (not shared time)9  2,223 837 327 178 881
1 Membership is the count of students enrolled on October 1 of the reported school year.
2 Operating schools include all those providing services during the reported school year.
3 Added schools are reported for the first time although they have been operating for more than 1 year.
4 Schools that changed agency are affiliated with a different local education agency than that reported in the previous year.
5 New schools opened for the first time within the school year reported.
6 Inactive schools are closed temporarily and expected to reopen within 3 years.
7 Future schools are expected to open within 2 years.
8 Shared time schools provide instruction on a regular basis to students whose membership is reported for some other school.
9 Includes schools for which membership is 0, missing, or not applicable.
NOTE: Table includes data from the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Charter status is independent of school type; charter schools are included in the school type totals. This table includes data for BIE schools that receive federal funds or federally funded services through the state where they operate.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 2010–11, provisional version 2a.


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