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Introduction

This report presents findings on the numbers and types of public elementary and secondary schools in the United States and other jurisdictions1 in the 2010–11 school year, using data from the Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey of the Common Core of Data (CCD) survey system. The CCD is an annual collection of data that are reported by state education agencies (SEAs) to the National Center for Education Statistics through the U.S. Department of Educationís EDFacts collection system.

The purpose of this report is to introduce new data through the presentation of tables containing descriptive information; therefore, the selected findings chosen for this report demonstrate the range of information available when using the CCD. The selected findings do not represent a complete review of all observed differences in the data and are not meant to emphasize any particular issue. This revised report includes updates to the tables and findings that reflect the 2010–11 provisional version 2a of the School universe file.

The Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey can be used to report the numbers and types of schools. The information includes a schoolís status (new, continuing, closed, etc.), and whether it is a charter school, magnet school, and/or Title I school. The survey can also be used to report the numbers of students and the schoolís "locale type," that is, whether it is in a city, suburban, town, or rural area.

SEAs follow standard definitions for the data items they report to the CCD via the EDFacts collection system. In some cases, SEAs may be unable to report a data item or may not be able to follow the definition exactly. Examples of situations that could lead to missing data would be a state that collected only limited information about charter schools, or a state that did not have a way of identifying magnet schools. Fifty states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Bureau of Indian Education (BIE) reported 2010–11 CCD data through the EDFacts collection system; the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands and Guam reported directly to the CCD. The Department of Defense schools (also known as the Department of Defense Education Activity, or DoDEA) and American Samoa did not report data for the 2010–11 school year; the numbers and statuses of schools in these jurisdictions were carried over from prior year files and all the other data items were left as missing.

Not all schools report students. This is because the CCD allows a student to be reported in membership for only one school.2 Some schools, particularly vocational schools, provide education to students who are included in the membership of other schools. States identified the schools that provide services but do not count students in membership as "shared time" schools.

While tables include data for all of the CCD respondents, "United States" and "reporting states" totals in the tables are limited to the 50 states and the District of Columbia. They do not include data from the BIE, Department of Defense dependents schools (overseas and domestic), Puerto Rico, or the other jurisdictions of American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, or the U.S. Virgin Islands.

Appendix A: Methodology and Technical Notes provides more information about the survey content and methodology. Appendix B: Common Core of Data Glossary provides definitions for data items found in this report. More information about the CCD surveys and products is available at http://nces.ed.gov/ccd.

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1 The CCD includes the 50 states, the District of Columbia, DoDEA, BIE, Puerto Rico and the four other jurisdictions of American Samoa, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. For ease of reading, in this report, the term "state" or "states" refers to these entities.
2 Membership is the count of students enrolled on October 1 of the reported school year.

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