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Table E-ELS-2.  Summary of logistic regression analyses for variables predicting immediate enrollment in a postsecondary institution after completing high school, overall and by race/ethnicity and sex: 2006

Characteristic Total
(n=9,552)
  Race/ethnicity subgroup models   Sex subgroup models  
  White (n= 5,858)   Black (n= 1,080)   Hispanic (n= 1,189)   Male (n= 4,518)   Female (n= 5,034)  
Coeff SE Odds
ratio
  Coeff SE Odds
ratio
  Coeff SE Odds
ratio
  Coeff SE Odds
ratio
  Coeff SE Odds
ratio
  Coeff SE Odds
ratio
 
Intercept -3.06 (0.276)   -3.16 (0.350)   -2.89 (0.855)   -2.45 (0.673)   -3.46 (0.402)   -3.08 (0.433)  
                                                 
Sex                                                
Female (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)  
Male -0.43 (0.075) 0.65 * -0.45 (0.101) 0.64 * -0.30 (0.218) 0.74   -0.52 (0.171) 0.59 * (†)   (†)  
                                                 
Race/ethnicity                                                
White (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)  
Black 0.40 (0.174) 1.50 * (†)   (†)   (†)   0.43 (0.088) 1.54 * 0.37 (0.089) 1.45 *
Hispanic 0.26 (0.106) 1.29   (†)   (†)   (†)   0.17 (#) 1.18   0.35 (#) 1.42  
Asian 0.94 (0.134) 2.57 * (†)   (†)   (†)   0.95 (0.121) 2.58 * 0.94 (0.113) 2.56 *
Other -0.05 (0.176) 0.96   (†)   (†)   (†)   -0.02 (0.006) 0.98   -0.08 (0.008) 0.92  
                                                 
Socioeconomic status (SES)                                                
SES score 0.71 (0.065) 2.03 * 0.96 (0.096) 2.60 * 0.59 (0.171) 1.80 * 0.23 (0.136) 1.26   0.67 (0.088) 1.96 * 0.75 (0.089) 2.11 *
                                                 
Family composition                                                
Two-parent/two-guardian household (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)  
Single-parent/single-guardian household -0.01 (0.079) 0.99   0.02 (0.116) 1.02   -0.17 (0.204) 0.85   -0.04 (0.218) 0.96   -0.06 (0.121) 0.94   0.04 (0.113) 1.04  
                                                 
Math score                                                
Standardized math test score 0.04 (0.005) 1.05 * 0.04 (0.006) 1.04 * 0.06 (0.017) 1.06 * 0.04 (0.011) 1.04 * 0.04 (0.006) 1.04 * 0.05 (0.008) 1.05 *
                                                 
GPA                                                
9th-grade GPA 0.63 (0.051) 1.88 * 0.77 (0.072) 2.15 * 0.58 (0.180) 1.78 * 0.47 (0.128) 1.60 * 0.62 (0.080) 1.87 * 0.63 (0.078) 1.88 *
                                                 
Previously retained                                                
Never held back (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)  
Held back in 10th grade or earlier -0.35 (0.115) 0.70 * -0.21 (0.157) 0.81   -0.62 (0.293) 0.54 * -0.59 (0.267) 0.55 * -0.40 (0.158) 0.67 * -0.31 (0.171) 0.73  
                                                 
Sports participation                                                
Did not participate in sports (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)  
Participated in sports 0.45 (0.071) 1.57 * 0.47 (0.095) 1.60 * 0.28 (0.198) 1.32   0.55 (0.191) 1.73 * 0.46 (0.097) 1.58 * 0.44 (0.093) 1.56 *
                                                 
Extracurricular activities                                                
No extracurricular activities (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)  
One extracurricular activity 0.18 (0.087) 1.20 * 0.17 (0.117) 1.18   0.29 (0.238) 1.33   0.32 (0.210) 1.37   0.25 (0.129) 1.28   0.11 (0.108) 1.12  
Two or more extracurricular activities 0.36 (0.092) 1.43 * 0.43 (0.120) 1.54 * 0.45 (0.273) 1.56   -0.07 (0.254) 0.94   0.43 (0.145) 1.54 * 0.28 (0.126) 1.33 *
                                                 
Absences from school                                                
Absent 0 to 2 times (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)  
Absent 3 to 6 times -0.07 (0.082) 0.93   0.00 (0.106) 1.00   -0.31 (0.212) 0.74   -0.08 (0.194) 0.92   0.01 (0.112) 1.01   -0.17 (0.110) 0.85  
Absent 7 or more times -0.35 (0.114) 0.71 * -0.34 (0.138) 0.71 * -0.31 (0.339) 0.73   -0.28 (0.289) 0.75   -0.31 (0.171) 0.73   -0.39 (0.147) 0.68 *
                                                 
Cut or skip school                                                
Never skipped class (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)  
Skipped class at least once -0.19 (0.083) 0.82 * -0.27 (0.122) 0.77 * -0.18 (0.193) 0.83   0.07 (0.199) 1.08   -0.20 (0.119) 0.82   -0.18 (0.111) 0.83  
                                                 
Parental engagement                                                
Never discuss coursework with parents (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)  
Sometimes discuss coursework with parents 0.11 (0.092) 1.11   0.15 (0.121) 1.16   0.07 (0.295) 1.07   0.03 (0.240) 1.03   0.11 (0.120) 1.11   0.11 (0.143) 1.12  
Often discuss coursework with parents 0.37 (0.117) 1.44 * 0.32 (0.148) 1.38 * 0.49 (0.335) 1.63   0.40 (0.291) 1.50   0.34 (0.164) 1.40 * 0.40 (0.177) 1.49 *
                                                 
Hours working per week                                                
None (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)  
1 to 20 hours per week -0.07 (0.083) 0.93   0.05 (0.103) 1.05   -0.20 (0.224) 0.82   -0.19 (0.196) 0.83   -0.17 (0.115) 0.84   0.04 (0.115) 1.04  
More than 20 hours per week -0.35 (0.120) 0.71 * -0.33 (0.140) 0.72 * -0.28 (0.303) 0.75   -0.39 (0.346) 0.67   -0.32 (0.153) 0.72 * -0.41 (0.160) 0.67 *
                                                 
Close friends dropping out                                                
No friends dropped out of high school (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)  
One or more friends dropped out of high school -0.21 (0.096) 0.81 * -0.37 (0.114) 0.69 * -0.13 (0.303) 0.88   -0.08 (0.248) 0.92   -0.14 (0.155) 0.87   -0.29 (0.144) 0.75  
† Not applicable.
# Rounds to zero.
* p < .05.
NOTE: Italics refer to reference categories. Estimates are based on the sample of students who had graduated from high school by August 2004 and who had a valid F2BYWT weight. Multivariate analyses were not conducted for Asians, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, or American Indians/Alaska Natives due to small sample sizes.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002), "Second Follow-up, 2006."
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National Center for Education Statistics - http://nces.ed.gov
U.S. Department of Education