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Table E-6-2.  Number and percentage of public elementary and secondary school students and percentage distribution of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch, by sex and race/ethnicity: School year 2010–11

Sex and race/ethnicity Number of students1 Percent of students1   Total   Percentage of students in school eligible for free or reduced-price lunch2
    25 percent or fewer 26–50 percent 51–75 percent More than 75 percent
Total3 49,212,583 100.0   100.0   24.3 29.0 26.7 20.1
Sex                  
Male 25,277,620 51.4   100.0   24.2 28.9 26.7 20.1
Female 23,934,411 48.6   100.0   24.4 29.0 26.6 20.0
                   
Race/ethnicity                  
White 25,801,021 52.4   100.0   33.1 36.5 24.2 6.2
Black 7,873,809 16.0   100.0   8.8 18.9 30.9 41.4
Hispanic 11,367,157 23.1   100.0   13.0 19.4 29.9 37.7
Asian 2,281,908 4.6   100.0   38.7 25.9 20.8 14.6
Pacific Islander 169,678 0.3   100.0   14.4 32.2 34.2 19.2
American Indian/Alaska Native 561,126 1.1   100.0   11.5 23.8 33.4 31.4
Two or more races 1,157,332 2.4   100.0   25.0 31.8 27.6 15.6
                   
Race/ethnicity by sex                  
Male                  
White 13,316,510 27.1   100.0   32.9 36.4 24.3 6.3
Black 4,016,659 8.2   100.0   8.9 18.9 30.7 41.6
Hispanic 5,822,182 11.8   100.0   12.9 19.4 29.9 37.8
Asian 1,163,246 2.4   100.0   38.2 25.7 21.1 14.9
Pacific Islander 87,657 0.2   100.0   14.4 32.3 34.0 19.3
American Indian/Alaska Native 287,382 0.6   100.0   11.5 23.8 33.3 31.4
Two or more races 583,984 1.2   100.0   25.0 31.8 27.5 15.7
                   
Female                  
White 12,484,511 25.4   100.0   33.2 36.6 24.1 6.0
Black 3,857,150 7.8   100.0   8.7 19.0 31.0 41.3
Hispanic 5,544,975 11.3   100.0   13.0 19.4 29.9 37.6
Asian 1,118,662 2.3   100.0   39.2 26.1 20.5 14.2
Pacific Islander 82,021 0.2   100.0   14.3 32.2 34.4 19.1
American Indian/Alaska Native 273,744 0.6   100.0   11.4 23.8 33.4 31.4
Two or more races 573,348 1.2   100.0   25.0 31.9 27.7 15.4
1 Includes students enrolled in schools that did not report free or reduced-price lunch eligibility.
2 Columns indicate the percentage of students who attended schools where persons who are eligible for free or reduced-price lunch make up one of the following: 25 percent or fewer of that school's enrollment, 26–50 percent of that school's enrollment, 51–75 percent of that school's enrollment, or more than 75 percent of that school's enrollment. For example, 24 percent of female students in public elementary and secondary schools attend a school where 25 percent or fewer of the students were eligible for free or reduced-price lunch and 20 percent attend a school where more than 75 percent of the students were eligible for free or reduced-price lunch.
3 Total includes other racial/ethnic groups not shown separately in the table. Also includes schools that did not report data on sex and race/ethnicity.
NOTE: The National School Lunch Program is a federally assisted meal program. To be eligible, a student must be from a household with an income at or below 130 percent of the poverty threshold for free lunch, or between 130 percent and 185 percent of the poverty threshold for reduced-price lunch. Schools with missing data were excluded from the percentage distribution analysis. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data (CCD), "Public Elementary/Secondary School Universe Survey," 2010-11.
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