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Table E-4-1.  Number and percentage of children ages 5–17 who spoke a language other than English at home and who spoke English with difficulty, by sex, race/ethnicity, and nativity: 2010

[Numbers in thousands]  
Sex, race/ethnicity, and nativity Total population   Spoke a language other than English at home  
  Number   Percent   Spoke English with difficulty  
      Total   Ages 5–9   Ages 10–17  
      Number   Percent   Number   Percent   Number   Percent  
Total1 54,037   11,774   21.8   2,710   5.0   1,418   6.9   1,292   3.8  
Sex                                    
Male 27,693   5,927   21.4   1,420   5.1   736   7.1   684   3.9  
Female 26,344   5,847   22.2   1,290   4.9   682   6.8   608   3.7  
                                     
Race/ethnicity                                    
White 29,421   1,653   5.6   325   1.1   138   1.3   186   1.0  
Black 7,645   467   6.1   101   1.3   36   1.3   65   1.3  
Hispanic 12,093   7,886   65.2   1,878   15.5   1,050   21.6   828   11.4  
Asian 2,314   1,455   62.9   353   15.3   169   18.5   183   13.1  
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 94   28   29.7   4   4.7   2   4.8   3   4.7  
American Indian/Alaska Native2 420   63   15.0   9   2.1   3   2.1   6   2.1  
American Indian 340   48   14.2   5   1.6   2   1.5   4   1.7  
Alaska Native 28   8   27.2   2   7.5   1 ! 6.6 ! 1   8.0  
Two or more races 1,922   184   9.6   33   1.7   16   1.9   17   1.5  
                                     
Race/ethnicity by sex                                    
Male                                    
White 15,113   817   5.4   161   1.1   70   1.3   91   1.0  
Black 3,903   222   5.7   50   1.3   18   1.3   32   1.3  
Hispanic 6,206   3,990   64.3   993   16.0   551   22.2   441   11.9  
Asian 1,168   742   63.5   191   16.3   87   19.4   104   14.4  
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 52   15   29.3   2   4.3   1 ! 4.8 ! 1 ! 4.0 !
American Indian/Alaska Native2 213   32   15.1   4   1.8   1   1.4   3   2.0  
American Indian 172   25   14.5   2   1.2   1 ! 0.8 ! 2   1.5  
Alaska Native 14   4   25.0   1   6.3   #   5.0 ! 1 ! 7.2 !
Two or more races 972   87   9.0   16   1.7   7   1.8   9   1.5  
                                     
Female                                    
White 14,308   836   5.8   163   1.1   69   1.3   95   1.1  
Black 3,741   245   6.5   52   1.4   19   1.4   33   1.4  
Hispanic 5,887   3,896   66.2   885   15.0   499   21.0   386   11.0  
Asian 1,145   712   62.2   162   14.2   83   17.7   79   11.7  
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 43   13   30.1   2   5.1   1 ! 4.6 ! 1 ! 5.4 !
American Indian/Alaska Native2 207   31   14.9   5   2.5   2   2.9   3   2.2  
American Indian 169   23   13.9   3   2.0   1 ! 2.2 ! 2   1.9  
Alaska Native 13   4   29.6   1 ! 8.8 ! #   9.0 ! 1 ! 8.7 !
Two or more races 950   97   10.2   16   1.7   8   2.0   8   1.5  
                                     
Nativity                                    
Hispanic or Latino                                    
Born within the United States3 10,800   6,647   61.6   1,419   13.1   916   20.0   503   8.1  
Born outside of the United States 1,293   1,239   95.8   459   35.5   134   48.3   325   32.0  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 30 percent or greater.
1 Total includes other racial/ethnic groups not shown separately in the table.
2 Includes persons reporting American Indian only, Alaska Native only, and persons from American Indian and/or Alaska Native tribes specified or not specified.
3 Born within the United States refers to the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Northern Marianas. Also includes those born abroad of American parents.
NOTE: Respondents were asked whether each child in the household spoke a language other than English at home. If they answered "yes," they were asked how well each child could speak English using the following categories: "very well," "well," "not well," and "not at all." All children who were reported to speak English less than "very well" were considered to have difficulty speaking English. A Spanish-language version of the American Community Survey (ACS) was available to respondents. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), 2010.  
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