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Table E-11-1.  Percentage of 9th-grade students who had ever been retained in a grade, by grade level, sex, and race/ethnicity: 2009

Race/ethnicity Ever retained in any grade (kindergarten through 9)     Ever retained in any of grades kindergarten through 5     Ever retained in any of grades 6 through 9  
Total   Male   Female     Total   Male   Female     Total   Male   Female  
Total1 12.8   15.3   10.1     10.4   12.1   8.7     2.9   3.8   1.9  
White 9.5   11.3   7.6     7.7   8.9   6.4     2.1   2.9   1.4  
Black 24.7   28.7   21.4     19.7   21.5   18.2     6.3   8.7   4.4 !
Hispanic 15.3   20.1   10.4     13.1   16.5   9.6     3.0   4.4   1.6 !
Asian 3.3   3.9 ! 2.6 !   3.1   3.8 ! 2.4 !        
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander                      
American Indian/Alaska Native 26.8   34.9       19.9 ! 22.1 !     7.4 ! 13.9 !  
Two or more races 11.1   12.8   9.4     8.7   10.3   7.2     2.6   2.7 ! 2.5 !
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 30 percent or greater.
‡ Reporting standards not met. There are either too few cases or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Totals include other racial/ethnic groups not shown separately in the table.
NOTE: Data are based on parent responses. Totals for "ever retained in any grade (kindergarten through 9)" include responses from parents who did not indicate the specific grade(s) at which their child was retained. Students retained more than one time within a specified grade range were only counted one time in the percentage calculations. Data weighted by W1PARENT. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, High School Longitudinal Study of 2009, Base-Year Restricted-Use File.
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