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Chapter 2: Characteristics of Schools

Adelman, C. (2004). Principal Indicators of Student Academic Histories in Postsecondary Education,1972–2000.Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Adelman, C. (2006). The Toolbox Revisited: Paths to Degree Completion From High School Through College. U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Aud, S., Fox, M., and Kewal Ramani, A. (2010). Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Groups (NCES 2010-015). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Aud, S., Hussar, W., Kena, G., Bianco, K., Frohlich, L., Kemp, J., and Tahan, K. (2011). The Condition of Education 2011 (NCES 2011-033). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Beauvais, F., Chavez, E., Oetting, E., Deffenbacher, J., and Cornell, G. (1996). Drug Use, Violence, and Victimization Among White American, Mexican American, and American Indian Dropouts, Students With Academic Problems, and Students in Good Academic Standing. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 43 (3): 292–299.

Berkner, L., Cuccaro-Alamin, S., and McCormick, A. (1996). Descriptive Summary of1989–90BeginningPostsecondary Students:Five Years Later,With an Essay on Postsecondary Persistence and Attainment (NCES 96-155). National Center for Education Statistics, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Bers, T.H., and Galowich, P.M. (2002). Using Survey and Focus Group Research to Learn About Parents’ Roles in the Community College Choice Process. Community College Review,29 (4): 67.

Bettinger, E., Long, B.T., Oreopoulos, P., and Sanbonmatsu, L. (2009). The Role of Simplification and Information in College Decisions: Results From the H&R Block FAFSA Experiment (NBER Working Paper 15361). Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.

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Brady, D., Owings, J., and Quinn, P. (1992). Language Characteristics and Academic Achievement: A Look at Asian and Hispanic Eighth-Graders in NELS:88 (NCES 92-479). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Braley, R., and Ogden, W. (1997). When Failing Indicates Higher Graduation Potential. College Student Journal, 31: 243–250.

Broh, B.A. (2002). Linking Extracurricular Programming to Academic Achievement: Who Benefits and Why? Sociology of Education,75 (1): 69–95.

Brooks-Gunn, J., and Duncan, G. (1997). Effects of Poverty on Children. The Future of Children: Children and Poverty,Summer/Fall1997: 55–71.

Bryant, A.L., Schulenberg, J.E., O’Malley, P.M., Bachman, J.G., and Johnston, L.D. (2003). How Academic Achievement, Attitudes, and Behaviors Relate to the Course of Substance Use During Adolescence: A 6-Year, Multiwave National Longitudinal Study. Journal of Research on Adolescence,13 (3): 361–397.

Bryant, A.L., and Zimmerman, M.A. (2002). Examining the Effects of Academic Beliefs and Behaviors on Changes in Substance Use Among Urban Adolescents. Journal of Educational Psychology, 94 (3): 621– 637.

Butner, B., Caldera, Y., Herrera, P., Kennedy, F., Frame, M., and Childers, C. (2001). The College Choice Process of African American and Hispanic Women: Implications for College Transitions. Journal of College Orientation and Transition,9 (1): 24–32.

Cabrera, A.F., and La Nasa, S.M. (2000). Understanding the College Choice of Disadvantaged Students. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Cahalan, M., Farris, E., Pavel, M., Skinner, R., Tippeconnic, J. (1988). American Indians and Alaska Natives in Postsecondary Education (NCES 98-291). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Camara, W.J. (2005). Broadening Predictors of College Success. In W.J. Camara and E.W. Kimmel (Eds.), Choosing Students:Higher Education Admissions Tools for the21st Century (pp. 81–105). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Campbell, F.A., Pungello, E.P., Miller-Johnson, S., Burchinal, M., and Ramey, C.T. (2001). The Development of Cognitive and Academic Abilities: Growth Curves From an Early Childhood Educational Experiment. Developmental Psychology, 37 (2): 231–242.

Chen, X. (2009). Students Who Study Science,Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics(STEM) in Postsecondary Education (NCES 2009-161). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Choy, S.P., Horn, L.J., Nunez, A., and Chen, X. (2000). Transition to College: What Helps At-Risk Students and Students Whose Parents Did Not Attend College. New Directions for Institutional Research, 107: 45– 63.

Clotfelter, C.T. (2001). Are Whites Still Fleeing? Racial Patterns and Enrollment Shifts in Urban Public Schools, 1987–1996. Journal of Policy Analysis &Management,20 (2): 199–221.

Clotfelter, C.T. (2004). After Brown: The Rise and Retreat of School Desegregation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Constantine, J.M., Seftor, N.S., Sama Martin, E., Silva, T., and Myers, D. (2006). Study of the Effect of the Talent Search Program on Secondary and Postsecondary Outcomes in Florida, Indiana, and Texas: Final Report From Phase II of the National Evaluation. Princeton, NJ: Mathematica Policy Research.

Cooper, H., Robinson, J.C., and Patall, E.A. (2006). Does Homework Improve Academic Achievement? A Synthesis of Research, 1987–2003. Review of Educational Research, 76 (1): 1– 62.

Crick, N.R., and Bigbee, M.A. (1998). Relational and Overt Forms of Peer Victimization: A Multi-Informant Approach. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66: 337–347.

Crick, N.R., and Grotpeter, J.K. (1996). Children’s Treatment by Peers: Victims of Relational and Overt Aggression. Development and Psychopathology,8 (2): 367–380.

Cunningham, A.F., Erisman, W., and Looney, S.M. (2007). From Aspirations to Action: The Role of Middle School Parents in Making the Dream of College a Reality. Washington, DC: Institute of Higher Education Policy.

Engberg, M.E., and Wolniak, G.C. (2010). Examining the Effects of High School Contexts on Postsecondary Enrollment. Research in Higher Education, 51 (2): 132–153.

Ensminger, M., and Slusarick, A. (1992). Paths to High School Graduation or Dropout: A Longitudinal Study of a First Grade Cohort. Sociology of Education,65: 95–113.

Entwisle, D., Alexander, K., and Olson, L. (2005). First Grade and Educational Attainment by Age 22: A New Story. American Journal of Sociology, 110 (5): 1458–1502.

Epstein, J.L., and Van Voorhis, F.L. (2001). More Than Minutes: Teachers’ Roles in Designing Homework. Educational Psychologist, 36 (3): 181–193.

Evans, G.W., and Schamberg, M.A. (2009). Childhood Poverty, Chronic Stress, and Adult Working Memory. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106 (16): 6545– 6549.

Feldman, A.M., and Matjasko, J.L. (2007). Profiles and Portfolios of Adolescent School-Based Extracurricular Activity Participation. Journal of Adolescence, 30 (2): 313–322.

Finn, J.D. (1993). School Engagement and Students at Risk (NCES 93-470). National Center for Education Statistics, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Frankenberg, E., Lee, C., and Orfield, G. (2003). A Multiracial Society With Segregated Schools:Are We Losing the Dream? Cambridge, MA: Civil Rights Project, Harvard University.

Ganderton, P., and Santos, R. (1995). Hispanic College Attendance and Completion: Evidence From the High School and Beyond Surveys. Economics of Education Review, 14: 35–46.

Grissom, J., and Shepard, L. (1989). Repeating and Dropping Out of School. In L.A. Shepard and M.L. Smith (Eds.), Flunking Grades: Research and Policies on Retention (pp. 16 –33). London: Falmer.

Grodsky, E., and Jones, M.T. (2007). Real and Imagined Barriers to College Entry: Perceptions of Cost. Social Science Research, 36 (2): 745–766.

Gutman, L.M., and Midgley, C. (2000). The Role of Protective Factors in Supporting the Academic Achievement of Poor African American Students During the Middle School Transition. Journal of Youth and Adolescence,29 (2): 223–248.

Hill, L.D. (2008). School Strategies and the ‘‘College- Linking’’ Process: Reconsidering the Effects of High Schools on College Enrollment. Sociology of Education,81 (1): 53–76.

Horn, L. (1998). Stopouts or Stayouts? Undergraduates Who Leave College in Their First Year (NCES 1999- 087). National Center for Education Statistics, Office of Educational Research and Improvement, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Horn, L., and Berktold, J. (1999). Students With Disabilities in Postsecondary Education: A Profile of Preparation, Participation, and Outcomes (NCES 1999- 187). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Horn, L., and Kojaku, L.K. (2001). High School Academic Curriculum and the Persistence Path Through College (NCES 2001–163). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Horn, L.J., and Chen, X. (1998). Toward Resiliency: At-Risk Students Who Make It to College. Office of Educational Research and Improvement, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Horn, L.J., Chen, X., and Chapman, C. (2003). Getting Ready to Pay for College: What Students and Their Parents Know About the Cost of College Tuition and What They Are Doing to Find Out (NCES 2003-030). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Hossler, D., Schmit, J., and Vesper, N. (1999). Going to College. How Social, Economic, and Educational Factors Influence the Decisions Students Make. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Ingels, S.J., and Dalton, B.W. (2008). Trends Among High School Seniors, 1972–2004 (NCES 2008-320). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Ishitani, T.T., and Snider, K.G. (May 2004). Longitudinal Effects of College Preparation Programs on College Retention. Paper presented at the 44th Annual Forum of the Association for Institutional Research, Boston.

Jimerson, S.R. (1999). On the Failure of Failure: Examining the Association Between Early Grade Retention and Education and Employment Outcomes During Late Adolescence. Journal of School Psychology, 37 (3): 243–272.

Jimerson, S.R. (2001). Meta-Analysis of Grade Retention Research: Implications for Practice in the 21st Century. School Psychology Review, 30 (3): 420–437.

Jimerson, S.R., Anderson, G.E., and Whipple, A.D. (2002). Winning the Battle and Losing the War: Examining the Relation Between Grade Retention and Dropping Out of High School. Psychology in the Schools, 39 (4): 441–457.

Jimerson, S.R., Ferguson, P., Whipple, A.D., Anderson, G.E., and Dalton, M.J. (2002). Exploring the Association Between Grade Retention and Dropout: A Longitudinal Study Examining Socioemotional, Behavioral, and Achievement Characteristics of Retained Students. The California School Psychologist, 7: 51– 62.

Johnson, A.W. (1998). An Evaluation of the Long-Term Impacts of the Sponsor-a-Scholar Program on Student Achievement. Princeton, NJ: Mathematica Policy Research.

Jordan, G.E., Snow, C.E., and Porche, M.V. (2000). Project EASE: The Effect of a Family Literacy Project on Kindergarten Students’ Early Literacy Skills. Reading
Research Quarterly,35 (4): 524–546.

Jordan, W.J. (1999). High School Students’ Participation in School-Sponsored Sports Activities: Effects on School Engagement and Achievement. Journal of Negro Education, 68 (1): 54–71.

Jordan, W.J., and Nettles, S.M. (1999). How Students Invest Their Time Out of School:Effects on School Engagement,Perceptions of Life Chances, and Achievement. (Report 29). Center for Research on the Education of Students Placed at Risk.

Kao, G., and Tienda, M. (1998). Educational Aspirations of Minority Youth. American Journal of Education, 106 (3): 349–384.

King, J.E. (2006). Missed Opportunities Revisited:New Information on Students Who Do Not Apply for Financial Aid. Washington, DC: American Council on Education.

Klein, S., Bugarin, R., Beltranena, R., and McArthur, E. (2004). Language Minorities and Their Educational and Labor Market Indicators—Recent Trends (NCES 2004-009). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Lamborn, S.D., Brown, B.B., Mounts, N.S., and Steinberg, L. (1992). Putting School in Perspective: The Influence of Family, Peers, Extracurricular Participation, and Part-Time Work on Academic Engagement. In F.M. Newmann (Ed.), Student Engagement and Achievement. in American Secondary Schools. New York: Teachers’ College Press.

Lee, V.E., and Burkman, D.T. (2002). Inequality at the Starting Gate:Social Background Differences in Achievement as Children Begin School. Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute.

Lipscomb, S. (2007). Secondary School Extracurricular Involvement and Academic Achievement: A Fixed Approach. Economics of Education Review, 26 (4):
463–472.

MacMillan, R., and Hagan, J. (2004). Violence in the Transition to Adulthood: Adolescent Victimization, Education, and Socioeconomic Attainment in Later Life. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 14 (2): 127–158.

Matthews, M.S., and Farmer, J.L. (2008). Factors Affecting the Algebra I Achievement of Academically Talented Learners. Journal of Advanced Academics,19 (3): 472–501.

McDonough, P. (1997). Choosing Colleges: How Social Class and Schools Structure Opportunity. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.

McDonough, P.M. (2005). Counseling and College Counseling in America’s High Schools. Alexandria, VA: National Association for College Admission Counseling.

Nansel, T.R., Overpeck, M.D., Haynie, D.L., Ruan, W.J., and Scheidt, P.C. (2003). Relationships Between Bullying and Violence Among U.S. Youth. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine,157 (4): 348–353.

Nansel, T.R., Overpeck, M., Pilla, R., Ruan, W., Simons- Morton, B., and Scheidt, P. (2001). Bullying Behaviors Among U.S. Youth: Prevalence and Association With Psychosocial Adjustment. Journal of the American Medical Association, 285 (16): 2094–2100.

National Mathematics Advisory Panel. (2008). Foundations for Success: The Final Report of the National Mathematics Advisory Panel. U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Nunez, A.-M., and Cuccaro-Alamin, S. (1998). First- Generation Students:Undergraduates Whose Parents Never Enrolled in Postsecondary Education (NCES 98-082). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Pascarella, E.T., and Terenzini, P.T. (2005). How College Affects Students: A Third Decade of Research (2nd ed.). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Plank, S.B., and Jordan, W.J. (2001). Effects of Information, Guidance, and Actions on Postsecondary Destinations: A Study of Talent Loss. American Educational Research Journal, 38 (4): 947–979.

Planty, M., Hussar, W., Snyder, T., Kena, G., Kewal Ramani, A., Kemp, J., Bianco, K., and Dinkes, R. (2009). The Condition of Education 2009 (NCES 2009-081). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education. Washington, DC.

Prinstein, M.J., Boergers, J., and Vernberg, E.M. (2001). Overt and Relational Aggression in Adolescents: Social- Psychological Adjustment of Aggressors and Victims. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology,30 (4): 479–491.

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Roderick, M., Nagaoka, J., Coca, V., and Moeller, E. (2008). From High School to the Future: Potholes on the Road to College. Chicago: Consortium on Chicago School Research.

Rumberger, R. (1987). High School Dropouts: A Review of Issues and Evidence. Review of Educational Research, 57 (2): 101–121.

Rumberger, R. (1995). Dropping Out of Middle School: A Multilevel Analysis of Students and Schools. American Educational Research Journal, 32 (3): 583– 625.

Rumberger, R.W., and Palardy, G.J. (2005). Does Segregation Still Matter? The Impact of Student Composition on Academic Achievement in High School. Teachers College Record107 (9): 1999–2045.

Sandoval, J., and Fitzgerald, P. (1985). A High School Follow-up of Children Who Were Nonpromoted or Attended a Junior First Grade. Psychology in the Schools, 22 (2): 164–170.

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Shumow, L., and Miller, J.D. (2001). Parents’ At-Home and At-School Academic Involvement With Young Adolescents. Journal of Early Adolescence,21 (1): 68–91.

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