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Chapter 8: Multivariate Analyses of Immediate Postsecondary Enrollment and Degree Attainment

Methodology

In order to further explore factors that are associated with immediate postsecondary enrollment after high school and attainment of an associate's or bachelor's degree within 6 years of beginning postsecondary education, two logistic regression analyses were conducted. The first logistic regression model, immediate postsecondary enrollment, used data from the Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002), including data from the base-year data collection in 2002, the first follow-up round in 2004, and the second follow-up round in 2006. Independent variables for this model are based on data from students' sophomore or freshman year in high school (e.g., 9th-grade GPA). The dependent variable—immediate postsecondary enrollment—is based on data collected during the second follow-up in 2006. The second model, attainment of an associate's or bachelor's degree within 6 years of beginning postsecondary education, used data from the Beginning Postsecondary Students Longitudinal Study (BPS:04/09), including data from the base-year data collection in 2004, the first follow-up round in 2006, and the second follow-up round in 2009. Independent variables for this model are based on data from students' first year of postsecondary enrollment or high school (e.g., high school mathematics coursetaking). The dependent variable— degree attainment by June 2009—is based on data collected during the second follow-up in 2009. For each regression model, all independent variables were entered simultaneously so that relationships between individual independent variables and the dependent variable could be described after controlling for the effect of all of the other independent variables in the model. Detailed information about the logistic regression models, including the accuracy of the models, is provided in the technical appendix of this report.


  
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