Skip Navigation
small NCES header image

Chapter 6: Postsecondary Education

Indicator 41: College Student Employment

In 2010, a lower percentage of male than female undergraduates were employed (70 vs. 73 percent).Lower percentages of males than females were employed among Whites (76 vs. 79 percent), Blacks (57 vs. 62 percent), and Asians (49 vs. 52 percent).

In 2010, approximately 71 percent of undergraduates ages 16 to 24 were employed. About 19 percent worked 35 or more hours per week, 31 percent worked 20 to 34 hours per week, and 21 percent worked less than 20 hours per week. The employment status of undergraduates varied according to students’ sex and race/ethnicity.

In 2010, a lower percentage of male than female undergraduates were employed (70 vs. 73 percent). Within racial/ethnic groups, the percentage of males who were employed was lower than that of females for Whites (76 vs. 79 percent), Blacks (57 vs. 62 percent), and Asians (49 vs. 52 percent). There were no measurable differences between the employment rates of males and females among Hispanics, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders, American Indians, and students of two or more races.

Higher percentages of undergraduates who were White (78 percent) and students of two or more races (73 percent) were employed in 2010 than were undergraduates from all other racial/ethnic groups. In addition, higher percentages of American Indian (66 percent), Hispanic (64 percent), Native Hawaiian/ Pacific Islander (61 percent), and Black (60 percent) undergraduates were employed than were Asian undergraduates (51 percent). White males (76 percent), males of two or more races (72 percent), American Indian males (65 percent), Hispanic males (64 percent), Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander males (62 percent), and Black males (57 percent) were employed at higher percentages than were Asian males (49 percent). In addition, Hispanic males were employed at a higher percentage than Black males. Racial/ethnic differences in the percentages of female students employed were similar to the overall employment patterns.

In contrast to the pattern for the percentage of undergraduates employed overall, a higher percentage of male than female undergraduates (22 vs. 17 percent) worked 35 or more hours per week. Higher percentages of males than females worked 35 or more hours per week among Whites (24 vs. 17 percent), Hispanics (22 vs. 18 percent), and students of two or more races (20 vs. 15 percent). There were no measurable differences between the percentages of males and females who worked 35 or more hours for Blacks, Asians, American Indians, and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders.

In 2010, about 26 percent of undergraduates who were American Indian worked 35 or more hours per week, a higher percentage than Hispanics (20 percent), Blacks (18 percent), persons of two or more races (18 percent), Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders (15 percent) and Asians (11 percent). Whites (21 percent) and Hispanics (20 percent) had higher percentages of undergraduates who worked 35 or more hours per week than did Blacks (18 percent) or students of two or more races (18 percent). Among male undergraduates, Asian students had the lowest percentage of undergraduates who worked 35 or more hours per week (11 percent), with the exception that no measurable difference was found between Asian and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander males. A lower percentage of Black undergraduate males (18 percent) worked 35 or more hours per week than did American Indian (27 percent), White (24 percent), and Hispanic undergraduate males (22 percent). A higher percentage of White males than Hispanic males worked 35 or more hours per week. Among female undergraduates, higher percentages of American Indians (26 percent) worked 35 or more hours per week than did Whites (17 percent), Blacks (17 percent), Hispanics (18 percent), Asians (10 percent), Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders (15 percent), and females of two or more races (15 percent). The percentages of female undergraduates who worked 35 or more hours per week were also higher for Whites, Blacks, Hispanics, and females of two or more races than for Asian females.

Technical Notes

Undergraduates include individuals between the ages of 16 and 24 who were enrolled at a postsecondary institution. Hours worked per week refers to the number of hours the respondent worked at all jobs during the survey week and therefore excludes those who were employed but not at work during the survey week. College includes both 2- and 4-year institutions. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.

Top


Figure 41-1 Percentage of 16- to 24-year-old undergraduate college students who were employed, by race/ethnicity and sex: 2010

Table E-41-1 Percentage of 16- to 24-year-old undergraduates who were employed, by hours worked per week, sex, and race/ethnicity: 2010


  
Would you like to help us improve our products and website by taking a short survey?

YES, I would like to take the survey

or

No Thanks

The survey consists of a few short questions and takes less than one minute to complete.