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Chapter 5: College Knowledge

Indicator 27: Postsecondary Plans

Among 9th-grade students in 2009, a lower percentage of males than females (53 vs. 59 percent) expected to complete a bachelor's or graduate/professional degree as their highest level of education. Conversely, a higher percentage of males than females (17 vs. 12 percent) expected their highest level of education to be the completion of high school or less.

In 2009, ninth-graders in a nationally representative sample were asked to indicate the highest level of education they expected to achieve. About 56 percent expected to complete a bachelor's or graduate/professional degree, 7 percent expected to complete some college, 15 percent expected to complete high school or less, and 22 percent didn't know what level of education they would complete. A lower percentage of males than females (53 vs. 59 percent) expected to complete a bachelor's or graduate/professional degree. This pattern held for White males and females (56 vs. 63 percent) and Black males and females (54 vs. 61 percent), but no measurable differences by sex were observed for other racial/ethnic groups. Conversely, a higher percentage of males than females (17 vs. 12 percent) expected their highest level of education to be the completion of high school or less. This pattern of differences by sex was also observed for White males and females (15 vs. 9 percent) and Hispanic males and females (24 vs. 17 percent).

Some differences in 9th-graders' expectations concerning their educational attainment were found when comparing racial/ethnic groups. Higher percentages of Asian students, White students, students of two or more races, and Black students than Hispanic or American Indian/ Alaska Native students expected to complete a bachelor's or graduate/professional degree. This pattern was found for males as well. For example, 60 percent of Asian males, 59 percent of males of two or more races, 56 percent of White males, and 54 percent of Black males expected to complete at least a bachelor's degree, compared with 44 percent of Hispanic males and 33 percent of American Indian/Alaska Native males. Also, higher percentages of females who were Asian, White, of two or more races, and Black expected to complete a bachelor's or graduate degree than did Hispanic females. In contrast, the percentages of 9th-graders who expected to complete high school or less were higher for American Indian/Alaska Native and Hispanic students than for Asian students, White students, and students of two or more races. Also, a higher percentage of Black 9th-graders than Asian or White 9th-graders reported that they expected high school or less to be their highest level of education.

Ninth-graders were also asked to indicate what they planned to do during their first year after high school. Some 65 percent of 9th-graders indicated that they planned to enroll in a license/certificate, associate's, or bachelor's program during their first year after high school. A lower percentage of males (59 percent) than females (71 percent) planned to pursue a license/ certificate, associate's, or bachelor's program in their first year after high school. This pattern held for White males and females (60 vs. 73 percent), Black males and females (61 vs. 71 percent), Hispanic males and females (53 vs. 67 percent), and males and females of two or more races (62 vs. 73 percent). Patterns between racial/ethnic groups for students planning to enter a license/certificate, associate's, or bachelor's program were similar to those for students expecting to complete a bachelor's or graduate/professional degree.

Technical Notes

"High school or less" includes students who indicated that they expected to complete less than high school, a high school diploma, or a General Educational Development (GED) credential. "Some college" includes those who expected to start an associate's degree, complete an associate's degree, or start a bachelor's degree. "Graduate or professional degree" includes those who expected to complete a master's degree or start or complete a Ph.D., M.D., law, or other professional degree.

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Figure 27-1 Percentage of 9th-graders expecting to complete a bachelor's or graduate/professional degree, by race/ethnicity and sex: 2009

Figure 27-2 Percentage of 9th-graders planning to enroll in a license/certificate, associate's, or bachelor's program during their first year after high school, by race/ethnicity and sex: 2009

Table E-27-1 Percentage distribution of 9th-graders expecting to complete various educational levels, by sex and race/ethnicity: 2009

Table E-27-2 Percentage of 9th-graders planning different activities during their first year after high school, by sex and race/ethnicity: 2009


  
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