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Table 53. Percentage of high school seniors reporting various values as very important, by sex, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status (SES): 1972, 1980, 1992, and 2004
 
Sex, race/ethnicity, and SES Giving children better opportunity   Living close to parents
1972 1980 1992 2004   1972 1980 1992 2004
Total 66.8 66.9 75.5 82.5   7.7 14.0 16.9 24.5
Sex                  
Male 66.8 67.3 74.5 82.1   7.2 13.0 15.2 22.3
Female 66.9 66.5 76.5 82.9   8.3 14.8 18.7 26.6

Race/ethnicity
                 
White 63.7 63.2 71.0 78.7   7.1 13.0 15.2 21.8
Black 88.7 85.6 91.2 92.0   10.0 14.2 16.5 26.0
Hispanic 84.1 79.2 86.7 89.7   14.1 21.8 25.4 32.7
Asian 69.6 75.0 79.1 84.7   13.8 24.4 26.6 31.8
Two or more races 81.1   21.7

SES quartile
                 
Lowest 78.6 75.8 85.0 88.0   9.0 15.1 19.1 30.1
Middle two 67.5 67.3 76.5 84.3   8.1 14.1 16.7 25.0
Highest 56.4 56.0 64.8 73.5   5.8 12.0 15.3 17.6
Sex, race/ethnicity, and SES Making money   Working to correct social problems
1972 1980 1992 2004   1972 1980 1992 2004
Total 17.8 31.4 37.4 35.1   26.9 13.0 20.3 19.7
Sex                  
Male 25.9 40.5 45.3 42.7   22.4 12.3 17.0 18.1
Female 9.8 23.1 29.4 27.6   31.3 13.6 23.6 21.2

Race/ethnicity
                 
White 16.4 29.4 33.7 28.9   24.7 10.6 16.7 15.0
Black 29.9 44.8 51.8 55.4   46.5 25.3 33.8 31.6
Hispanic 18.8 34.6 40.5 40.3   32.5 18.3 27.0 28.1
Asian 18.7 40.1 47.9 41.9   24.6 17.4 25.3 23.1
Two or more races 36.4   19.0

SES quartile
                 
Lowest 19.2 31.5 43.6 41.1   28.9 15.0 24.3 24.0
Middle two 17.3 31.1 37.6 34.8   25.4 11.7 18.8 18.0
Highest 17.6 32.0 31.2 29.6   27.8 13.3 19.4 18.7
— Not available.
NOTE: Totals include other racial/ethnic groups not shown separately. Asian category includes Native Hawaiians and Other Pacific Islanders. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Longitudinal Study of the High School Class of 1972 (NLS:72), "Base Year"; High School and Beyond Longitudinal Study of 1980 Seniors (HS&B-Sr:80), "Third Follow-up, 1986"; National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88), "Second Follow-up, Student Survey, 1992"; and Education Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002), "First Follow-up, 2004."

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