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Table 32. Number and percentage of people receiving public assistance, by sex, race/ethnicity, and age group: Selected years, 1980 through 2009
 
Age group and year Total   Percent receiving public assistance
Number receiving public assistance (in thousands) Percent receiving public assistance Sex   Race/ethnicity
Male Female White Black Hispanic Asian/ Pacific Islander American Indian/ Alaska Native  
All persons                        
1980 10,300 4.6   4.0 5.1   3.1 12.5 7.8  
1985 10,800 4.6   4.2 4.9   3.0 12.4 7.3  
1990 25,190 10.1   9.2 11.0   6.4 27.2 17.2 12.8 24.3  
1995 27,250 10.3   9.4 11.2   6.0 26.5 18.9 12.6 24.1  
2000 18,600 6.7   6.1 7.2   4.3 15.5 10.0 7.5 12.9  
2001 17,610 6.2   5.7 6.8   4.1 14.4 8.6 7.6 14.1  
2002 17,460 6.1   5.7 6.5   4.1 13.6 8.7 5.8 13.2  
2003 18,580 6.4   6.0 6.8   4.4 14.6 8.9 5.9 15.8  
2004 18,560 6.4   6.0 6.7   4.5 14.3 8.1 5.4 15.4  
2005 18,110 6.2   5.7 6.6   4.2 14.0 7.8 5.8 13.2  
2006 17,100 5.8   5.2 6.3   4.1 12.5 7.2 5.3 14.4  
2007 17,210 5.8   5.4 6.1   4.1 12.8 7.0 5.2 11.4  
2008 19,540 6.5   6.1 6.9   4.5 14.0 8.4 5.5 12.8  
2009 19,670 6.5   6.1 6.8   4.4 13.5 8.7 5.9 16.1  
15 to 24 years old                        
1980 1,700 4.1   3.9 4.3   2.4 11.7 6.9  
1985 1,760 4.6   4.7 4.5   2.9 12.5 5.0  
1990 3,790 10.9   9.1 12.7   6.8 25.8 15.1 15.1 27.2 !
1995 4,390 12.1   10.2 14.0   6.8 29.4 18.2 13.2 22.4 !
2000 2,750 7.1   6.3 7.9   4.5 15.9 9.2 7.4 8.0 !
2001 2,640 6.7   6.1 7.3   4.1 15.8 7.6 9.0 15.4  
2002 2,590 6.5   6.2 6.8   4.2 14.3 7.7 7.0 13.0  
2003 2,960 7.3   6.6 7.9   4.9 16.7 8.0 5.8 15.9  
2004 2,930 7.1   6.6 7.6   4.9 16.2 7.7 6.0 13.3  
2005 2,770 6.7   6.4 7.0   4.1 15.4 8.1 6.8 15.3  
2006 2,500 6.0   5.6 6.4   4.3 12.2 6.2 6.4 14.1  
2007 2,460 5.9   5.6 6.2   3.9 13.2 6.3 5.5 8.4  
2008 2,910 7.0   6.3 7.6   4.6 14.9 8.4 5.7 11.3  
2009 2,930 6.9   6.4 7.5   4.4 14.9 8.1 7.4 17.3  
— Not available.
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 30 percent or greater.
NOTE: Total includes other racial/ethnic groups not shown separately. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. For 1990 through 2009, the population receiving public assistance is defined as persons living in households who reported receiving public assistance, Supplemental Security Income (SSI), veterans’ payments, or Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) (or its predecessor Aid to Families with Dependent Children [AFDC]). TANF replaced ADFC in 1996. For 1980 and 1985, however, information was not collected on means-tested veterans’ payments or those who counted public assistance as "other income" but did not report receiving public assistance.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), March and Annual Social and Economic Supplement, selected years, 1981–2010.

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