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Table 17a. Residence and migration of all freshman students in degree-granting institutions who graduated from high school in the previous 12 months, by state or jurisdiction: Fall 1992 and 2008
 
State or jurisdiction Total freshman enrollment in institutions located in the state   Total state residents enrolled in institutions in any state   Total state residents enrolled in institutions
in-state
  Percent in-state
retention
Fall 1992 Fall 2008   Fall 1992 Fall 2008   Fall 1992 Fall 2008   Fall 1992 Fall 2008
     United States1 2,066,058 3,024,723   2,028,759 2,963,570   1,718,436 2,418,035   84.7 81.6
Alabama 42,234 51,456   36,912 42,596   34,298 37,581   92.9 88.2
Alaska 2,480 3,193   3,474 5,109   2,127 2,900   61.2 56.8
Arizona 30,438 89,486   27,236 50,385   24,996 45,621   91.8 90.5
Arkansas 18,364 26,838   17,751 25,071   15,341 21,760   86.4 86.8
California 213,910 433,287   211,656 422,773   196,614 393,120   92.9 93.0
Colorado 34,082 54,978   30,340 48,384   25,586 39,436   84.3 81.5
Connecticut 22,769 30,754   27,631 36,886   16,374 21,200   59.3 57.5
Delaware 7,227 9,231   5,832 7,881   4,334 5,423   74.3 68.8
District of Columbia 8,427 13,734   2,573 3,967   1,211 915   47.1 23.1
Florida 70,565 153,189   67,769 143,069   57,423 125,023   84.7 87.4
Georgia 52,148 86,199   51,377 91,194   43,780 74,153   85.2 81.3
Hawaii 9,445 9,668   9,644 11,348   7,874 7,878   81.6 69.4
Idaho 10,960 12,057   9,339 11,978   7,395 8,387   79.2 70.0
Illinois 114,044 119,139   122,220 122,184   105,034 92,908   85.9 76.0
Indiana 49,304 73,439   43,916 65,116   38,478 56,900   87.6 87.4
Iowa 36,538 44,777   32,517 30,579   28,825 26,274   88.6 85.9
Kansas 25,453 29,593   23,111 27,498   20,742 23,041   89.7 83.8
Kentucky 29,114 40,207   27,271 38,053   24,356 32,791   89.3 86.2
Louisiana 31,810 38,473   30,176 37,390   26,831 32,786   88.9 87.7
Maine 8,765 12,142   10,059 12,465   6,532 8,733   64.9 70.1
Maryland 33,288 47,770   36,314 58,421   26,124 38,234   71.9 65.4
Massachusetts 59,460 75,530   51,008 67,903   37,880 47,699   74.3 70.2
Michigan 87,772 96,416   88,771 100,432   81,831 88,272   92.2 87.9
Minnesota 41,718 55,023   42,336 58,383   34,113 44,137   80.6 75.6
Mississippi 24,848 33,578   23,178 32,647   21,230 28,841   91.6 88.3
Missouri 38,821 57,833   36,375 56,087   30,828 46,447   84.8 82.8
Montana 6,413 8,520   6,636 8,349   4,873 6,351   73.4 76.1
Nebraska 16,156 18,109   16,193 17,878   13,569 14,641   83.8 81.9
Nevada 4,521 18,536   5,126 20,260   3,650 16,726   71.2 82.6
New Hampshire 11,297 13,056   9,308 13,257   5,863 7,045   63.0 53.1
New Jersey 44,611 65,959   64,431 96,826   41,016 60,691   63.7 62.7
New Mexico 11,419 19,569   11,734 19,024   9,722 15,982   82.9 84.0
New York 153,852 193,929   157,069 190,660   132,243 156,091   84.2 81.9
North Carolina 55,013 88,596   45,935 83,364   42,947 72,436   93.5 86.9
North Dakota 8,684 8,733   7,100 6,622   5,812 4,828   81.9 72.9
Ohio 91,169 108,929   89,456 113,638   78,698 93,980   88.0 82.7
Oklahoma 30,050 33,339   29,706 30,624   26,979 26,499   90.8 86.5
Oregon 22,733 33,748   21,353 31,189   18,193 25,759   85.2 82.6
Pennsylvania 100,964 143,938   94,435 127,454   79,950 105,349   84.7 82.7
Rhode Island 12,813 16,543   8,046 10,341   5,743 7,244   71.4 70.1
South Carolina 20,906 43,405   19,733 38,907   16,808 33,698   85.2 86.6
South Dakota 6,398 8,920   5,998 8,175   4,529 6,164   75.5 75.4
Tennessee 34,622 53,671   32,909 53,285   28,040 44,177   85.2 82.9
Texas 124,246 199,333   123,208 210,694   114,300 184,051   92.8 87.4
Utah 23,536 30,331   18,931 24,545   17,726 22,382   93.6 91.2
Vermont 6,274 7,744   4,478 5,363   2,707 2,529   60.5 47.2
Virginia 44,683 81,742   40,877 77,797   32,505 62,966   79.5 80.9
Washington 64,913 41,221   62,565 44,245   57,843 34,466   92.5 77.9
West Virginia 16,941 19,954   15,003 14,253   12,745 12,076   84.9 84.7
Wisconsin 46,043 58,310   44,993 57,970   38,734 47,678   86.1 82.2
Wyoming 3,817 6,241   4,258 4,608   3,084 3,445   72.4 74.8
1 Includes students whose home state was unable to be determined by the institution. The Fall 2008 United States data also include students attending U.S. Service Academies who are not shown separately.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 1992 and 2008 Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Residence of First-Time Students" survey, 1992, and Spring 2009.

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