Table 14. Percentage of public school students in 9th through 12th grade who had ever been suspended or expelled, by sex and race/ethnicity: 1999, 2003, and 2007
 
Race/ethnicity 1999   2003   2007
Total   Male   Female   Total   Male   Female   Total   Male   Female  
  Suspended
Total1 22.0   28.5   15.4   20.4   25.5   14.9   24.5   31.7   16.9  
White 18.2   25.3   10.7   18.1   24.7   11.2   17.7   24.1   11.6  
Black 37.0   40.9   33.6   30.2   33.1   27.2   49.0   57.0   38.5  
Hispanic 22.7   30.1   14.1   21.9   25.4   17.9   26.5   35.5   17.3  
Asian/Pacific Islander 18.4   28.1     11.6 ! 17.6 !   12.8 !   19.4 !
American Indian/Alaska Native 36.3                  
Two or more races             29.1   32.8   23.2 !
  Expelled
Total1 3.0   4.1   1.9   3.9   5.3   2.4   3.2   4.4   1.9 !
White 1.8   2.8   0.8 ! 3.2   4.9   1.3 ! 1.1   1.6   0.7 !
Black 6.5   8.3   4.9 ! 8.5   9.6   7.4   10.3   14.6 ! 4.6 !
Hispanic 4.5 ! 6.0 !   3.6   4.9   2.2 ! 4.1 ! 3.4 !  
Asian/Pacific Islander       #   #   #        
American Indian/Alaska Native                  
Two or more races                  
# Rounds to zero.
! Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 30 percent or greater.
‡ Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Total includes other racial/ethnic groups not shown separately.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Parent and Family Involvement in Education Survey of the National Household Education Surveys Program (PFI-NHES), 1999, 2003, and 2007.