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Table 13. Average scale scores among 15-year-olds on the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) reading, mathematics, and science literacy assessments, by participating country and race/ethnicity in the United States: 2009
 
Reading   Mathematics   Science
Country and race/ethnicity Average score   Country and race/ethnicity Average score   Country and race/ethnicity Average score
OECD average 493   OECD average 496   OECD average 501
               
United States1 500   United States1  487   United States1  502
White 525   White 515   White 532
Black 441   Black 423   Black 435
Hispanic 466   Hispanic 453   Hispanic 464
Asian 541   Asian 524   Asian 536
Two or more races 502   Two or more races 487   Two or more races 503
               
Countries whose score was higher than     Countries whose score was higher than     Countries whose score was higher than  
the U.S. score     the U.S. score     the U.S. score  
Korea, Republic of 539   Korea, Republic of 546   Finland 554
Finland 536   Finland 541   Japan 539
Canada 524   Switzerland 534   Korea, Republic of 538
New Zealand 521   Japan 529   New Zealand 532
Japan 520   Canada 527   Canada 529
Australia 515   Netherlands 526   Estonia 528
      New Zealand 519   Australia 527
Countries whose score was not measurably     Belgium 515   Netherlands 522
different from the U.S. score     Australia 514   Germany 520
Netherlands 508   Germany 513   Switzerland 517
Belgium 506   Estonia 512   United Kingdom 514
Norway 503   Iceland 507   Slovenia 512
Estonia 501   Denmark 503      
Switzerland 501   Slovenia 501   Countries whose score was not measurably  
Poland 500   Norway 498   different from the U.S. score  
Iceland 500   France 497   Poland 508
Sweden 497   Slovak Republic 497   Ireland 508
Germany 497         Belgium 507
Ireland 496   Countries whose score was not measurably     Hungary 503
France 496   different from the U.S. score     Czech Republic 500
Denmark 495   Austria 496   Norway 500
United Kingdom 494   Poland 495   Denmark 499
Hungary 494   Sweden 494   France 498
      Czech Republic 493   Iceland 496
Countries whose score was lower than     United Kingdom 492   Sweden 495
the U.S. score     Hungary 490   Austria 494
Portugal 489   Luxembourg 489   Portugal 493
Italy 486   Ireland 487      
Slovenia 483   Portugal 487   Countries whose score was lower than  
Greece 483   Spain 483   the U.S. score  
Spain 481   Italy 483   Slovak Republic 490
Czech Republic 478         Italy 489
Slovak Republic 477   Countries whose score was lower than     Spain 488
Israel 474   the U.S. score     Luxembourg 484
Luxembourg 472   Greece 466   Greece 470
Austria 470   Israel 447   Israel 455
Turkey 464   Turkey 445   Turkey 454
Chile 449   Chile 421   Chile 447
Mexico 425   Mexico 419   Mexico 416
1 Total includes other racial/ethnic groups not shown separately.
NOTE: The scale range for the PISA assessment is from 0 to 1,000. The scale was designed to have an average score of 500 points, with approximately two-thirds of students achieving between 400 and 600 points. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2009.

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